1. Neurological Disease

Neurological Disease

A range of neurological disorders, including epilepsy and dystonia, may involve dysfunctional intracortical inhibition, and may respond to treatments that modify it. Parkinson’s is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by increased activity of GABA in basal ganglia and the loss of dopamine in nigrostriatum, associated with rigidity, resting tremor, gait with accelerating steps, and fixed inexpressive face. Neurological deficits, along with neuromuscular involvement, are characteristic of mitochondrial disease, and these symptoms can have a dramatic impact on patient quality of life. Neurological features may be manifold, ranging from neural deafness, ataxia, peripheral neuropathy, migraine, seizures, stroke‐like episodes and dementia and depend on the part of the nervous system affected.

Neurological Disease Related Products (3009):

Cat. No. Product Name CAS No. Purity Chemical Structure
  • HY-B0215
    Acetylcysteine 616-91-1 >98.0%
    Acetylcysteine (N-Acetylcysteine) is a mucolytic agent which reduces the thickness of the mucus. Acetylcysteine is a ROS inhibitor[1]. Acetylcysteine is a cysteine precursor, prevents hemin-induced ferroptosis by neutralizing toxic lipids generated by arachidonate-dependent activity of 5-lipoxygenases[5]. Acetylcysteine induces cell apoptosis[2][3]. Acetylcysteine also has anti-influenza virus activities[7].
    Acetylcysteine
  • HY-13027
    DAPT 208255-80-5 99.97%
    DAPT (GSI-IX) is a potent and orally active γ-secretase inhibitor with IC50s of 115 nM and 200 nM for total amyloid-β (Aβ) and 42, respectively. DAPT inhibits the activation of Notch 1 signaling and induces cell differentiation. DAPT also induces autophagy and apoptosis. DAPT has neuroprotection activity and has the potential for autoimmune and lymphoproliferative diseases, degenerative disease and cancers treatment[1][2].
    DAPT
  • HY-B1756
    Rotenone 83-79-4 99.64%
    Rotenone is an mitochondrial electron transport chain complex I inhibitor. Rotenone induces apoptosis through enhancing mitochondrial reactive oxygen species production.
    Rotenone
  • HY-17386
    Rosiglitazone 122320-73-4 99.54%
    Rosiglitazone (BRL 49653) is a selective, orally active PPARγ agonist with EC50s of 30 nM, 100 nM and 60 nM for PPARγ1, PPARγ2, and PPARγ, respectively. Rosiglitazone binds to PPARγ with a Kd of approximately 40 nM. Rosiglitazone is also an activator of TRPC5 (EC50=~30 μM) and an inhibitor of TRPM3[1][2][3][4].
    Rosiglitazone
  • HY-10295
    SB 202190 152121-30-7 99.89%
    SB 202190 is a selective p38 MAP kinase inhibitor with IC50s of 50 nM and 100 nM for p38α and p38β2, respectively. SB 202190 binds to the ATP pocket of the active recombinant human p38 kinase with a Kd of 38 nM. SB 202190 has anti-cancer activity and rescued memory deficits[1][2][3].
    SB 202190
  • HY-B0075
    Melatonin 73-31-4 99.47%
    Melatonin is a hormone made by the pineal gland that can activates melatonin receptor. Melatonin plays a role in sleep and possesses important antioxidative and anti-inflammatory properties[1][2][3]. Melatonin is a novel selective ATF-6 inhibitor and induces human hepatoma cell apoptosis through COX-2 downregulation[4]. Melatonin attenuates palmitic acid-induced (HY-N0830) mouse granulosa cells apoptosis via endoplasmic reticulum stress[5].
    Melatonin
  • HY-18749
    SC79 305834-79-1 >98.0%
    SC79, a unique specific and BBB permeable Akt activator, activates Akt in the cytosol and inhibits Akt membrane translocation. SC79 specifically binds to the PH domain of Akt[1][2][3].
    SC79
  • HY-17366
    Clozapine N-oxide 34233-69-7 99.98%
    Clozapine N-oxide is a major metabolite of Clozapine and a human muscarinic designer receptors (DREADDs) agonist. Clozapine N-oxide specifically activates the DREADD receptor hM3Dq. Clozapine N-oxide can cross the blood-brain barrier[1][2][3]. Clozapine is a potent dopamine antagonist and also a potent and selective muscarinic M4 receptor (EC50=11 nM) agonist[4][5].
    Clozapine N-oxide
  • HY-15608
    MPTP hydrochloride 23007-85-4 99.62%
    MPTP hydrochloride is a brain penetrant dopamine neurotoxin, inducing Parkinson’s Disease. MPTP hydrochloride, a precusor of MPP+, induces apoptosis[1][2][3].
    MPTP hydrochloride
  • HY-B0150
    Nicotinamide 98-92-0 99.86%
    Nicotinamide is a form of vitamin B3 that plays essential roles in cell physiology through facilitating NAD+ redox homeostasis and providing NAD+ as a substrate to a class of enzymes that catalyze non-redox reactions. Nicotinamide is an inhibitor of SIRT1.
    Nicotinamide
  • HY-B0407A
    Chlorpromazine hydrochloride 69-09-0 99.90%
    Chlorpromazine Hydrochloride is an antagonist of the dopamine D2, 5HT2A, potassium channel and sodium channel. Chlorpromazine binds with D2 and 5HT2A with Kis of 363 nM and 8.3 nM, respectively.
    Chlorpromazine hydrochloride
  • HY-100965
    Diphenyleneiodonium chloride 4673-26-1 99.87%
    Diphenyleneiodonium chloride is a NADPH oxidase (NOX) inhibitor and also functions as a TRPA1 activator with an EC50 of 1 to 3 μM. Diphenyleneiodonium chloride selectively inhibits intracellular reactive oxygen species.
    Diphenyleneiodonium chloride
  • HY-100229
    Aloxistatin 88321-09-9 99.55%
    Aloxistatin (E64d) is a cell-permeable and irreversible broad-spectrum cysteine protease inhibitor. Aloxistatin (E64d) exhibits entry-blocking effect for MERS-CoV.
    Aloxistatin
  • HY-42110
    Deschloroclozapine 1977-07-7 99.79%
    Deschloroclozapine is a potent, high affinity, selective, metabolically stable agonist of muscarinic-based DREADDs. Deschloroclozapine inhibites [3H]quinuclidinyl benzilate (QNB) binding to hM3Dq and hM4Di with Ki of 6.3 and 4.2 nM. Deschloroclozapine is reported with utility in both mice and non-human primates for a variety of applications[1].
    Deschloroclozapine
  • HY-13951
    ICI 118,551 hydrochloride 72795-01-8 99.64%
    ICI 118,551 (hydrochloride) is a highly selective β2 adrenergic receptor antagonist, with Kis of 0.7, 49.5 and 611 nM for β2, β1 and β3 receptors, respectively.
    ICI 118,551 hydrochloride
  • HY-P0128
    β-Amyloid (25-35) 131602-53-4
    β-Amyloid (25-35) (Amyloid beta-peptide (25-35)) is the fragment Aβ(25-35) of the Alzheimer's amyloid β-peptide, has shown neurotoxic activities in cultured cells[1].
    β-Amyloid (25-35)
  • HY-B0726
    Pilocarpine Hydrochloride 54-71-7 99.92%
    Pilocarpine Hydrochloride is a selective M3-type muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (M3 muscarinic receptor) agonist.
    Pilocarpine Hydrochloride
  • HY-B0102A
    Fluoxetine hydrochloride 56296-78-7 99.84%
    Fluoxetine hydrochloride (LY 110140) is an antidepressant and a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor.
    Fluoxetine hydrochloride
  • HY-114153
    PLX5622 1303420-67-8 99.86%
    PLX5622 is a highly selective brain penetrant and oral active CSF1R inhibitor with an Ki of 5.9 nM, for extended and specific microglial elimination, preceding and during pathology development. PLX5622 demonstrates desirable PK properties in varies animals[1][2].
    PLX5622
  • HY-13750
    Ebselen 60940-34-3 99.58%
    Ebselen (SPI-1005), a glutathione peroxidase mimetic, is a potent voltage-dependent calcium channel (VDCC) blocker[1][2]. Ebselen potently inhibits Mpro (IC50=0.67 μM) and COVID-19 virus (EC50=4.67 μM)[3].Ebselen is an inhibitor of HIV-1 capsid CTD dimerization. Ebselen, an organoselenium compound, can permeate the blood-brain barrier and has anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anticancer activity[4][5].
    Ebselen