1. Apoptosis
  2. Caspase


Caspase is a family of cysteine proteases that play essential roles in apoptosis (programmed cell death), necrosis, and inflammation. There are two types of apoptotic caspases: initiator (apical) caspases and effector (executioner) caspases. Initiator caspases (e.g., CASP2, CASP8, CASP9, and CASP10) cleave inactive pro-forms of effector caspases, thereby activating them. Effector caspases (e.g., CASP3, CASP6, CASP7) in turn cleave other protein substrates within the cell, to trigger the apoptotic process. The initiation of this cascade reaction is regulated by caspase inhibitors. CASP4 and CASP5, which are overexpressed in some cases of vitiligo and associated autoimmune diseases caused by NALP1 variants, are not currently classified as initiator or effector in MeSH, because they are inflammatory enzymes that, in concert with CASP1, are involved in T-cell maturation.

Caspase Related Products (170):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-12305
    Q-VD-OPh Inhibitor 99.78%
    Q-VD-OPh is an irreversible pan-caspase inhibitor with potent antiapoptotic properties; inhibits caspase 7 with an IC50 of 48 nM and 25-400 nM for other caspases including caspase 1, 3, 8, 9, 10, and 12. Q-VD-OPh can inhibits HIV infection. Q-VD-OPh is able to cross the blood-brain barrier.
  • HY-16658B
    Z-VAD-FMK Inhibitor
    Z-VAD-FMK (Z-VAD(OH)-FMK) is a well-know pan caspase inhibitor, which does not inhibit ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCHL1) activity even at concentrations as high as 440 μM[1].
  • HY-13205
    Belnacasan Inhibitor 99.99%
    Belnacasan (VX-765) is an orally bioactive prodrug of VRT-043198, which is a potent and selective inhibitor of IL-converting enzyme (ICE)/caspase-1 with Kis of 0.8 nM and less than 0.6 nM for caspase-1 and caspase-4, respectively. Belnacasan (VX-765) inhibits the release of LPS-induced IL-1β and IL-18 by human PBMCs with an IC50 of ~0.7 μM[1][2].
  • HY-16658
    Z-VAD(OMe)-FMK Inhibitor
    Z-VAD(OMe)-FMK (Z-Val-Ala-Asp(OMe)-FMK) is a cell-permeable and irreversible pan-caspase inhibitor[1]. Z-VAD(OMe)-FMK is an ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCHL1) inhibitor. Z-VAD(OMe)-FMK irreversibly modifies UCHL1 by targeting the active site of UCHL1[2].
  • HY-12466
    Z-DEVD-FMK Inhibitor
    Z-DEVD-FMK is a specific and irreversible caspase-3 inhibitor with an IC50 of 18 μM[1].
  • HY-153068
    CZL55 Inhibitor
    CZL55 is a caspase-1 inhibitor with an IC50 value of 24 nM. CZL55 can be used for the research of febrile seizures (FS)[1].
  • HY-B0347S1
    Lacidipine-13C8 is the deuterium labeled Lacidipine[1]. Lacidipine is an orally active and highly selective L-type calcium channel blocker that acts on smooth muscle calcium channels, primarily dilates peripheral arteries, reduces peripheral resistance, and has long-lasting anti-hypertensive activity. Lacidipine protects HKCs from apoptosis induced by ATP depletion and recovery by modulating the caspase-3 pathway. Lacidipine can be used in studies of hypertension, atherosclerosis and acute kidney injury (AKI)[2][3].
  • HY-W020050S
    Cystamine-d8 (dihydrochloride)
    Cystamine-d8 (dihydrochloride) is the deuterium labeled Cystamine (dihydrochloride)[1]. Cystamine (dihydrochloride) is the disulfide form of the free thiol, cysteamine. Cystamine is an orally active transglutaminase (Tgase) inhibitor. Cystamine also has inhibition activity for caspase-3 with an IC50 value of 23.6 μM. Cystamine can be used for the research of severals diseases including Huntington's disease (HD)[2][3][4].
  • HY-P1007
    Z-VEID-FMK Inhibitor
    Z-VEID-FMK is a selective inhibitor of caspase-6. Z-VEID-FMK can be used for the research of tumor[1].
  • HY-P1333
    Dynorphin A Activator 98.59%
    Dynorphin A is an endogenous opioid peptide involved in inhibitory neurotransmission in the central nervous system (CNS). Dynorphin A is a highy potent kappa opioid receptor (KOR) agonist, and is also an agonist for other opioid receptors, such as mu (MOR) and delta (DOR). Dynorphin A can induce neuronal death, and can be used in the research of neurological disease[1][2].
  • HY-18696
    AMG-337 Inducer 99.43%
    AMG-337 is a potent, orally active, selective MET kinase inhibitor with IC50 values of 1, 1, 4.7, 5, 21.5, 1077 and >4000 nM of WT MET, H1094R MET, M1250T MET, HGF-stimulated pMET (PC3 cells) MET, V1092I MET, Y1230H MET, and D1228H MET, respectively. AMG 337 inhibits the phosphorylation of MET and downstream effectors in MET-amplified cancer cell lines, resulting in an inhibition of MET-dependent cell proliferation and induction of apoptosis[1][2].
  • HY-W042191
    Oxychlororaphine Activator
    Oxychloroaphine could be isolated from the bacterium Pantoea agglomerans naturally present in soil. Oxychloroaphine has broad-spectrum antifungal activity. Oxychloroaphine has cytotoxicity in a dose-dependent manner and induces apoptosis. Oxychloroaphine can be used in research of cancer[1][2].
  • HY-105930
    Lobaplatin Inducer
    Lobaplatin (D-19466) is a diastereometric mixture of platinum(II) complexe. Lobaplatin arrests cell cycle at G1 and G2/M phase. Lobaplatin induces apoptosis by increasing expressions of caspase and Bax, decreasing expression of Bcl-2. Lobaplatin can be used for research of cancer[1][2][3].
  • HY-118304
    AKN-028 Activator
    AKN-028, a novel tyrosine kinase (TK) inhibitor, is a potent, orally active FMS-like receptor tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) inhibitor with an IC50 value of 6 nM. AKN-028 inhibits FLT3 autophosphorylation. AKN-028 induces dose-dependent cytotoxic response (mean IC50=1 μM). AKN-028 induces apoptosisby activation of caspase 3. AKN-028 can be used in research of acute myeloid leukemia (AML)[1].
  • HY-N6681
    15-Acetoxyscirpenol Activator 99.35%
    15-acetoxyscirpenol, one of acetoxyscirpenol moiety mycotoxins (ASMs), strongly induces apoptosis and inhibits Jurkat T cell growth in a dose-dependent manner by activating other caspases independent of caspase-3[1].
  • HY-103667
    2-HBA Activator 98.42%
    2-HBA is a potent inducer of NAD(P)H:quinone acceptor oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) which can also activate caspase-3 and caspase-10.
  • HY-13721
    Phenoxodiol Activator
    Phenoxodiol (Idronoxil), a synthetic analog of Genestein, activates the mitochondrial caspase system, inhibits XIAP (an apoptosis inhibitor), and sensitizes the cancer cells to Fas-mediated apoptosis. Phenoxodiol also inhibits DNA topoisomerase II by stabilizing the cleavable complex. Phenoxodiol induces cell cycle arrest in the G1/S phase of the cell cycle and upregulates p21WAF1 via a p53 independent manner[1][2].
  • HY-129119
    Akt1/Akt2-IN-2 Activator
    Akt1/Akt2-IN-2 (compound 7) is an allosteric dual Akt1 and Akt2 inhibitor (IC50=138 nM and 212 nM, respectively). Akt1/Akt2-IN-2 increases activity of caspase-3, and inhibits viability of a number of tumor cells[1].
  • HY-W082785A
    L6H21 Inhibitor
    L6H21, a Chalcone (HY-121054) derivative, is an orally active, potent and specific myeloid differentiation 2 (MD-2) inhibitor. L6H21 directly binds to MD-2 protein with a high affinity and low KD value of 33.3 μM, blocking the formation of the LPS-TLR4/MD-2 complex. L6H21 inhibits LPS-induced expression of TNF-α and IL-6 in RAW264.7 macrophages, with IC50 values of 6.58 and 8.59 μM, respectively. L6H21 can be used for alcoholic liver disease, metabolic disturbance and neuroinflammation research[1][2][3].
  • HY-P2614
    Mca-DEVDAP-K(Dnp)-OH Chemical
    Mca-DEVDAP-K(Dnp)-OH is a fluorogenic substrate for caspase-3[1].