1. Epigenetics
  2. DNA Methyltransferase

DNA Methyltransferase

DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) are a family of “writer” enzymes responsible for DNA methylation that is the addition of a methyl group to the carbon atom number five (C5) of cytosine. Mammalians encode five DNMTs: DNMT1, DNMT2, DNMT3A-DNMT3B (de novo methyltransferases), and DNMTL. DNMT1, DNMT3A, and DNMT3B are the three active enzymes that maintain DNA methylation. DNMT3L has no catalytic activity and functions as a regulator of DNMT3A and DNMT3B, whereas DNMT2 acts as a tRNA transferase rather than a DNA methyltransferase.

DNA methylation is a vital modification process in the control of genetic information, which contributes to the epigenetics by regulating gene expression without changing the DNA sequence. In prokaryotes, DNA methylation is essential for transcription, the direction of post-replicative mismatch repair, the regulation of DNA replication, cell-cycle control, bacterial virulence, and differentiating self and non-self DNA. In mammalians, DNA methylation is crucial in many key physiological processes, including the inactivation of the X-chromosome, imprinting, and the silencing of germline-specific genes and repetitive elements.

DNA Methyltransferase Related Products (70):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-135146
    GSK-3484862 Inhibitor 99.62%
    GSK-3484862 is a non-covalent inhibitor for DNA methyltransferase (Dnmt1). GSK-3484862 induces DNA hypomethylation to against cancer. GSK-3484862 mediates dramatic demethylation in murine embryonic stem cells with minimal non-specific toxicity[1][2].
  • HY-10586
    5-Azacytidine Inhibitor
    5-Azacytidine (Azacitidine; 5-AzaC; Ladakamycin) is a nucleoside analogue of cytidine that specifically inhibits DNA methylation. 5-Azacytidine is incorporated into DNA to covalently trap DNA methyltransferases and contributes to reverse epigenetic changes[1][2]. 5-Azacytidine induces cell autophagy[4].
  • HY-13642
    RG108 Inhibitor 99.85%
    RG108 (N-Phthalyl-L-tryptophan) is a non-nucleoside DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) inhibitor (IC50=115 nM) that blocks the DNMTs active site. RG108 (N-Phthalyl-L-tryptophan) causes demethylation and reactivation of tumor suppressor genes, but it does not affect the methylation of centromeric satellite sequences[1][2][3].
  • HY-139664
    GSK-3685032 Inhibitor 99.95%
    GSK-3685032 is a non-time-dependent, noncovalently, first-in-class reversible DNMT1-selective inhibitor, with an IC50 of 0.036 μM. GSK-3685032 induces robust loss of DNA methylation, transcriptional activation, and cancer cell growth inhibition[1].
  • HY-A0004
    Decitabine Inhibitor
    Decitabine (NSC 127716) is an orally active deoxycytidine analogue antimetabolite and a DNA methyltransferase inhibitor. Decitabine incorporates into DNA in place of cytosine can covalently trap DNA methyltransferase to DNA causing irreversible inhibition of the enzyme. Decitabine induces cell G2/M arrest and cell apoptosis. Decitabine has potent anticancer activity[1][2].
  • HY-163614
    SARS-CoV-2-IN-87 Inhibitor
    SARS-CoV-2-IN-87 (compound 138968421) is a potent inhibitor of methyltransferases (nsp14 and nsp16) of SARS-CoV-2[1].
  • HY-10586R
    5-Azacytidine (Standard) Inhibitor
    5-Azacytidine (Standard) is the analytical standard of 5-Azacytidine. This product is intended for research and analytical applications. 5-Azacytidine (Azacitidine; 5-AzaC; Ladakamycin) is a nucleoside analogue of cytidine that specifically inhibits DNA methylation. 5-Azacytidine is incorporated into DNA to covalently trap DNA methyltransferases and contributes to reverse epigenetic changes[1][2]. 5-Azacytidine induces cell autophagy[4].
  • HY-13765R
    6-Thioguanine (Standard) Inhibitor
    6-Thioguanine (Standard) is the analytical standard of 6-Thioguanine. This product is intended for research and analytical applications. 6-Thioguanine (Thioguanine; 2-Amino-6-purinethiol) is an anti-leukemia and immunosuppressant agent, acts as an inhibitor of SARS and MERS coronavirus papain-like proteases (PLpros) and also potently inhibits USP2 activity, with IC50s of 25 μM and 40 μM for Plpros and recombinant human USP2, respectively.
  • HY-A0084A
    Procainamide
    Procainamide is a specific and potent inhibitor of DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1). Procainamide is a Class 1A antiarrhythmic agent. Procainamide has the potential for the research of cancer and arrhythmias[1][2].
  • HY-117421A
    CM-579 trihydrochloride Inhibitor 98.03%
    CM-579 trihydrochloride is a first-in-class reversible, dual inhibitor of G9a and DNMT, with IC50 values of 16 nM, 32 nM for G9a and DNMT, respectively. Has potent in vitro cellular activity in a wide range of cancer cells[1].
  • HY-149289
    DNMT-IN-3 Inhibitor
    DNMT-IN-3 is an DNA Methyltransferase (DNMT) inhibitor, and plays an antimalarial role with IC50 of 60 nM against Plasmodium falciparum (Plasmodium). DNMT-IN-3 can be used for malaria related research[1].
  • HY-150680
    SARS-CoV-2 nsp14-IN-1 Antagonist
    SARS-CoV-2 nsp14-IN-1 (Compound 3) is a prototypic bisubstrate inhibitor of SARS-CoV-2 Nsp14 MTase with an IC50 value of 0.061 μM. SARS-CoV-2 nsp14-IN-1 (Compound 3) has an excellent selectivity profile over a panel of human methyltransferases, can against apanel of 10 human MTases including histone lysine, proteinarginine, and DNA and RNA MTases[1].
  • HY-116217
    5-Fluoro-2'-deoxycytidine
    5-Fluoro-2'-deoxycytidine, a fluoropyrimidine nucleoside analogue, is a DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) inhibitor. 5-Fluoro-2'-deoxycytidine is a tumor-selective proagent of the potent thymidylate synthase inhibitor 5-fluoro-2′-dUMP[1][2].
  • HY-101925
    CM-272 Inhibitor
    CM-272 is a first-in-class, potent, selective, substrate-competitive and reversible dual G9a/DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) inhibitor with antitumor activities. CM-272 inhibits G9a, DNMT1, DNMT3A, DNMT3B and GLP with IC50s of 8 nM, 382 nM, 85 nM, 1200 nM and 2 nM, respectively. CM-272 inhibits cell proliferation and promotes apoptosis, inducing IFN-stimulated genes and immunogenic cell death[1].
  • HY-19826
    Isofistularin-3 Inhibitor
    Isofistularin-3 is a direct, DNA-competitive DNMT1 inhibitor, with an IC50 of 13.5 μM. Isofistularin-3, as a DNA demethylating agent, induces cell cycle arrest and sensitization to TRAIL in cancer cells. Isofistularin-3 can be used as an ADC cytotoxin[1].
  • HY-162282
    PROTAC METTL3-14 degrader 1 Degrader
    PROTAC METTL3-14 degrader 1 (compound 30) is a PROTAC degrader of METTL3-14. PROTAC METTL3-14 degrader 1 shows a 50% or higher degradation of METTL3 and/or METTL14[1].
  • HY-131991
    Benzyl selenocyanate Inhibitor
    Benzyl selenocyanate is a chemopreventive agent for various chemically induced tumors in animal models at both the initiation and postinitiation stages. Benzyl selenocyanate is an inhibitor of DNA (cytosine-5)-methyltransferase (Mtase), with an with an IC50 of 8.4 µM[1].
  • HY-15229
    Guadecitabine sodium Inhibitor 98.05%
    Guadecitabine sodium (SGI-110 sodium) is a second-generation DNA methyltransferases (DNMT) inhibitor for research of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS)[1].
  • HY-158165
    DNMT3A-IN-3 Inhibitor
    DNMT3A-IN-3 is an allosteric DNA methyltransferase 3A (DNMT3A) inhibitor. DNMT3A-IN-3 binds and disrupt protein-protein interactions (PPIs) at the DNMT3A tetramer interface[1].
  • HY-144433
    DNMT3A-IN-1 Inhibitor 98.81%
    DNMT3A-IN-1 is a potent and selective DNMT3A inhibitor. DNMT3A-IN-1 shows inhibitor activities against DNMT3A with kI values range from 9.16-18.85 μM (AdoMet) and 11.37-23.34 μM (poly dI-dC) [1].