1. Cell Cycle/DNA Damage
  2. DNA/RNA Synthesis

DNA/RNA Synthesis

RNA synthesis, which is also called DNA transcription, is a highly selective process. Transcription by RNA polymerase II extends beyond RNA synthesis, towards a more active role in mRNA maturation, surveillance and export to the cytoplasm.

Single-strand breaks are repaired by DNA ligase using the complementary strand of the double helix as a template, with DNA ligase creating the final phosphodiester bond to fully repair the DNA.DNA ligases discriminate against substrates containing RNA strands or mismatched base pairs at positions near the ends of the nickedDNA. Bleomycin (BLM) exerts its genotoxicity by generating free radicals, whichattack C-4′ in the deoxyribose backbone of DNA, leading to opening of the ribose ring and strand breakage; it is an S-independentradiomimetic agent that causes double-strand breaks in DNA.

First strand cDNA is synthesized using random hexamer primers and M-MuLV Reverse Transcriptase (RNase H). Second strand cDNA synthesis is subsequently performed using DNA Polymerase I and RNase H. The remaining overhangs are converted into blunt ends using exonuclease/polymerase activity. After adenylation of the 3′ ends of DNA fragments, NEBNext Adaptor with hairpin loop structure is ligated to prepare the samples for hybridization. Cell cycle and DNA replication are the top two pathways regulated by BET bromodomain inhibition. Cycloheximide blocks the translation of mRNA to protein.

DNA/RNA Synthesis Related Products (657):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-17393
    Carboplatin Inhibitor
    Carboplatin (NSC 241240) is a DNA synthesis inhibitor which binds to DNA, inhibits replication and transcription and induces cell death. Carboplatin (NSC 241240) is a derivative of CDDP and a potent anti-cancer agent.
  • HY-141520
    ART558 99.97%
    ART558 is a nanomolar potent, selective, low molecular weight, allosteric DNA polymerase activity of Polθ inhibitor (IC50=7.9 nM). ART558 can be used for the research of cancer[1].
  • HY-17026
    Gemcitabine Inhibitor
    Gemcitabine (LY 188011) is a pyrimidine nucleoside analog antimetabolite and an antineoplastic agent. Gemcitabine inhibits DNA synthesis and repair, resulting in autophagyand apoptosis[1][2].
  • HY-19620
    Branaplam Agonist 99.78%
    Branaplam (LMI070; NVS-SM1) is a highly potent, selective and orally active survival motor neuron-2 (SMN2) splicing modulator with an EC50 of 20 nM for SMN. Branaplam inhibits human-ether-a-go-go-related gene (hERG) with an IC50 of 6.3 μM. Branaplam elevates full-length SMN protein and extends survival in a severe spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) mouse model[1][2].
  • HY-17371
    Oxaliplatin Inhibitor
    Oxaliplatin is a DNA synthesis inhibitor. Oxaliplatin causes DNA crosslinking damage, prevents DNA replication and transcription and induces apoptosis. Oxaliplatin can be used for cancer research[1][2][3].
  • HY-E70092
    RNase III
    RNase III is a double-stranded RNA (dsRNA)-specific endonuclease from Escherichia coli expressing the RNase III gene. RNase III proteins are Mg2+-dependent endonucleases with a nine-residue signature motif, the RNase III domain. RNase III can cleave dsRNA into 12-15 bp small fragments of interfering RNA (siRNA), which are more suitable for RNA interference experiments in mammalian cells[1][2].
  • HY-E70099
    Poly(A) polymerase
    Poly(A) polymerase catalyzes the incorporation of ATP into the RNA 3' end in the form of AMP, that is, adding a polyadenosine tail at the RNA 3' end. Poly(A) polymerase increases RNA stability and increases mRNA translation efficiency in eukaryotic cells. Poly(A) polymerase has high tailing efficiency and can add 20-200 A bases to the 3' end of RNA[1][2].
  • HY-E70090
    T7 RNA polymerase
    T7 RNA polymerase is a polymerase expressed by Escherichia coli from the RNA polymerase gene of T7 bacteriophage. T7 RNA polymerase is highly specific and involved in in vitro transcription (IVT) of mRNA. In the presence of Mg2+, T7 RNA polymerase only uses the single-stranded or double-stranded DNA containing the T7 promoter sequence as a template, and uses NTP as a substrate to synthesize RNA complementary to the single-stranded DNA downstream of the promoter[1][2].
  • HY-12695B
    Guanosine 5'-triphosphate trisodium salt hydrate
    5'-GTP trisodium salt hydrate is an activator of the signal transducing G proteins and also serves as an energy-rich precursor of mononucleotide units in the enzymatic biosynthesis of DNA and RNA.
  • HY-133887
    Methotrexate α-tert-butyl ester Inhibitor
    Methotrexate α-tert-butyl ester, capped by OtBu, significantly reduces tumor growth in HT1080 tumor bearing mice. Methotrexate is an antimetabolite and antifolate agent and is also an immunosuppressant and antineoplastic agent[1][2][3][4].
  • HY-W048479
    7-Iodo-2',3'-dideoxy-7-deaza-guanosine 98.77%
    7-Iodo-2',3'-dideoxy-7-deaza-guanosine is a dideoxynucleoside that can be used in DNA synthesis and sequencing reactions[1].
  • HY-16637A
    Folic acid sodium
    Folic acid (Vitamin B9) sodium is a orally active essential nutrient from the B complex group of vitamins. Folic acid sodium shows antidepressant-like effect. Folic acid sodium reduces the risk of neonatal neural tube defects. Folic acid sodium can be used to the research of megaloblastic and macrocytic anemias due to folic deficiency[1][2][3][4].
  • HY-16035
    Alatrofloxacin Inhibitor
    Alatrofloxacin, the parenteral proagent of Trovafloxacin, is a fluoronaphthyridone which contains an L-alanyl-L-alanyl salt. Alatrofloxacin functions similar to other fluoroquinolone antibiotics in that it not only has antibiotic activity to kill invading organisms by interfering with DNA synthesis, it possesses immunosuppressive activity[1].
  • HY-W042357
    Ac-rC Phosphoramidite 98.87%
    Ac-rC Phosphoramidite is used for the oligoribonucleotide phosphorodithioate modification (PS2-RNA)[1].
  • HY-128917
    DNA31 Inhibitor 98.20%
    DNA31 is a potent RNA polymerase inhibitor[1].
  • HY-107845
    SCR7 pyrazine Inhibitor 99.96%
    SCR7 pyrazine is a DNA ligase IV inhibitor that blocks nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ) in a ligase IV-dependent manner. SCR7 pyrazine is also a CRISPR/Cas9 enhancer which increases the efficiency of Cas9-mediated homology-directed repair (HDR). SCR7 pyrazine induces cell apoptosis and has anticancer activity[1][2].
  • HY-17393S
    Carboplatin-d4 Inhibitor
    Carboplatin-d4 is the deuterium labeled Carboplatin. Carboplatin (NSC 241240) is a DNA synthesis inhibitor which binds to DNA, inhibits replication and transcription and induces cell death. Carboplatin (NSC 241240) is a derivative of CDDP and a potent anti-cancer agent.
  • HY-112803
    GNE-371 98.01%
    GNE-371 is a potent and selective chemical probe for the second bromodomains of human transcription-initiation-factor TFIID subunit 1 and transcription-initiation-factor TFIID subunit 1-like, with an IC50 of 10 nM for TAF1(2).
  • HY-152246
    ZIM 99.88%
    ZIM, a norbornene derived from 4-Aminoantipyrine, is a potent inducer of DNA damage, causing genomic and chromosomal damage as well as inducing cell death and activating phagocytosis. ZIM has chemotherapeutic potential for use in cancer research[1].
  • HY-151462
    RP-6685 Inhibitor 99.96%
    RP-6685 is a potent, selective and orally active DNA polymerase theta (Polθ) inhibitor with an IC50 value of 5.8 nM (PicoGreen assay). RP-6685 shows antitumor efficacy in mouse tumor xenograft model[1].