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Saccharides and Glycosides

Saccharide is also called carbohydrate, consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with the empirical formula Cm(H2O)n. The saccharides are divided into four chemical groups: monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides. Carbohydrates perform numerous roles in living organisms. Polysaccharides serve for the storage of energy (e.g. starch and glycogen) and as structural components. The 5-carbon monosaccharide ribose is an important component of coenzymes (e.g. ATP, FAD and NAD) and the backbone of the genetic molecule known as RNA. The related deoxyribose is a component of DNA. Saccharides and their derivatives include many other important biomolecules that play key roles in the immune system, fertilization, preventing pathogenesis, blood clotting, and development.

A glycoside is a molecule in which a sugar is bound to another functional group via a glycosidic bond. Glycosides play numerous important roles in living organisms. Many plants store chemicals in the form of inactive glycosides. These can be activated by enzyme hydrolysis, which causes the sugar part to be broken off, making the chemical available for use. Many such plant glycosides are used as medications. In animals and humans, poisons are often bound to sugar molecules as part of their elimination from the body.

Saccharides and Glycosides (30):

Cat. No. Product Name CAS No. Purity Chemical Structure
  • HY-13005
    Fagomine 53185-12-9 >98.0%
    Fagomine is a mild glycosidase inhibitor. The Ki of the iminosugar Fagomine is 4.8 μM, 39 μM, and 70 μM for Amyloglucosidase (A.niger), β-Glucosidase (bovine), and Isomaltase (yeast), respectively.
    Fagomine
  • HY-N0109
    Salidroside 10338-51-9 98.46%
    Salidroside is a prolyl endopeptidase Inhibitor. Salidroside alleviates cachexia symptoms in mouse models of cancer cachexia via activating mTOR signalling.
    Salidroside
  • HY-N2019
    Chaetocin 28097-03-2 >98.0%
    Chaetocin is a specific inhibitor of the histone methyltransferase (HMT) SU(VAR)3-9 with an IC50 of 0.6 μM for SU(VAR)3-9. It also inhibits thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) with an IC50 of 4 μM.
    Chaetocin
  • HY-B0633A
    Hyaluronic acid 9004-61-9 99.90%
    Hyaluronic acid is a biopolymer composed of repeating units of disaccharides with various applications.
    Hyaluronic acid
  • HY-N0527
    1,2,3,4,6-Penta-O-galloyl-beta-D-glucopyranose 14937-32-7 99.04%
    1,2,3,4,6-Penta-O-galloyl-β-D-glucopyranose is a gallotannin isolated from various plants.
    1,2,3,4,6-Penta-O-galloyl-beta-D-glucopyranose
  • HY-N0652
    2,3,5,4'-Tetrahydroxystilbene 2-O-β-D-glucoside 82373-94-2 98.72%
    2,3,4',5-tetrahydroxystilbene 2-O-D-glucoside isolats from the roots of Polygonum species, inhibits the formation of 5-HETE, HHT and thromboxane B2, although less strongly.
    2,3,5,4'-Tetrahydroxystilbene 2-O-β-D-glucoside
  • HY-N0937
    Astragalus polysaccharide >98.0%
    Astragalus polysaccharide, one active component of the polysaccharides extract of Astragulus, attenuates TNF-α-induced insulin resistance by suppressing miR-721 and activating PPAR-γ and PI3K/Akt in 3T3-L1 adipocytes.
    Astragalus polysaccharide
  • HY-N0210
    D-Galactose 59-23-4
    D-Galactose is a natural aldohexose and C-4 epimer of glucose.
    D-Galactose
  • HY-N0733
    Glucosamine hydrochloride 66-84-2
    Glucosamine (hydrochloride) is a natural product.
    Glucosamine hydrochloride
  • HY-N0190
    Amygdalin 29883-15-6 98.03%
    Amygdalin is a plant glucoside isolated from the stones of rosaceous fruits, such as apricots, peaches, almond, cherries, and plums.
    Amygdalin
  • HY-N0538
    Xylitol 87-99-0 >98.0%
    Xylitol is a chemical categorized as a polyalcohol or sugar alcohol.
    Xylitol
  • HY-B2144
    Chitosan 9012-76-4
    Chitosan is a natural polycationic linear polysaccharide derived from chitin.
    Chitosan
  • HY-N0659
    Jujuboside A 55466-04-1 98.18%
    Jujuboside A is a glycoside extracted from Semen Ziziphi Spinosae, a Chinese herbal medicine used to treat insomnia and anxiety.
    Jujuboside A
  • HY-B0633
    Hyaluronic acid sodium salt 9067-32-7
    Hyaluronic acid sodium salt is a biopolymer composed of repeating units of disaccharides with various applications.
    Hyaluronic acid sodium salt
  • HY-B1779
    Sucrose 57-50-1 >98.0%
    Sucrose is a disaccharide which is composed of two monosaccharides, glucose and fructose.
    Sucrose
  • HY-N0395
    Fructose 7660-25-5 >98.0%
    Fructose is a simple ketonic monosaccharide found in many plants, where it is often bonded to glucose to form the disaccharide sucrose.
    Fructose
  • HY-N1499
    Nystose 13133-07-8 >98.0%
    Nystose is a tetrasaccharide with two fructose molecules linked via beta (1→2) bonds to the fructosyl moiety of sucrose.
    Nystose
  • HY-B1125
    Glucosamine 3416-24-8
    Glucosamine is an amino sugar and a prominent precursor in the biochemical synthesis of glycosylated proteins and lipids, is used as a dietary supplement.
    Glucosamine
  • HY-17567
    Heparin 9005-49-6
    Heparin is a highly sulfated glycosaminoglycan,that is widely used as an injectable anticoagulant, and has the highest negative charge density of any known biological molecule.
    Heparin
  • HY-N0537
    Xylose 58-86-6
    Xylose, a natural product, can be catalyzed into xylulose by xylose isomerase, and it is the key step for anaerobic ethanolic fermentation of xylose.
    Xylose