1. Metabolic Disease

Metabolic Disease

Metabolic diseases is defined by a constellation of interconnected physiological, biochemical, clinical, and metabolic factors that directly increases the risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and all cause mortality. Associated conditions include hyperuricemia, fatty liver (especially in concurrent obesity) progressing to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, polycystic ovarian syndrome (in women), erectile dysfunction (in men), and acanthosis nigricans. Metabolic disease modeling is an essential component of biomedical research and a mandatory prerequisite for the treatment of human disease. Somatic genome editing using CRISPR/Cas9 might be used to establish novel metabolic disease models.

Metabolic Disease Related Products (6272):

Cat. No. Product Name CAS No. Purity Chemical Structure
  • HY-10182
    Laduviglusib 252917-06-9
    Laduviglusib (CHIR-99021) is a potent, selective and orally active GSK-3α/β inhibitor with IC50s of 10 nM and 6.7 nM. Laduviglusib shows >500-fold selectivity for GSK-3 over CDC2, ERK2 and other protein kinases. Laduviglusib is also a potent Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway activator. Laduviglusib enhances mouse and human embryonic stem cells self-renewal. Laduviglusib induces autophagy[1][2][3].
    Laduviglusib
  • HY-15371
    Forskolin 66575-29-9
    Forskolin (Coleonol) is a potent adenylate cyclase activator with an IC50 of 41 nM and an EC50 of 0.5 μM for type I adenylyl cyclase[1]. Forskolin is also an inducer of intracellular cAMP formation[2]. Forskolin induces differentiation of various cell types and activates pregnane X receptor (PXR) and FXR[3]. Forskolin exerts a inotropic effect on the heart, and has platelet antiaggregatory and antihypertensive actions. Forskolin also induces autophagy[4][5].
    Forskolin
  • HY-B0988
    Deferoxamine mesylate 138-14-7
    Deferoxamine mesylate (Deferoxamine B mesylate) is an iron chelator (binds to Fe(III) and many other metal cations), is widely used to reduce iron accumulation and deposition in tissues. Deferoxamine mesylate upregulates HIF-1α levels with good antioxidant activity. Deferoxamine mesylate also shows anti-proliferative activity, can induce apoptosis and autophagy in cancer cells. Deferoxamine mesylate can be used in studies of diabetes, neurodegenerative diseases as well as anti-cancer and anti-COVID-19[1][2][3][4][5].
    Deferoxamine mesylate
  • HY-B2176
    ATP 56-65-5
    ATP (Adenosine 5'-triphosphate) is a central component of energy storage and metabolism in vivo. ATP provides the metabolic energy to drive metabolic pumps and serves as a coenzyme in cells. ATP is an important endogenous signaling molecule in immunity and inflammation[1][2].
    ATP
  • HY-P0035
    Insulin (human) 11061-68-0
    Insulin (human) is a polypeptide hormone that regulates the level of glucose.
    Insulin (human)
  • HY-B0627
    Metformin 657-24-9
    Metformin (1,1-Dimethylbiguanide) inhibits the mitochondrial respiratory chain in the liver, leading to activation of AMPK, enhancing insulin sensitivity for type 2 diabetes research. Metformin can cross the blood-brain barrier and triggers autophagy[1].
    Metformin
  • HY-17386
    Rosiglitazone 122320-73-4 99.90%
    Rosiglitazone (BRL 49653) is an orally active selective PPARγ agonist (EC50: 60 nM, Kd: 40 nM). Rosiglitazone is an TRPC5 activator (EC50: 30 μM) and TRPM3 inhibitor. Rosiglitazone can be used in the research of obesity and diabetes, senescence, ovarian cancer[1][2][4][7].
    Rosiglitazone
  • HY-B0240
    Disulfiram 97-77-8
    Disulfiram (Tetraethylthiuram disulfide) is a specific inhibitor of aldehyde-dehydrogenase (ALDH1), used for the treatment of chronic alcoholism by producing an acute sensitivity to alcohol. Disulfiram inhibits gasdermin D (GSDMD) pore formation in liposomes and inflammasome-mediated pyroptosis and IL-1β secretion in human and mouse cells. Disulfiram, a copper ion carrier, with Cu2+ increases intracellular ROS levels and induces cuproptosis[1][2][3][4][5][6].
    Disulfiram
  • HY-N0830
    Palmitic acid 57-10-3
    Palmitic acid is a long-chain saturated fatty acid commonly found in both animals and plants. PA can induce the expression of glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) and CCAAT/enhancer binding protein homologous protein (CHOP) in in mouse granulosa cells. Palmitic acid is used to establish a cell steatosis model[1][2].
    Palmitic acid
  • HY-B0166
    L-Ascorbic acid 50-81-7
    L-Ascorbic acid (L-Ascorbate), an electron donor, is an endogenous antioxidant agent. L-Ascorbic acid inhibits selectively Cav3.2 channels with an IC50 of 6.5 μM. L-Ascorbic acid is also a collagen deposition enhancer and an elastogenesis inhibitor[1][2][3]. L-Ascorbic acid exhibits anti-cancer effects through the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and selective damage to cancer cells[4].
    L-Ascorbic acid
  • HY-50202
    Etomoxir 124083-20-1 99.92%
    Etomoxir ((R)-(+)-Etomoxir) is an irreversible inhibitor of carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1a (CPT-1a), inhibits fatty acid oxidation (FAO) through CPT-1a and inhibits palmitate β-oxidation in human, rat and guinea pig.
    Etomoxir
  • HY-A0190
    Ceruletide 17650-98-5
    Ceruletide is a decapeptide and a potent cholecystokinin receptor agonist. Ceruletide is a safe and effective cholecystokinetic agent with a direct spasmogenic effect on the gallbladder muscle and bile ducts[1].
    Ceruletide
  • HY-15409
    Empagliflozin 864070-44-0
    Empagliflozin (BI 107730 is a selective sodium glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitor with an IC50 of 3.1 nM for human SGLT-2[1].
    Empagliflozin
  • HY-B2227B
    Lactate sodium 72-17-3
    Lactate (Lactic acid) sodium is the product of glycogenolysis and glycolysis[1]. Lactate (Lactic acid) sodium is an organic salt that is mainly used as a buffer and pH adjuster for injection solutions. Lactate sodium can be metabolized by the body into sodium bicarbonate, which in turn acts to increase the pH of the blood. Lactate sodium is used to improve metabolic acidosis and hypovolemic states. In terms of pharmaceutical preparations, Lactate sodium is often used in combination with sodium chloride, glucose, etc. to form normal saline or compound liquid intravenous injection[2][3][4][5]. Lactate sodium also has antimicrobial activity, which can be used as a food preservative[6].
    Lactate sodium
  • HY-P1156
    Insulin(cattle) 11070-73-8
    Insulin cattle is a two-chain polypeptide hormone produced in vivo in the pancreatic β cells. Insulin cattle has often been used as growth supplement in culturing cells.
    Insulin(cattle)
  • HY-10585
    Valproic acid 99-66-1
    Valproic acid (VPA) is an orally active HDAC inhibitor, with IC50 in the range of 0.5 and 2 mM, also inhibits HDAC1 (IC50, 400 μM), and induces proteasomal degradation of HDAC2. Valproic acid activates Notch1 signaling and inhibits proliferation in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cells. Valproic acid is used in the treatment of epilepsy, bipolar disorder, metabolic disease, HIV infection and prevention of migraine headaches[1][2][3][4][5][6][7].
    Valproic acid
  • HY-10450
    Dapagliflozin 461432-26-8
    Dapagliflozin (BMS-512148), a new type of agent used to treat diabetes mellitus (DM), is a competitive sodium/glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor, which results in excretion of glucose into the urine[1]. Dapagliflozin induces HIF1 expression and attenuates renal IR injury[2].
    Dapagliflozin
  • HY-N1446
    Oleic acid 112-80-1
    Oleic acid (9-cis-Octadecenoic acid) is an abundant monounsaturated fatty acid[1]. Oleic acid is a Na+/K+ ATPase activator[2].
    Oleic acid
  • HY-114118
    Semaglutide 910463-68-2
    Semaglutide, a long-acting GLP-1 analogue, is a glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist. Semaglutide has the potential for type 2 diabetes treatment.
    Semaglutide
  • HY-100116A
    Mitoquinone mesylate 845959-50-4 99.09%
    Mitoquinone mesylate is a TPP-based, mitochondrially targeted antioxidant in order to protect against oxidative damage[1].
    Mitoquinone mesylate