1. GPCR/G Protein
  2. Adenosine Receptor

Adenosine Receptor

Adenosine receptors (ARs) comprise a group of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCR) which mediate the physiological actions of adenosine. To date, four AR subtypes have been cloned and identified in different tissues. These receptors have distinct localization, signal transduction pathways and different means of regulation upon exposure to agonists. A key property of some of Adenosine receptors is their ability to serve as sensors of cellular oxidative stress, which is transmitted by transcription factors, such as NF-κB, to regulate the expression of ARs. The importance of Adenosine receptors in the regulation of normal and pathological processes such as sleep, the development of cancers and in protection against hearing loss will be examined.

Adenosine Receptor Related Products (209):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-N0092
    Inosine Agonist
    Inosine is an endogenous purine nucleoside produced by catabolism of adenosine. Inosine has anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive, immunomodulatory and neuroprotective effects. Inosine is an agonist for adenosine A1 (A1R) and A2A (A2AR) receptors[1][2][3].
  • HY-103173
    5'-N-Ethylcarboxamidoadenosine Agonist
    5'-N-Ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (NECA) is a nonselective adenosine receptor agonist.
  • HY-19532
    ZM241385 Antagonist 99.26%
    ZM241385 is a potent, high affinity and selective adenosine A2a receptor (A2AR) antagonist with a Ki value of 1.4 nM[1][2][3].
  • HY-13201A
    CGS 21680 Hydrochloride Agonist
    CGS 21680 Hydrochloride is a selective adenosine A2A receptor agonist with a Ki of 27 nM.
  • HY-B0809
    Theophylline Inhibitor 99.89%
    Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) is a potent phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitor, adenosine receptor antagonist, and histone deacetylase (HDAC) activator. Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) inhibits PDE3 activity to relax airway smooth muscle. Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) has anti-inflammatory activity by increase IL-10 and inhibit NF-κB into the nucleus. Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) induces apoptosis. Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) can be used for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) research[1][2][3][4][5].
  • HY-19532S
    ZM241385-d7 Antagonist
    ZM241385-d7 is a deuterated form of ZM241385 (HY-19532). ZM241385 is a potent, high affinity and selective adenosine A2a receptor (A2AR) antagonist with a Ki value of 1.4 nM[1][2][3].
  • HY-158180
    A3AR agonist 4 Agonist
    A3AR agonist 4 is an A3 adenosine receptor (A3AR) agonist (Ki: 1.24 nM for hA3AR). A3AR agonist 4 inhibits cAMP production with an EC50 of 0.17 nM. A3AR agonist 4 can be used for research of inflammation and pain[1].
  • HY-134555
    A3AR antagonist 4 Antagonist
    A3AR antagonist 4 (Compd 1) is an A3AR antagonist, with Ki values of 30.8 nM (hA3) and 203 nM (hA1), repectively. A3AR antagonist 4 (Compd 1) can be used for the study of cerebral ischemia[1].
  • HY-146479
    A1/A3 AR antagonist 2
    The compound is an a1/a3 adenosine receptor antagonist, which helps to research (neurological) inflammatory diseases.
  • HY-147908
    Adenosine receptor inhibitor 2 Inhibitor
    Adenosine receptor inhibitor 2 (compound 14b) is a potent AR (adenosine receptor) inhibitor. Adenosine receptor inhibitor 2 shows dual affinity toward A1/A2A ARs with higher affinity for the A1- than the A2AAR. Adenosine receptor inhibitor 2 has Ki values of 52.2 nM for the A1AR and 167 nM for the A2AAR[1].
  • HY-102024
    A2A receptor antagonist 1 Antagonist 99.96%
    A2A receptor antagonist 1 (CPI-444 analog) is an antagonist of both adenosine A2A receptor and A1 receptor with Ki values of 4 and 264 nM, respectively[1].
  • HY-107909
    Theophylline sodium glycinate Inhibitor
    Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) sodium glycinate is a potent phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitor, adenosine receptor antagonist, and histone deacetylase (HDAC) activator. Theophylline sodium glycinate inhibits PDE3 activity to relax airway smooth muscle. Theophylline sodium glycinate has anti-inflammatory activity by increase IL-10 and inhibit NF-κB into the nucleus. Theophylline sodium glycinate induces apoptosis. Theophylline sodium glycinate can be used for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) research[1][2][3][4][5].
  • HY-106199
    Adenosine A1 receptor activator T62 Activator
    Adenosine A1 receptor activator T62 is an allosteric enhancer of adenosine A1 receptor. Adenosine A1 receptor activator T62 produces antinociception in animal models of acute pain and also reduces hypersensitivity in models of inflammatory and nerve-injury pain[1][2][3].
  • HY-155183
    A3AR agonist 1 Agonist
    A3AR agonist 1 (Compound 12) is an A3AR agonist (Ki: 25.8 nM). A3AR agonist 1 stimulates β-arrestin2 recruitment, with an EC50 value of 5.17 nM. A3AR agonist 1 can be used for research of inflammatory diseases, ischemia, cancer, neuropathic pain, liver diseases, etc[1].
  • HY-B1505
    Acefylline Antagonist 99.96%
    Acefylline, a xanthine derivative, is an adenosine receptor antagonist. Acefylline is a peptidylarginine deiminase (PAD) activator. Acefylline is also a bronchodilator and cardiac stimulant that inhibits rat lung cAMP phosphodiesterase isoenzymes. Acefylline can be used in asthma research[1][2][3].
  • HY-18978
    GR79236 Agonist 99.79%
    GR79236 is a highly potent, selective and orally active adenosine A1 receptor agonist with a Kis of 3.1 nM and 1300 nM for A1 and A2 receptors, respectively. GR79236 has anti-nociceptive and anti-inflammatory actions[1][2].
  • HY-116675
    Sulmazole
    Sulmazole is a cardiotonic agent. Sulmazole has competitive inhibitory for A1 adenosine receptor. Sulmazole can improve cardiac index and reduce pulmonary capillary wedge pressure[1].
  • HY-100937
    DPCPX Antagonist 99.02%
    DPCPX (PD 116948), a xanthine derivative, is a highly potent and selective Adenosine A1 receptor antagonist, with a Ki of 0.46 nM in 3H-CHA binding to A1 receptors in rat whole brain membranes[1][2][3].
  • HY-13201
    CGS 21680 Agonist
    CGS 21680 is a selective adenosine A2A receptor agonist, with a Ki of 27 nM.
  • HY-100274
    Adenosine antagonist-1 Antagonist 99.79%
    Adenosine antagonist-1 is an adenosine A3 receptor (AA3R) antagonist.