1. Natural Products
  2. Terpenoids and Glycosides

Terpenoids and Glycosides

The terpenoids are a large and diverse class of naturally occurring organic chemicals, derived from five-carbon isoprene units assembled and modified in thousands of ways. Most are multicyclic structures that differ from one another not only in functional groups but also in their basic carbon skeletons. They can be classified according to the number of isoprene units used: Hemiterpenoids, Monoterpenoids, Sesquiterpenoids, Diterpenoids, Sesterterpenoids, Triterpenoids, Tetraterpenoids. These lipids can be found in all classes of living things, and are the largest group of natural products. Plant terpenoids are used extensively for their aromatic qualities and play a role in traditional herbal remedies. Terpenoids contribute to the scent of eucalyptus, the flavors of cinnamon, cloves, and ginger, the yellow color in sunflowers, and the red color in tomatoes.

Terpenoids and Glycosides (1882):

Cat. No. Product Name CAS No. Purity Chemical Structure
  • HY-B0015
    Paclitaxel 33069-62-4 99.97%
    Paclitaxel is a naturally occurring antineoplastic agent and stabilizes tubulin polymerization. Paclitaxel can cause both mitotic arrest and apoptotic cell death. Paclitaxel also induces autophagy[1][2].
    Paclitaxel
  • HY-15371
    Forskolin 66575-29-9
    Forskolin (Coleonol) is a potent adenylate cyclase activator with an IC50 of 41 nM and an EC50 of 0.5 μM for type I adenylyl cyclase[1]. Forskolin is also an inducer of intracellular cAMP formation[2]. Forskolin induces differentiation of various cell types and activates pregnane X receptor (PXR) and FXR[3]. Forskolin exerts a inotropic effect on the heart, and has platelet antiaggregatory and antihypertensive actions. Forskolin also induces autophagy[4][5].
    Forskolin
  • HY-13433
    Thapsigargin 67526-95-8
    Thapsigargin, an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress inducer, is an inhibitor of microsomal Ca2+-ATPase. Thapsigargin efficiently inhibits coronavirus (HCoV-229E, MERS-CoV, SARS-CoV-2) replication in different cell types[1][2][3][4][5].
    Thapsigargin
  • HY-13067
    Celastrol 34157-83-0 99.90%
    Celastrol (Tripterine;Tripterin) is a proteasome inhibitor which potently and preferentially inhibits the chymotrypsin-like activity of a purified 20S proteasome with IC50 of 2.5 μM.
    Celastrol
  • HY-32735
    Triptolide 38748-32-2
    Triptolide is a diterpenoid triepoxide extracted from the root of Tripterygium wilfordii with immunosuppressive, anti-inflammatory, antiproliferative and antitumour effects. Triptolide is a NF-κB activation inhibitor[1][2][3][4][5][6].
    Triptolide
  • HY-N0184
    Glycyrrhizic acid 1405-86-3
    Glycyrrhizic acid is a triterpenoid saponinl, acting as a direct HMGB1 antagonist, with anti-tumor, anti-diabetic activities.
    Glycyrrhizic acid
  • HY-N0176
    Dihydroartemisinin 71939-50-9
    Dihydroartemisinin is a potent anti-malaria agent.
    Dihydroartemisinin
  • HY-N0431
    Astragaloside IV 84687-43-4
    Astragaloside IV, an active component isolated from Astragalus membranaceus, suppresses the activation of ERK1/2 and JNK, and downregulates matrix metalloproteases (MMP)-2, (MMP)-9 in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells.
    Astragaloside IV
  • HY-19543
    Brusatol 14907-98-3
    Brusatol (NSC 172924) is a unique inhibitor of the Nrf2 pathway that sensitizes a broad spectrum of cancer cells to Cisplatin and other chemotherapeutic agents. Brusatol enhances the efficacy of chemotherapy by inhibiting the Nrf2-mediated defense mechanism. Brusatol can be developed into an adjuvant chemotherapeutic agent[1]. Brusatol increases cellular apoptosis[2].
    Brusatol
  • HY-N0141
    Parthenolide 20554-84-1 99.94%
    Parthenolide is a sesquiterpene lactone found in the medicinal herb Feverfew. Parthenolide exhibits anti-inflammatory activity by inhibiting NF-κB activation; also inhibits HDAC1 protein without affecting other class I/II HDACs.
    Parthenolide
  • HY-N0004
    Oridonin 28957-04-2 99.89%
    Oridonin (NSC-250682), a diterpenoid isolated from Rabdosia rubescens, acts as an inhibitor of AKT, with IC50s of 8.4 and 8.9 μM for AKT1 and AKT2; Oridonin possesses anti-tumor, anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory effects.
    Oridonin
  • HY-N0063
    Punicalagin 65995-63-3 99.97%
    Punicalagin is a polyphenol ingredient isolated from Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) or the leaves of Terminalia catappa L.. Punicalagin is a reversible and non-competitive 3CLpro inhibitor and inhibits SARS-CoV-2 replication in vitro. Punicalagin is an anti-hepatitis B virus (HBV) agent and has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer effects. Punicalagin has the potential for the research of COVID-19[1][2][3].
    Punicalagin
  • HY-N0293
    Paeoniflorin 23180-57-6
    Paeoniflorin is a heat shock protein-inducing compound and commonly exists in the plants of Paeoniaceae family, with various biological activities, including anticancer activity, anti-inflammatory activity, enhancing cognition and attenuating learning impairment, anti-oxidative stress, antiplatelet aggregation, expansion of blood vessels, and reducing blood viscosity[1][2][3].
    Paeoniflorin
  • HY-B0094
    Artemisinin 63968-64-9
    Artemisinin (Qinghaosu), a sesquiterpene lactone, is an anti-malarial agent isolated from the aerial parts of Artemisia annua L. plants[1]. Artemisinin inhibits AKT signaling pathway by decreasing pAKT in a dose-dependent manner. Artemisinin reduces cancer cell proliferation, migration, invasion, tumorigenesis and metastasis and has neuroprotective effects[2].
    Artemisinin
  • HY-N0140
    Ursolic acid 77-52-1
    Ursolic acid (Prunol) is a natural pentacyclic triterpenoid carboxylic acid, exerts anti-tumor effects and is an effective compound for cancer prevention and therapy.
    Ursolic acid
  • HY-N0156
    Oleanolic acid 508-02-1
    Oleanolic acid (Caryophyllin) is a natural compound from plants with anti-tumor activities.
    Oleanolic acid
  • HY-10529
    Betulinic acid 472-15-1
    Betulinic acid is a natural pentacyclic triterpenoid, acts as a eukaryotic topoisomerase I inhibitor, with an IC50 of 5 μM, and possesses anti-HIV, anti-malarial, anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor properties[1][2][3][4].
    Betulinic acid
  • HY-N0529
    Rosmarinic acid 20283-92-5 99.70%
    Rosmarinic acid is a widespread phenolic ester compound in the plants. Rosmarinic acid inhibits MAO-A, MAO-B and COMT enzymes with IC50s of 50.1, 184.6 and 26.7 μM, respectively.
    Rosmarinic acid
  • HY-N0174
    Cryptotanshinone 35825-57-1 98.69%
    Cryptotanshinone is a natural compound extracted from the root of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge that shows antitumor activities. Cryptotanshinone inhibits STAT3 with an IC50 of 4.6 μM.
    Cryptotanshinone
  • HY-B2163
    Astaxanthin 472-61-7
    Astaxanthin, the red dietary carotenoid, is an orally effective and potent antioxidant. Astaxanthin inhibits NF-κB and down-regulates VEGF in blood glucose. Astaxanthin exerts anti-cancer cell proliferation, increases apoptosis, impairs migration and invasion by activating PPARγ and reducing the expression of STAT3. Astaxanthin also has neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory activity and can be used in studies of cancer, diabetic retinopathy, cardiovascular disease, and in the coloring of animal feed[1][2][3][4][5].
    Astaxanthin