1. Anti-infection
  2. Fungal

Fungal

An antifungal agent is a drug that selectively eliminates fungal pathogens from a host with minimal toxicity to the host. Classes: 1. Polyene Antifungal Drugs: Amphotericin, nystatin, and pimaricin interact with sterols in the cell membrane (ergosterol in fungi, cholesterol in humans) to form channels through which small molecules leak from the inside of the fungal cell to the outside. 2. Azole Antifungal Drugs: Fluconazole, itraconazole, and ketoconazole inhibit cytochrome P450-dependent enzymes (particularly C14-demethylase) involved in the biosynthesis of ergosterol, which is required for fungal cell membrane structure and function. 3. Allylamine and Morpholine Antifungal Drugs: lylamines (naftifine, terbinafine) inhibit ergosterol biosynthesis at the level of squalene epoxidase. The morpholine drug, amorolfine, inhibits the same pathway at a later step. 4. Antimetabolite Antifungal Drugs: 5-Fluorocytosine acts as an inhibitor of both DNA and RNA synthesis via the intracytoplasmic conversion of 5-fluorocytosine to 5-fluorouracil.

Fungal Related Products (422):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-10219
    Rapamycin Inhibitor
    Rapamycin (Sirolimus; AY 22989) is a potent and specific mTOR inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.1 nM in HEK293 cells. Rapamycin binds to FKBP12 and specifically acts as an allosteric inhibitor of mTORC1[1]. Rapamycin is an autophagy activator, an immunosuppressant[2].
  • HY-100579
    Ferrostatin-1 Inhibitor 99.59%
    Ferrostatin-1, a potent and selective ferroptosis inhibitor, suppresses Erastin-induced ferroptosis in HT-1080 cells (EC50=60 nM). Ferrostatin-1, a synthetic antioxidant, acts via a reductive mechanism to prevent damage to membrane lipids and thereby inhibits cell death. Antifungal Activity[1][2][3].
  • HY-15141
    Staurosporine Inhibitor
    Staurosporine is a potent, ATP-competitive and non-selective inhibitor of protein kinases with IC50s of 6 nM, 15 nM, 2 nM, and 3 nM for PKC, PKA, c-Fgr, and Phosphorylase kinase respectively. Staurosporine also inhibits TAOK2 with an IC50 of 3 μM. Staurosporine is an apoptosis inducer[1][2][3][4][5].
  • HY-16561
    Resveratrol Inhibitor
    Resveratrol (trans-Resveratrol; SRT501), a natural polyphenolic phytoalexin that possesses anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, cardioprotective, and anti-cancer properties. Resveratrol (SRT 501) has a wide spectrum of targets including mTOR, JAK, β-amyloid, Adenylyl cyclase, IKKβ, DNA polymerase. Resveratrol also is a specific SIRT1 activator[1][2][3][4]. Resveratrol is a potent pregnane X receptor (PXR) inhibitor[5]. Resveratrol is an Nrf2 activator, ameliorates aging-related progressive renal injury in mice model[6]. Resveratrol increases production of NO in endothelial cells[7].
  • HY-B0490
    Hygromycin B Inhibitor
    Hygromycin B is an aminoglycoside antibiotic active against prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
  • HY-114220
    T-2307 Inhibitor
    T-2307, an arylamidine, has antifungal activities in vitro and in vivo. T-2307 exhibits broad-spectrum activity against clinically significant pathogens, including Candida species (MIC range, 0.00025 to 0.0078 μg/ml), Cryptococcus neoformans (MIC range, 0.0039 to 0.0625 μg/ml), and Aspergillus species (MIC range, 0.0156 to 4 μg/mL) [1].
  • HY-139903
    Antifungal agent 18 Inhibitor
    Antifungal agent 18 is a novel antifungal agent for the treatment of fungal infection.
  • HY-114979
    Pyoluteorin Inhibitor
    Pyoluteorin is an antibiotic that inhibits Oomycete fungi, including the plant pathogen Pythium ultimum, and suppresses plant diseases caused by this fungus[1]. Pyoluteorin induces human triple-negative breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells apoptosis in vitro. Pyoluteorin can be used for the research of human triple-negative breast cancer[2].
  • HY-A0098
    Tunicamycin Inhibitor
    Tunicamycin is a mixture of homologous nucleoside antibiotic that inhibits N-linked glycosylation and blocks GlcNAc phosphotransferase (GPT). Tunicamycin causes accumulation of unfolded proteins in cell endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and induces ER stress, and causes blocking of DNA synthesis and cell cycle arrest in G1 phase. Tunicamycin inhibits gram-positive bacteria, yeasts, fungi, and viruses and has anti-cancer activity[1][2][3].Tunicamycin increases exosome release in cervical cancer cells[4].
  • HY-16589
    Oligomycin A Inhibitor
    Oligomycin A (MCH 32), created by Streptomyces, acts as a mitochondrial F0F1-ATPase inhibitor, with a Ki of 1 μM; Oligomycin A shows anti-fungal activity.
  • HY-16560
    Camptothecin Inhibitor
    Camptothecin (CPT), a kind of alkaloid, is a DNA topoisomerase I (Topo I) inhibitor with an IC50 of 679 nM[1]. Camptothecin (CPT) exhibits powerful antineoplastic activity against colorectal, breast, lung and ovarian cancers, modulates hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) activity by changing microRNAs (miRNA) expression patterns in human cancer cells[2][3].
  • HY-B0221
    Amphotericin B Inhibitor
    Amphotericin B is a polyene antifungal agent against a wide variety of fungal pathogens. It binds irreversibly to ergosterol, resulting in disruption of membrane integrity and ultimately cell death.
  • HY-N6687
    Calcimycin Inhibitor
    Calcimycin (A-23187) is an antibiotic and a unique divalent cation ionophore (like calcium and magnesium). Calcimycin induces Ca2+-dependent cell death by increasing intracellular calcium concentration. Calcimycin inhibits the growth of Gram-positive bacteria and some fungi. Calcimycin also inhibits the activity of ATPase and uncouples oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) of mammalian cells. Calcimycin induces apoptosis[1][2][3][4].
  • HY-N6716
    Filipin complex Inhibitor
    Filipin, produced as a mixture of related compounds known as the filipin complex (filipins I-IV) in nature[1], is a 28-membered ring pentaene macrolide antifungal antibiotic produced by S. filipinensis, S. avermitilis and S. miharaensis. Filipin interacts with membrane sterols causing the alteration of membrane structure. Filipin III is the major component of Filipin[2].
  • HY-17409
    Nystatin Inhibitor 98.29%
    Nystatin is an orally active polyene antifungal antibiotic effective against yeast and mycoplasma. Nystatin increases the permeability of plasma membranes to small monovalent ions, including chloridion[1][2]. Nystatin is a cholesterol-sequestering agent[3], partially prevents Oxaliplatin-induced lipid raft aggregation, DR4 and DR5 clustering, and thereby reduces apoptosis[5].
  • HY-N6782
    Oligomycin Inhibitor
    Oligomycin, an antifungal antibiotic, is an inhibitor of H+-ATP-synthase. Oligomycin blocks oxidative phosphorylation and the electron transport chain. Oligomycin inhibits HIF-1alpha expression in hypoxic tumor cells[1][2][3][4].
  • HY-B0105
    Ketoconazole Inhibitor 99.47%
    Ketoconazole (R-41400) is an imidazole anti-fungal agent, a CYP3A4 and CYP24A1 inhibitor.
  • HY-B0421
    Mycophenolic acid Inhibitor 99.87%
    Mycophenolic acid is a potent uncompetitive inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH) inhibitor with an EC50 of 0.24 µM. Mycophenolic acid demonstrates antiviral effects against a wide range of RNA viruses including influenza. Mycophenolic acid is an immunosuppressive agent. Antiangiogenic and antitumor effects[1][2].
  • HY-17006
    Caspofungin Acetate Inhibitor
    Caspofungin Acetate (MK-0991 Acetate) is an antifungal drug, and noncompetitively inhibits 1,3-β-D glucan synthase activity.
  • HY-40354A
    Tofacitinib citrate Inhibitor 99.98%
    Tofacitinib citrate is an orally available JAK1/2/3 inhibitor with IC50s of 1, 20, and 112 nM, respectively. Tofacitinib citrate has antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral activities.