1. Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
  2. Carbonic Anhydrase

Carbonic Anhydrase

Carbonic anhydrase (CA) is a zinc-containing enzyme that catalyzes the reversible hydration of carbon dioxide: CO2 + H2O ⇋ HCO3- + H+. Eight genetically distinct carbonic anhydrase enzyme families (α-, β-, γ- δ-, ζ-, η-, θ- and ι- CAs) were described to date. Carbonic anhydrases are involved in numerous physiological and pathological processes. Many of them are important therapeutic targets with the potential to be inhibited to treat a range of disorders including oedema, glaucoma, obesity, cancer, epilepsy, and osteoporosis.

The carbonic anhydrase reaction is involved in many physiological and pathological processes, including respiration and transport of CO2 and bicarbonate between metabolizing tissues and lungs; pH and CO2 homeostasis; electrolyte secretion in various tissues and organs; biosynthetic reactions (such as gluconeogenesis, lipogenesis, and ureagenesis); bone resorption; calcification; and tumorigenicity. α-CAs are Zn2+ metalloproteins expressed in animals, vertebrates, prokaryotes, fungi, algae, protozoa, and plants. Sixteen mammalian α-CA isoforms are known to be involved in many diseases such as glaucoma, edema, epilepsy, obesity, hypoxic tumors, neuropathic pain, arthritis, neurodegeneration, etc.

Carbonic Anhydrase Related Products (120):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-B1480
    Ethoxzolamide Inhibitor 99.43%
    Ethoxzolamide is a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor with Ki of 1 nM.
  • HY-B0553
    Methazolamide Inhibitor 99.43%
    Methazolamide (L584601) is a sulfonamide derivative used as a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor with a Ki of 14 nM for human carbonic anhydrase II. Methazolamide, an intraocular pressure-lowering agent, reduces intraocular pressure elevations associated with glaucoma and other ocular disorders[1][2].
  • HY-B0782
    Acetazolamide Inhibitor 99.89%
    Acetazolamide is a carbonic anhydrase (CA) IX inhibitor with an IC50 of 30 nM for hCA IX. Acetazolamide has diuretic, antihypertensive and anti-gonococcal activities[1][4][5][6].
  • HY-13650
    Indisulam Inhibitor
    Indisulam (E 7070) is a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor with anticancer activity. Indisulam (E 7070) is a sulfonamide agent that targets the G1 phase of the cell cycle. Indisulam (E 7070) causes a blockade in the G1/S transition through inhibition of the activation of both CDK2 and cyclin E. Indisulam (E 7070) targets splicing by inducing RBM39 degradation via recruitment to DCAF15[1][2].
  • HY-13513
    U-104 Inhibitor 99.91%
    U-104 (SLC-0111) is a potent carbonic anhydrase (CA) inhibitor for CA IX and CA XII with Ki values of 45.1 nM and 4.5 nM, respectively. U-104 shows a significant delay in tumor growth in mice model[1][2].
  • HY-152140
    hCAII-IN-8 Inhibitor
    hCAII-IN-8, an amide, is a highly selective carbonic anhydrase (CA) inhibitor with an IC50 value of 0.18 μM against hCA II[1].
  • HY-152141
    hCAII-IN-9 Inhibitor
    hCAII-IN-9 is a potent carbonic anhydrase inhibitor with IC50s of 1.18 μM (hCA II), 0.17 μM (hCA IX), and 2.99 μM (hCA XII), respectively. hCAII-IN-9 has no blood-brain barrier permeability[1].
  • HY-B0588AS
    Brinzolamide-d5 hydrochloride
    Brinzolamide-d5 (hydrochloride) is the deuterium labeled Brinzolamide hydrochloride[1]. Brinzolamide (AL-4862) hydrochloride is a selective carbonic anhydrase II inhibitor with an IC50 value of 3.2 nM. Brinzolamide hydrochloride reduces intraocular pressure (IOP) by inhibiting ciliary CA-II and decreasing atrial fluid secretion. Brinzolamide hydrochloride can be used in glaucoma disease research[2][3].
  • HY-B1424
    Benzthiazide Inhibitor 99.70%
    Benzthiazide is a long-acting diuretic[1] and a hypertension agent. Benzthiazide is an inhibitor of carbonic anhydrase 9 (CA9), with Kis of 8.0, 8.8 and 10 nM for CA9, CA2 and CA1, respectively. Benzthiazide also suppresses proliferation of cancer cells[2].
  • HY-148135
    hCAI/II-IN-6 Inhibitor
    hCAI/II-IN-6 is an orally active human carbonic anhydrase (CA) inhibitor. hCAI/II-IN-6 selectively inhibits hCA II and hCA VII isoforms with Ki values of 220, 4.9, 6.5 and >50000 nM for hCA I, hCA II , hCA VII and hCA XII respectively. hCAI/II-IN-6 shows anticonvulsant activity and anti maximal electroshock (MES) activity in vivo. hCAI/II-IN-6 can be used for the research of epilepsy[1].
  • HY-147986
    hCA I-IN-2 Inhibitor
    hCA I-IN-2 (Compound 6d) is a selective human carbonic anhydrase I (hCA I) inhibitor with Ki values of 18.8, 375.1, 1721 and 283.9 nM against hCA I, hCA II, hCAIX and hCAXII, respectively[1].
  • HY-B0122A
    Topiramate lithium Inhibitor
    Topiramate (McN 4853) lithium is a broad-spectrum antiepileptic agent. Topiramate lithium is a GluR5 receptor antagonist. Topiramate produces its antiepileptic effects through enhancement of GABAergic activity, inhibition of kainate/AMPA receptors, inhibition of voltage-sensitive sodium and calcium channels, increases in potassium conductance, and inhibition of carbonic anhydrase[1][2][3].
  • HY-150695
    hCAIX/XII-IN-5 Inhibitor
    hCAIX/XII-IN-5 (Coumarin 9a) a carbonic anhydrase (CA) inhibitor, and exhibits excellent hCA IX/XII selectivity (Ki=93.9 and 85.7 nM, respectively) over hCA I and hCA II. hCAIX/XII-IN-5 shows anti-proliferative activities to cancer cells. hCAIX/XII-IN-5 can delay cell cycle and induce apoptosis[1].
  • HY-150573
    CDK2-IN-12 Inhibitor
    CDK2-IN-12 (compound 10b) is a potent CDK2 inhibitor, with an IC50 of 11.6 μM. CDK2-IN-12 inhibits hCA (carbonic anhydrase) isoforms I, II, IX and XII, with KI values of 3534, 638.4, 44.3, and 48.8 nM. CDK2-IN-12 shows anticancer activity[1].
  • HY-147828
    hCAIX-IN-11 Inhibitor
    hCAIX-IN-11 (Compound 5d) is a selective carbonic anhydrase IX and XII inhibitor with Ki s of 32.7 and 623.5 nM for hCA IX and hCA XII, respectively.  hCA IX and hCA XII are transmembrane isoforms which have been characterized as biomarkers for several types of tumors. The hCA XII assists in maintenance of acid-base homoeostasis in normal as well as tumor cells[1].
  • HY-151472
    hCAIX/XII-IN-6 Inhibitor
    hCAIX/XII-IN-6 is an orally active carbonic anhydrase (CA) inhibitor. hCAIX/XII-IN-6 inhibits human CA isoforms hCA I, II, IV, IX, and XII with Ki values of 6697 nM, 2950 nM, 4093 nM, 4.1 nM and 7.7 nM, respectively. hCAIX/XII-IN-6 can be used for the research of rheumatoid arthritis (RA)[1].
  • HY-147663
    Compounds 6B and 14g showed significant inhibitory effect on tumor related subtype HCA IX with low nanomolar potency, while 6K was effective on HCA XII. Compounds 6B, 14g and 6K can be considered as the leading molecules for the development of future cancer therapeutic drugs based on new mechanisms of action.
  • HY-146983
    hCAIX-IN-3 Inhibitor
    hCAII-IN-3 (compound 7e) is a potent and selective inhibitor of carbonic anhydrase (CA II/IX) with Kis of 124.2 and 30.5 nM, respectively. hCAII-IN-3 has the potential for the research of cancer diseases[1].
  • HY-150977
    β-Glucuronidase/hCAII-IN-2 Inhibitor
    β-Glucuronidase/hCAII-IN-2 (Compound 12e) is a potent β-glucuronidase and hCA II inhibitor with an IC50 of 670.7 μM and 21.77 μM, respectively[1].
  • HY-150976
    β-Glucuronidase/hCAII-IN-1 Inhibitor
    β-Glucuronidase/hCAII-IN-2 (Compound 12e) is a potent β-glucuronidase and hCA II inhibitor with an IC50 of 440.1 μM and 4.91 μM, respectively[1].