1. Apoptosis
  2. Caspase

Caspase

Caspase is a family of cysteine proteases that play essential roles in apoptosis (programmed cell death), necrosis, and inflammation. There are two types of apoptotic caspases: initiator (apical) caspases and effector (executioner) caspases. Initiator caspases (e.g., CASP2, CASP8, CASP9, and CASP10) cleave inactive pro-forms of effector caspases, thereby activating them. Effector caspases (e.g., CASP3, CASP6, CASP7) in turn cleave other protein substrates within the cell, to trigger the apoptotic process. The initiation of this cascade reaction is regulated by caspase inhibitors. CASP4 and CASP5, which are overexpressed in some cases of vitiligo and associated autoimmune diseases caused by NALP1 variants, are not currently classified as initiator or effector in MeSH, because they are inflammatory enzymes that, in concert with CASP1, are involved in T-cell maturation.

Caspase Related Products (288):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-13755
    Sulforaphane Inhibitor
    Sulforaphane is an orally active inducer of the Keap1/Nrf2/ARE pathway. Sulforaphane promotes the transcription of tumor-suppressing proteins and effectively inhibits the activity of HDACs. Through the activation of the Keap1/Nrf2/ARE pathway and further induction of HO-1 expression, Sulforaphane protects the heart. Sulforaphane suppresses high glucose-induced pancreatic cancer through AMPK-dependent signal transmission. Sulforaphane exhibits both anticancer and anti-inflammatory properties[1][2][3][4][5][6].
  • HY-12305
    Q-VD-OPh Inhibitor 99.78%
    Q-VD-OPh is an irreversible pan-caspase inhibitor with potent antiapoptotic properties; inhibits caspase 7 with an IC50 of 48 nM and 25-400 nM for other caspases including caspase 1, 3, 8, 9, 10, and 12. Q-VD-OPh can inhibits HIV infection. Q-VD-OPh is able to cross the blood-brain barrier.
  • HY-16658B
    Z-VAD-FMK Inhibitor
    Z-VAD-FMK (Z-VAD(OH)-FMK) is a well-know pan caspase inhibitor, which does not inhibit ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCHL1) activity even at concentrations as high as 440 μM[1].
  • HY-13205
    Belnacasan Inhibitor 99.99%
    Belnacasan (VX-765) is an orally bioactive proagent of VRT-043198, which is a potent and selective inhibitor of IL-converting enzyme (ICE)/caspase-1 with Kis of 0.8 nM and less than 0.6 nM for caspase-1 and caspase-4, respectively. Belnacasan (VX-765) inhibits the release of LPS-induced IL-1β and IL-18 by human PBMCs with an IC50 of ~0.7 μM[1][2].
  • HY-16658
    Z-VAD(OMe)-FMK Inhibitor
    Z-VAD(OMe)-FMK (Z-Val-Ala-Asp(OMe)-FMK) is a cell-permeable and irreversible pan-caspase inhibitor[1]. Z-VAD(OMe)-FMK is an ubiquitin carboxy-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCHL1) inhibitor. Z-VAD(OMe)-FMK irreversibly modifies UCHL1 by targeting the active site of UCHL1[2].
  • HY-N0716A
    Berberine hemisulfate Inhibitor
    Berberine hemisulfate is the hemisulfate form of Berberine (HY-N0716). Berberine hemisulfate is an alkaloid isolated from the Chinese herbal medicine Huanglian. Berberine hemisulfate exhibits anti-inflammatory, antibiobic, antitumor, cardiovascular protective and neuroprotective activity[1][2][3][4][5][6].
  • HY-P4403
    Z-DEVD-R110
    Z-DEVD-R110 ((Z-Asp-Glu-Val-Asp)2-Rhodamine 110) is a fluorogenic caspase-3/7 substrate. Z-DEVD-R110 can be used to detect apoptosis. Z-DEVD-R110 is a rhodamine derivative with two four–amino acid (DEVD) peptides linked to the fuorophore[1].
  • HY-NP019
    Agkistrodon halys batroxobin Inhibitor
    Agkistrodon halys batroxobin is a thrombin-like serine protease. Agkistrodon halys batroxobin reduces the expression of Sirt1 and extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation in brain tissue. Agkistrodon halys batroxobin reduces cleaved caspase-3 expression and inhibits neuronal apoptosis in rat[1].
  • HY-P1007
    Z-VEID-FMK Inhibitor
    Z-VEID-FMK (Z-VE(OMe)ID(OMe)-FMK) is a selective and irreversible caspase-6 peptide inhibitor. Z-VEID-FMK alleviates the S-(+)-ketamine-induced augmentation of caspase-6 activity, DNA fragmentation, and cell apoptosis[1][2].
  • HY-P1333
    Dynorphin A Activator 98.59%
    Dynorphin A is an endogenous opioid peptide involved in inhibitory neurotransmission in the central nervous system (CNS). Dynorphin A is a highy potent kappa opioid receptor (KOR) agonist, and is also an agonist for other opioid receptors, such as mu (MOR) and delta (DOR). Dynorphin A can induce neuronal death, and can be used in the research of neurological disease[1][2].
  • HY-P5244
    Tripeptide-32 Inhibitor 99.80%
    Tripeptide-32isa bioactive peptide with anti-aging effect and has been reported used as a cosmetic ingredient[1].
  • HY-18696
    AMG-337 Inducer 99.43%
    AMG-337 is a potent, orally active, selective MET kinase inhibitor with IC50 values of 1, 1, 4.7, 5, 21.5, 1077 and >4000 nM of WT MET, H1094R MET, M1250T MET, HGF-stimulated pMET (PC3 cells) MET, V1092I MET, Y1230H MET, and D1228H MET, respectively. AMG 337 inhibits the phosphorylation of MET and downstream effectors in MET-amplified cancer cell lines, resulting in an inhibition of MET-dependent cell proliferation and induction of apoptosis[1][2].
  • HY-N8617
    Trijuganone C Inhibitor
    Trijuganone C, a natural product extracted from Salvia miltiorrhiza, inhibits the proliferation of cancer cells through induction of apoptosis mediated by mitochondrial dysfunction and caspase activation[1].
  • HY-P10147
    Ac-LDESD-AMC Inhibitor
    Ac-LDESD-AMC is a caspase-2 inhibitor. Ac-LDESD-AMC has a peptide sequence of Leu-Asp-Glu-Ser-Asp[1].
  • HY-W042191
    Oxychlororaphine Activator
    Oxychloroaphine could be isolated from the bacterium Pantoea agglomerans naturally present in soil. Oxychloroaphine has broad-spectrum antifungal activity. Oxychloroaphine has cytotoxicity in a dose-dependent manner and induces apoptosis. Oxychloroaphine can be used in research of cancer[1][2].
  • HY-P10082
    Ac-VETD-AMC
    Ac-VETD-AMC is a synthetic peptide substrate for caspase 8. Ac-VETD-AMC also has potential to assess functional activity of recombinant phytaspase[1].
  • HY-105930
    Lobaplatin Inducer
    Lobaplatin (D-19466) is a diastereometric mixture of platinum(II) complexe. Lobaplatin arrests cell cycle at G1 and G2/M phase. Lobaplatin induces apoptosis by increasing expressions of caspase and Bax, decreasing expression of Bcl-2. Lobaplatin can be used for research of cancer[1][2][3].
  • HY-118304
    AKN-028 Activator
    AKN-028, a novel tyrosine kinase (TK) inhibitor, is a potent, orally active FMS-like receptor tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) inhibitor with an IC50 value of 6 nM. AKN-028 inhibits FLT3 autophosphorylation. AKN-028 induces dose-dependent cytotoxic response (mean IC50=1 μM). AKN-028 induces apoptosisby activation of caspase 3. AKN-028 can be used in research of acute myeloid leukemia (AML)[1].
  • HY-P5122
    Z-LEED-FMK Inhibitor
    Z-LEED-FMK is a caspase-13 and caspase-4 inhibitor. Z-LEED-FMK also inhibits caspase-1 processing in S. typhimurium-infected macrophages[1][2].
  • HY-B0347S3
    Lacidipine-13C4 Modulator
    Lacidipine-13C4 is 13C labeled Lacidipine (HY-B0347). Lacidipine is an orally active and highly selective L-type calcium channel blocker that acts on smooth muscle calcium channels, primarily dilates peripheral arteries, reduces peripheral resistance, and has long-lasting anti-hypertensive activity. Lacidipine protects HKCs from apoptosis induced by ATP depletion and recovery by modulating the caspase-3 pathway. Lacidipine can be used in studies of hypertension, atherosclerosis and acute kidney injury (AKI)[1][2].