1. Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
  2. Carbonic Anhydrase

Carbonic Anhydrase

Carbonic anhydrase (CA) is a zinc-containing enzyme that catalyzes the reversible hydration of carbon dioxide: CO2 + H2O ⇋ HCO3- + H+. Eight genetically distinct carbonic anhydrase enzyme families (α-, β-, γ- δ-, ζ-, η-, θ- and ι- CAs) were described to date. Carbonic anhydrases are involved in numerous physiological and pathological processes. Many of them are important therapeutic targets with the potential to be inhibited to treat a range of disorders including oedema, glaucoma, obesity, cancer, epilepsy, and osteoporosis.

The carbonic anhydrase reaction is involved in many physiological and pathological processes, including respiration and transport of CO2 and bicarbonate between metabolizing tissues and lungs; pH and CO2 homeostasis; electrolyte secretion in various tissues and organs; biosynthetic reactions (such as gluconeogenesis, lipogenesis, and ureagenesis); bone resorption; calcification; and tumorigenicity. α-CAs are Zn2+ metalloproteins expressed in animals, vertebrates, prokaryotes, fungi, algae, protozoa, and plants. Sixteen mammalian α-CA isoforms are known to be involved in many diseases such as glaucoma, edema, epilepsy, obesity, hypoxic tumors, neuropathic pain, arthritis, neurodegeneration, etc.

Carbonic Anhydrase Related Products (172):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-B1480
    Ethoxzolamide Inhibitor 99.43%
    Ethoxzolamide is a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor with Ki of 1 nM.
  • HY-B0553
    Methazolamide Inhibitor 99.43%
    Methazolamide (L584601) is a sulfonamide derivative used as a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor with a Ki of 14 nM for human carbonic anhydrase II. Methazolamide, an intraocular pressure-lowering agent, reduces intraocular pressure elevations associated with glaucoma and other ocular disorders[1][2].
  • HY-B0782
    Acetazolamide Inhibitor 99.89%
    Acetazolamide is a carbonic anhydrase (CA) IX inhibitor with an IC50 of 30 nM for hCA IX. Acetazolamide has diuretic, antihypertensive and anti-gonococcal activities[1][4][5][6].
  • HY-13650
    Indisulam Inhibitor
    Indisulam (E 7070) is a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor with anticancer activity. Indisulam (E 7070) is a sulfonamide agent that targets the G1 phase of the cell cycle. Indisulam (E 7070) causes a blockade in the G1/S transition through inhibition of the activation of both CDK2 and cyclin E. Indisulam (E 7070) targets splicing by inducing RBM39 degradation via recruitment to DCAF15[1][2].
  • HY-13513
    U-104 Inhibitor 99.95%
    U-104 (SLC-0111) is a potent carbonic anhydrase (CA) inhibitor for CA IX and CA XII with Ki values of 45.1 nM and 4.5 nM, respectively. U-104 shows a significant delay in tumor growth in mice model[1][2].
  • HY-132156
    Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor 22 Inhibitor
    Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor 22 (Compd 2g), a sulfonamide carbonic anhydrase inhibitor, with Ki values of 762 nM (hCA I), 20.3 nM (hCA II), 8.3 nM (hCA VII), 17.9 nM (hCA IX) and 10.5 nM (hCA XII), repectively[1].
  • HY-161507
    hCAI/II-IN-8 Inhibitor
    hCAI/II-IN-8 (Compound 8) is a hydrazide derivative based on 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde. hCAI/II-IN-8 primarily targets human carbonic anhydrase isomerase I (hCA I) and II (hCA II) for inhibition (IC50 = 21.35 ± 0.39 nM (hCA I); 7.12 ± 0.12 nM (hCA II)). hCAI/II-IN-8 inhibits AChE and BChE as well(IC50 = 46.27 ±0.75 nM (AChE); 43.38 ± 0.83 nM (BChE)). [1].[1].
  • HY-161374
    Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor 20 Inhibitor
    Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor 20 (compound 11) is an inhibitor of piperazinosulfonamide carbonic anhydrase (Carbonic Anhydrase). The Ki of Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor 20 for hCA I, hCA II, hCA IX, and hCA XII are 47.6 nM, 36.5 nM, 8.3 nM, and 2.7 nM respectively.[6][1].
  • HY-152140
    hCAII-IN-8 Inhibitor 99.41%
    hCAII-IN-8, an amide, is a highly selective carbonic anhydrase (CA) inhibitor with an IC50 value of 0.18 μM against hCA II[1].
  • HY-161322
    hCAXII-IN-9 Inhibitor
    hCAXII-IN-9 (Compound 3I) is a selective inhibitor of hCAXII with Ki values of 28 nM, 7192.6 nM, 188.6 nM, and >100000 nM for hCAXII, hCAI, hCAII, and hCAIX, respectively. hCAXII-IN-9 can be utilized in antitumor research[1].
  • HY-B1424
    Benzthiazide Inhibitor 99.70%
    Benzthiazide is a long-acting diuretic[1] and a hypertension agent. Benzthiazide is an inhibitor of carbonic anhydrase 9 (CA9), with Kis of 8.0, 8.8 and 10 nM for CA9, CA2 and CA1, respectively. Benzthiazide also suppresses proliferation of cancer cells[2].
  • HY-148135
    hCAI/II-IN-6 Inhibitor
    hCAI/II-IN-6 is an orally active human carbonic anhydrase (CA) inhibitor. hCAI/II-IN-6 selectively inhibits hCA II and hCA VII isoforms with Ki values of 220, 4.9, 6.5 and >50000 nM for hCA I, hCA II , hCA VII and hCA XII respectively. hCAI/II-IN-6 shows anticonvulsant activity and anti maximal electroshock (MES) activity in vivo. hCAI/II-IN-6 can be used for the research of epilepsy[1].
  • HY-147986
    hCA I-IN-2 Inhibitor
    hCA I-IN-2 (Compound 6d) is a selective human carbonic anhydrase I (hCA I) inhibitor with Ki values of 18.8, 375.1, 1721 and 283.9 nM against hCA I, hCA II, hCAIX and hCAXII, respectively[1].
  • HY-B0122A
    Topiramate lithium Inhibitor
    Topiramate (McN 4853) lithium is a broad-spectrum antiepileptic agent. Topiramate lithium is a GluR5 receptor antagonist. Topiramate produces its antiepileptic effects through enhancement of GABAergic activity, inhibition of kainate/AMPA receptors, inhibition of voltage-sensitive sodium and calcium channels, increases in potassium conductance, and inhibition of carbonic anhydrase[1][2][3].
  • HY-155522
    WES-1 Inhibitor
    WES-1 (Compound 8g) is an inhibitor of carbonic anhydrase IX (Ki: 55.9 μM). WES-1 has broad spectrum anti-proliferative activity against the cancer cells, such as leukemia (K-562 and MOLT-4), non-small cell lung cancer (NCI–H460), colon cancer (HCT 116 and HCT-15) and melanoma (LOX IMVI) cell lines[1].
  • HY-150695
    hCAIX/XII-IN-5 Inhibitor
    hCAIX/XII-IN-5 (Coumarin 9a) a carbonic anhydrase (CA) inhibitor, and exhibits excellent hCA IX/XII selectivity (Ki=93.9 and 85.7 nM, respectively) over hCA I and hCA II. hCAIX/XII-IN-5 shows anti-proliferative activities to cancer cells. hCAIX/XII-IN-5 can delay cell cycle and induce apoptosis[1].
  • HY-155271
    hCAXII-IN-7 Inhibitor
    hCAXII-IN-7 (compound 6e) is a hCA XII inhibitor. hCAXII-IN-7 has BBB permeability. hCAXII-IN-7 induces 786-0, SF-539 and HS 578 T cells apoptotic[1].
  • HY-161174
    Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor 17 Inhibitor
    Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor 17 (compound 7c) ,pyridazine-tethered sulfonamide, is a carbonic anhydrase II inhibitor with IC50 of 0.63 nM[1].
  • HY-150573
    CDK2-IN-12 Inhibitor
    CDK2-IN-12 (compound 10b) is a potent CDK2 inhibitor, with an IC50 of 11.6 μM. CDK2-IN-12 inhibits hCA (carbonic anhydrase) isoforms I, II, IX and XII, with KI values of 3534, 638.4, 44.3, and 48.8 nM. CDK2-IN-12 shows anticancer activity[1].
  • HY-157462
    FC14-584B Inhibitor
    FC14-584B, a dithiocarbamate, is a β-Carbonic Anhydrase inhibitor. FC14-584B inhibits the growth of trophozoites. FC14-584B can be used for the research of tuberculosis[1].