1. Immunology/Inflammation
  2. COX

COX

Cyclooxygenase (COX), officially known as prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase (PTGS), is an enzyme that is responsible for formation of important biological mediators called prostanoids, including prostaglandins, prostacyclin and thromboxane. Pharmacological inhibition of COX can provide relief from the symptoms of inflammation and pain. Drugs, like Aspirin, that inhibit cyclooxygenase activity have been available to the public for about 100 years. Two cyclooxygenase isoforms have been identified and are referred to as COX-1 and COX-2. Under many circumstances the COX-1 enzyme is produced constitutively (i.e., gastric mucosa) whereas COX-2 is inducible (i.e., sites of inflammation). Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID), such as aspirin and ibuprofen, exert their effects through inhibition of COX. The main COX inhibitors are the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

COX Related Products (564):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-14398
    Celecoxib Inhibitor 99.09%
    Celecoxib,a selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), is a selective COX-2 inhibitor with an IC50 of 40 nM.
  • HY-101840
    EIPA Inhibitor
    EIPA (L593754) is an orally active TRPP3 channel inhibitor with an IC50 of 10.5 μM. EIPA also enhances autophagy by inhibiting Na+/H+-exchanger 3 (NHE3). EIPA inhibits macropinocytosis as well. EIPA can be used in the research of inflammation and cancers, such as gastric cancer, colon carcinoma, pancreatic carcinoma[1][2][3][4][5][6][7].
  • HY-66005
    Acetaminophen Inhibitor 99.98%
    Acetaminophen (Paracetamol) is a selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor with an IC50 of 25.8 μM; is a widely used antipyretic and analgesic agent.[1][2][3]. Acetaminophen is a potent hepatic N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) inhibitor[4]. Acetaminophen induces ferroptosis and leads to acute liver injury in mice model[5].
  • HY-14654
    Aspirin Inhibitor
    Aspirin (Acetylsalicylic Acid) is an orally active, potent and irreversible inhibitor of cyclooxygenase COX-1 and COX-2, with IC50 values of 5 and 210 μg/mL, respectively. Aspirin induces apoptosis. Aspirin inhibits the activation of NF-κB. Aspirin also inhibits platelet prostaglandin synthetase, and can prevent coronary artery and cerebrovascular thrombosis[1][2][3][4][5][6].
  • HY-14397
    Indomethacin Inhibitor 99.94%
    Indomethacin (Indometacin) is a potent, orally active COX1/2 inhibitor with IC50 values of 18 nM and 26 nM for COX-1 and COX-2, respectively. Indomethacin has anticancer activity and anti-infective activity. Indomethacin can be used for cancer, inflammation and viral infection research[1][2][3].
  • HY-161513
    iNOS/COX-2-IN-1 Inhibitor
    iNOS/COX-2-IN-1 (Compound 12e) is an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). iNOS/COX-2-IN-1 inhibits the NF-κB and MAPKs signaling pathways and thus exerts anti-inflammatory effects[1].
  • HY-118078S
    Robenacoxib-d5 Inhibitor
    Robenacoxib-d5 is deuterium-labeled Robenacoxib (HY-118078)[1].
  • HY-W010037
    2-(tert-Butyl)-4-methoxyphenol Inhibitor
    2-tert-Butyl-4-methoxyphenol is a major component of Butylhydroxyanisole (BHA) (HY-B1066). 2-tert-Butyl-4-methoxyphenol is an antioxidant agent, that inhibits expression of Cox2 and Tnfa genes upon stimulation with Lipopolysaccharides (HY-D1056). 2-tert-Butyl-4-methoxyphenol exhibits anti-inflammatory activity, combined with 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol (BHT)[1].
  • HY-155768
    COX-1/2-IN-5 Inhibitor
    COX-1/2-IN-5 (compound 2a) is a dual inhibitor of COX1/2 (IC50=2.650 μM, 0.958 μM), with anticancer activity. COX-1/2-IN-5 inhibits liver cancer HepG2 with an IC50 of 60.75 μM[1].
  • HY-N7148
    γ-Tocopherol Inhibitor
    γ-Tocopherol (D-γ-Tocopherol) is a potent cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitor. γ-Tocopherol is a naturally occurring form of Vitamin E in many plant seeds, such as corn oil and soybeans. γ-Tocopherol possesses antiinflammatory properties and anti-cancer activity[1].
  • HY-B0482
    Acemetacin Inhibitor 99.97%
    Acemetacin (TVX 1322) is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug and a glycolic acid ester of indometacin that is a cyclooxygenase inhibitor.
  • HY-150553
    COX-2-IN-28 Inhibitor
    COX-2-IN-28 is a potent and selective COX-2 inhibitor with IC50 values of 0.054, 2.14, 13.21 µM for COX-2, 15-LOX, COX-1,respectively[1].
  • HY-B0559
    Nabumetone Inhibitor 99.90%
    Nabumetone is an orally active non-acidic anti-inflammatory agent, acts as a potent and selective COX-2 inhibitor, and is the proagent of the active metabolite 6MNA.
  • HY-118639
    CP-74006 Inhibitor
    CP-74006 (compound11h) is a selective Cyclooxygenase-1 inhibitor[1].
  • HY-18342R
    Diflunisal (Standard) Inhibitor
    Diflunisal (Standard) is the analytical standard of Diflunisal. This product is intended for research and analytical applications. Diflunisal (MK-647) is a salicylate derivative with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory and uricosuric properties, which is used alone as an analgesic and in rheumatoid arthritis patients. The mechanism of action of diflunisal is as a Cyclooxygenase (COX) Inhibitor.
  • HY-100586
    Ibuprofen L-lysine Inhibitor
    Ibuprofen ((±)-Ibuprofen) L-lysine is a potent orally active, selective COX-1 inhibitor with an IC50 value of 13 μM. Ibuprofen L-lysine inhibits cell proliferation, angiogenesis, and induces cell apoptosis. Ibuprofen L-lysine is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent and a nitric oxide (NO) donor. Ibuprofen L-lysine can be used in the research of pain, swelling, inflammation, infection, immunology, cancers[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8].
  • HY-13568
    Benoxaprofen Inhibitor
    Benoxaprofen (LRCL 3794) is a potent and long-acting anti-inflammatory and antipyretic compound. Benoxaprofen is a relatively weak inhibitor of cyclooxygenase in in vitro systems, inhibits lipoxygenase in other systems, and inhibits monocyte migration in some animal models of inflammation[1][2].
  • HY-20808
    Antioxidant agent-15 Inhibitor
    Antioxidant agent-15 (Compound 4) is a potent antioxidant inhibition activity, with the IC50 of 15.44 nM. Antioxidant agent-15 inhibits tumor cell growth in Hela, Hep G2 and Caco-2 cells, with the IC50 of 395.26, 400.4 and 24.6 nM, respectively[1].
  • HY-Y0189
    Methyl Salicylate Inhibitor 99.98%
    Methyl Salicylate (Wintergreen oil) is a topical analgesic and anti-inflammatory agent. Also used as a pesticide, a denaturant, a fragrance ingredient, and a flavoring agent in food and tobacco products[1]. A systemic acquired resistance (SAR) signal in tobacco[2]. A topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent (NSAID). Methyl salicylate lactoside is a COX inhibitor[4].
  • HY-15321S
    Etoricoxib-d4 98.93%
    Etoricoxib-d4 is a deuterium labeled Etoricoxib. Etoricoxib is a non steroidal anti-inflammatory agent, acting as a selective and orally active COX-2 inhibitor, with IC50s of 1.1 μM and 116 μM for COX-2 and COX-1 in human whole blood.