1. Membrane Transporter/Ion Channel
    Neuronal Signaling
  2. GlyT

GlyT

Glycine transporters (GlyTs) are members of the Na+/Cl--dependent transporter family, whose activities and subcellular distributions are regulated by phosphorylation and interactions with other proteins. GlyTs comprise glycine transporter type 1 (SLC6A9; GlyT1) and glycine transporter type 2 (SLC6A5; Glyt2). Both GlyTs exist in multiple splice variants. GlyTs that regulate levels of brain glycine, an inhibitory neurotransmitter with co-agonist activity for NMDA receptors (NMDARs), have been considered to be important targets for the treatment of brain disorders with suppressed NMDAR function such as schizophrenia.

GlyT1 and GlyT2 are expressed on both astrocytes and neurons, but their expression pattern in brain tissue is foremost related to neurotransmission. GlyT2 is markedly expressed in brainstem, spinal cord and cerebellum, where it is responsible for glycine uptake into glycinergic and GABAergic terminals. GlyT1 is abundant in neocortex, thalamus and hippocampus, where it is expressed in astrocytes, and involved in glutamatergic neurotransmission. GlyT1 and GlyT2, which are located in glial cells and neurons, respectively play important roles by clearing synaptically released glycine or supplying glycine to glycinergic neurons to regulate glycinergic neurotransmission. Thus, inhibition of GlyTs could be used to modify pain signal transmission in the spinal cord.

GlyT Related Products (30):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-103332
    N-Arachidonylglycine Inhibitor
    N-Arachidonylglycine (NA-Gly), a carboxylic analog of the endocannabinoid anandamide (AEA), is a GPR18 agonist (EC50 = 44.5 nM). Unlike AEA, N-Arachidonylglycine has no activity at either CB1 or CB2 receptors. N-Arachidonylglycine inhibits GLYT2 (IC50 = 5.1 μM). N-Arachidonylglycine also is an effective activator of endometrial cell migration[1][2].
  • HY-101037
    Sarcosine Inhibitor
    Sarcosine (N-Methylglycine), an endogenous amino acid, is a competitive glycine transporter type I (GlyT1) inhibitor and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor co-agonist. Sarcosine increases the glycine concentration, resulting in an indirect potentiation of the NMDA receptor. Sarcosine is commonly used for the research of schizophrenia[1][2].
  • HY-130466
    Stearoyl-L-carnitine chloride Inhibitor
    Stearoyl-L-carnitine chloride is an endogenous long-chain acylcarnitine. Stearoyl-L-carnitine chloride is a less potent inhibitor of GlyT2. Stearoyl-L-carnitine chloride inhibits glycine responses by 16.8% at concentrations up 3 μM[1][2].
  • HY-10809
    Bitopertin Inhibitor 99.59%
    Bitopertin is a potent, noncompetitive glycine reuptake inhibitor, inhibits glycine uptake at human GlyT1 with a concentration exhibiting IC50 of 25 nM.
  • HY-138935
    Iclepertin Inhibitor 99.65%
    Iclepertin (BI-425809) is a potent, selective and orally active glycine transporter 1 (GlyT1) inhibitor. Iclepertin is inactive against GlyT2. Iclepertin can be used for Alzheimer disease and schizophrenia research[1].
  • HY-113202S1
    Stearoyl-L-carnitine-d9 chloride Inhibitor
    Stearoyl-L-carnitine-d9 chloride is the deuterium labeled Stearoyl-L-carnitine chloride. Stearoyl-L-carnitine chloride is an endogenous long-chain acylcarnitine. Stearoyl-L-carnitine chloride is a less potent inhibitor of GlyT2[1][2].
  • HY-100416
    LY2365109 Inhibitor
    LY2365109 is a potent and selective GlyT1 inhibitor, with an IC50 of 15.8 nM for glycine uptake in cells over-expressing hGlyT1a[1][2].
  • HY-101334A
    MPDC hydrochloride Inhibitor
    MPDC hydrochloride is a potent and competitive inhibitor of the Na+-dependent high-affinity glutamate transporter in forebrain synaptosomes[1].
  • HY-10715
    SSR504734 Inhibitor 99.82%
    SSR504734 is an orally active, selective and reversible inhibitor of human, rat, and mouse GlyT1 (IC50=18, 15, and 38 nM, respectively). SSR504734 shows anti-schizophrenia, anti-anxiety and anti-depression activities[1].
  • HY-130466S
    Stearoyl-L-carnitine-d3 chloride Inhibitor
    Stearoyl-L-carnitine-d3 (chloride) is the deuterium labeled Stearoyl-L-carnitine chloride. Stearoyl-L-carnitine chloride is an endogenous long-chain acylcarnitine. Stearoyl-L-carnitine chloride is a less potent inhibitor of GlyT2. Stearoyl-L-carnitine chloride inhibits glycine responses by 16.8% at concentrations up 3 μM[1][2].
  • HY-10711A
    ALX-5407 hydrochloride Inhibitor
    ALX-5407 ((R)-NFPS) hydrochloride is a selective and orally active glycine transporter GlyT1 inhibitor with an IC50 value of 3 nM. ALX-5407 hydrochloride can be used the research of N-methyl-D-aspartate-receptor function and schizophrenia[1].
  • HY-14568
    DCCCyB Inhibitor
    DCCCyB is an orally bioavailable, potent, and selective inhibitor of GlyT1. DCCCyB demonstrates excellent in vivo occupancy of GlyT1 transporters in rhesus monkey[1].
  • HY-10716A
    PF-03463275 Inhibitor 98.40%
    PF-03463275 is a centrally penetrant, orally available, selective, and competitive GlyT1 (glycine transporter-1) reversible inhibitor, with a Ki of 11.6 nM. PF-03463275 has the potential for Schizophrenia research[1][2].
  • HY-107526
    (Rac)-ALX 5407 Inhibitor
    NFPS is a selective, non-competitive glycine transporter-1 (GlyT1) inhibitor with IC50s of 2.8 nM and 9.8 nM for hGlyT1 and rGlyT1, respectively[1]. NFPS exerts neuroprotection via glyR alpha1 subunit in the rat model of transient focal cerebral ischaemia and reperfusion[2].
  • HY-10712
    Org-24598 Inhibitor
    Org-24598 is an inhibitor of glycine transporter 1 GlyT-1 . Org-24598 can inhibit the specific binding of [3H] CHIBIA-3007 to the rat brain membranes with a Ki value of 16.9 nM[1].
  • HY-112432
    GlyT1 Inhibitor 1 Inhibitor 98.35%
    GlyT1 Inhibitor 1 is a potent and selective GlyT1 inhibitor with an IC50 of 38 nM for rGlyT1[1]. Antipsychotic activity[1].
  • HY-111029
    ALX-1393 Inhibitor
    ALX-1393, a selective GlyT2 inhibitor, has an antinociceptive effect on thermal, mechanical, and chemical stimulations in a rat acute pain model[1].
  • HY-110176
    ASP2535 Inhibitor
    ASP2535 is a potent, orally bioavailable, selective, brain permeable and centrally-active glycine transporter-1 (GlyT1) inhibitor. ASP2535 can improve cognitive impairment in animal models of schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease[1].
  • HY-122666
    Org 25935 Inhibitor
    Org 25935 is a potent and selective glycine transporter 1 protein (GlyT1) inhibitor with an IC50 value of 100 nM. Org 25935 can decrease ethanol (EtOH) intake and EtOH preference in rats, whereas water intake is unaffected. Org 25935 can be used for researching alcohol dependence or abuse[1].
  • HY-101037S1
    Sarcosine-d3 Inhibitor
    Sarcosine-d3 is the deuterium labeled Sarcosine. Sarcosine (N-Methylglycine), an endogenous amino acid, is a competitive glycine transporter type I (GlyT1) inhibitor and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor co-agonist. Sarcosine increases the glycine concentration, resulting in an indirect potentiation of the NMDA receptor. Sarcosine is commonly used for the research of schizophrenia[1][2].