1. Membrane Transporter/Ion Channel
  2. Chloride Channel

Chloride Channel

Chloride channels belong to a superfamily of ion channels that permit passive passage of anions, mainly chloride, across cell membrane. Chloride channels perform important roles in the regulation of cellular excitability, in transepithelial transport, cell volume regulation, and acidification of intracellular organelles. Chloride channels represent a group of potential drug targets.

The chloride channel protein (ClC) family comprises both chloride (Cl-) channels and chloride/proton (Cl-/H+) antiporters. In prokaryotes and eukaryotes, these proteins mediate the movement of Cl- ions across the membrane. In eukaryotes, ClC proteins play a role in the stabilization of membrane potential, epithelial ion transport, hippocampal neuroprotection, cardiac pacemaker activity and vesicular acidification.

Chloride Channel Related Products (44):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-B1221
    Flufenamic acid Inhibitor 99.85%
    Flufenamic acid is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent, inhibits cyclooxygenase (COX), activates AMPK, and also modulates ion channels, blocking chloride channels and L-type Ca2+ channels, modulating non-selective cation channels (NSC), activating K+ channels. Flufenamic acid binds to the central pocket of TEAD2 YBD and inhibits both TEAD function and TEAD-YAP-dependent processes, such as cell migration and proliferation.
  • HY-B0493
    Niflumic acid Inhibitor 99.88%
    Niflumic acid is a calcium-activated chloride channel blocker and COX-2 inhibitor with the IC50 value of 100 nM. Niflumic acid induces apoptosis through caspase-8/Bid/Bax pathway in lung cancer cells. Niflumic acide exhibits anti-tumor activity by affecting the expression of ERK1/2 and the activity of MMP2 and MMP9. Niflumic acid has orally bioactivity. Niflumic acid acts on rheumatoid arthritis[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8].
  • HY-100612
    T16Ainh-A01 Inhibitor
    T16Ainh-A01, an aminophenylthiazole, is a potent transmembrane protein 16A (TMEM16A) inhibitor, inhibiting TMEM16A-mediated chloride currents with an IC50 value of ~1 µM. TMEM16A (ANO1) functions as a calcium-activated chloride channel (CaCC)[1][2].
  • HY-N0822
    Shikonin Inhibitor 99.80%
    Shikonin is a major component of a Chinese herbal medicine named zicao. Shikonin is a potent TMEM16A chloride channel inhibitor with an IC50 of 6.5 μM[1]. Shikonin is a specific pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) inhibitor[2] and can also inhibit TNF-α and NF-κB pathway[3]. Shikonin decreases exosome secretion through the inhibition of glycolysis[4]. Shikonin inhibits AIM2 inflammasome activation[7].
  • HY-103371
    DCPIB Inhibitor 99.93%
    DCPIB is a selective, reversible and potent inhibitor of volume-regulated anion channels (VRAC). DCPIB voltage-dependently activates potassium channels TREK1 and TRAAK, and inhibits TRESK, TASK1 and TASK3 (IC50s: 0.14, 0.95, 50.72 μM, respectively). DCPIB is also a selective blocker of swelling-induced chloride current (ICl,swell), with an IC50 of 4.1 μM. DCPIB is a useful tool for investigating structure-function studies of K2P channels[1][2].
  • HY-163171
    ARN11391
    ARN 11391 is a selective enhancer of inositol triphosphate receptor type 1 (ITPR1). ARN 11391 can be used in the study of spinocerebellar ataxia[1].
  • HY-P1105
    GaTx2 98.40%
    GaTx2 is a seletive and a high affinity inhibitor of ClC-2 channels with a voltage-dependent apparent KD of ∼20 pM. GaTx2 is a peptide toxin inhibitor from Leiurus quinquestriatus hebraeus venom. GaTx2 is useful in determining the role and the membrane localization of ClC-2 in specific cell types[1].
  • HY-B1371A
    Spiperone hydrochloride Activator
    Spiperone hydrochloride (Spiroperidol hydrochloride) is a selective dopamine D2 receptor (Ki values of 0.06 nM, 0.6 nM, 0.08 nM, ~350 nM, ~3500 nM for D2, D3, D4, D1 and D5 receptors, respectively) and 5-HT2A/5-HT1A receptor (Kis of 1 nM/49 nM) antagonist. Spiperone hydrochloride is also a selective α1B-adrenoceptor antagonist. Spiperone hydrochloride activates calcium-activated chloride channel (CaCC). Antipsychotic and anti-inflammatory activities[1][2][3][4][5].
  • HY-B0679
    Lubiprostone Activator
    Lubiprostone(SPI-0211;RU0211) is a gastrointestinal agent used for the treatment of idiopathic chronic constipation.
  • HY-146320
    ANO1-IN-1 Inhibitor 98.73%
    ANO1-IN-1 (Compound 9c) is a selective ANO1 channel blocker with an IC50 of 2.56 μM and 15.43 μM against ANO1 and ANO2, respectively. ANO1-IN-1 suppresses strongly proliferation of glioblastoma cells[1].
  • HY-16974
    Afoxolaner Inhibitor 99.95%
    Afoxolaner is an orally active isoxazoline insecticide/acaricide against Ixodes scapularis in dogs. Afoxolaner acts on the insect γ-aminobutyric acid receptor (GABA) and glutamate receptors, inhibiting GABA & glutamate-regulated uptake of chloride ions, resulting in excess neuronal stimulation and death of the arthropod[1][2].
  • HY-105917
    Emidurdar Inhibitor 99.13%
    Endovion is a pharmacological anion channel inhibitor (like chloride channel) and the specific VRAC/VSOAC blocker. Endovion (NS3728) is also an Anoctamin-1 (ANO 1) channel inhibitor[1][2].
  • HY-12693
    R(+)-Methylindazone Inhibitor 99.17%
    R(+)-Methylindazone (R(+)-IAA-94) is a potent indanyloxyacetic acid blocker of epithelial chloride channels. R(+)-Methylindazone inhibits Nef-sdAb19 (single-domain antibody) interaction and binds to negative factor (Nef)[1][2][3].
  • HY-119981
    Ani9 Inhibitor 99.53%
    Ani9 is a potent and selective transmembrane protein 16A (TMEM16A, Anoctamin-1) blocker with IC50 at 77 nM. Ani9 can be applied to the study of cancer and other diseases[1][2].
  • HY-N2412
    Irisolidone Inhibitor 99.66%
    Irisolidone is a major isoflavone found in Pueraria lobata flowers. Irisolidone exhibits potent hepatoprotective activity. Irisolidone shows the high efficacy for volume-regulated anion channels (VRAC) blockade (IC50=9.8 μM)[1][2][3].
  • HY-101012
    NPPB Inhibitor 99.83%
    NPPB is a blocker of the outwardly rectifying chloride channel (ORCC).
  • HY-146334
    DFBTA Inhibitor
    DFBTA is an orally active, potent and little brain penetrated ANO1 (Calcium-activated chloride channel anoctamin-1) inhibitor, with an IC50 of 24 nM. DFBTA shows analgesic efficacy for inflammatory pain[1].
  • HY-W040265
    Fenamic acid Inhibitor 98.19%
    Fenamic acid (N-Phenylanthranilic acid, NPAA) is an orally active chloride channel blocker. Fenamic acid is the basic constituent of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIA), and derives into mefenamic, tofenacin, flufenac acid and melofenac acid. Fenamic acid also acts as antibacterial and analgesic agent[1]-[6].
  • HY-B1221S1
    Flufenamic acid-13C6 Inhibitor
    Flufenamic acid-13C6 is the 13C6 labeled Flufenamic acid. Flufenamic acid is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent, inhibits cyclooxygenase (COX), activates AMPK, and also modulates ion channels, blocking chloride channels and L-type Ca2+ channels, modulating non-selective cation channels (NSC), activating K+ channels. Flufenamic acid binds to the central pocket of TEAD2 YBD and inhibits both TEAD function and TEAD-YAP-dependent processes, such as cell migration and proliferation.
  • HY-147874
    ANO1-IN-3 Inhibitor
    ANO1-IN-3 (Compound 3n) is a potent and selective ANO1 inhibitor with an IC50 of 1.23 μM. ANO1-IN-3 induces apoptosis[1].