1. Anti-infection
  2. HIV

HIV

HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus) is a lentivirus (a subgroup of retrovirus) that causes the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to thrive. Infection with HIV occurs by the transfer of blood, semen, vaginal fluid, pre-ejaculate, or breast milk. Within these bodily fluids, HIV is present as both free virus particles and virus within infected immune cells. HIV infects vital cells in the human immune system such as helper T cells (specifically CD4+ T cells), macrophages, and dendritic cells. HIV infection leads to low levels of CD4+ T cells through a number of mechanisms, including apoptosis of uninfected bystander cells, direct viral killing of infected cells, and killing of infected CD4+ T cells by CD8 cytotoxic lymphocytes that recognize infected cells. When CD4+ T cell numbers decline below a critical level, cell-mediated immunity is lost, and the body becomes progressively more susceptible to opportunistic infections.

HIV Related Products (730):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-90006
    5-Fluorouracil Inhibitor
    5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is an analogue of uracil and a potent antitumor agent. 5-Fluorouracil affects pyrimidine synthesis by inhibiting thymidylate synthetase thus depleting intracellular dTTP pools. 5-Fluorouracil induces apoptosis and can be used as a chemical sensitizer[1][2]. 5-Fluorouracil also inhibits HIV[3].
  • HY-12305
    Q-VD-OPh Inhibitor 99.78%
    Q-VD-OPh is an irreversible pan-caspase inhibitor with potent antiapoptotic properties; inhibits caspase 7 with an IC50 of 48 nM and 25-400 nM for other caspases including caspase 1, 3, 8, 9, 10, and 12. Q-VD-OPh can inhibits HIV infection. Q-VD-OPh is able to cross the blood-brain barrier.
  • HY-15142
    Doxorubicin hydrochloride Inhibitor
    Doxorubicin (Hydroxydaunorubicin) hydrochloride, a cytotoxic anthracycline antibiotic, is an anti-cancer chemotherapy agent. Doxorubicin hydrochloride is a potent human DNA topoisomerase I and topoisomerase II inhibitor with IC50s of 0.8 μM and 2.67 μM, respectively. Doxorubicin hydrochloride reduces basal phosphorylation of AMPK and its downstream target acetyl-CoA carboxylase. Doxorubicin hydrochloride induces apoptosis and autophagy[1][2][3].
  • HY-10585
    Valproic acid Inhibitor
    Valproic acid (VPA) is an orally active HDAC inhibitor, with IC50 in the range of 0.5 and 2 mM, also inhibits HDAC1 (IC50, 400 μM), and induces proteasomal degradation of HDAC2. Valproic acid activates Notch1 signaling and inhibits proliferation in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cells. Valproic acid is used in the treatment of epilepsy, bipolar disorder, metabolic disease, HIV infection and prevention of migraine headaches[1][2][3][4][5][6][7].
  • HY-17589A
    Chloroquine Inhibitor 99.82%
    Chloroquine is an antimalarial and anti-inflammatory agent widely used to treat malaria and rheumatoid arthritis. Chloroquine is an autophagy and toll-like receptors (TLRs) inhibitor. Chloroquine is highly effective in the control of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection in vitro (EC50=1.13 μM)[1][2][3][4].
  • HY-P10357
    TAT-CBD3
    TAT-CBD3, a 15-amino acid peptide from CRMP2, fused to the TAT cell-penetrating motif of the HIV-1 protein, disrupts CRMP2-NMDAR interaction without change in NMDAR localization[1].
  • HY-158128
    MK-8527 Inhibitor
    MK-8527 is an HIV inhibitor and nucleoside reverse transcriptase translocation inhibitor (NRTTI). MK-8527 has a similar inhibitory mechanism to ISL (HY-104012)[1].
  • HY-P10310
    F9170 Inhibitor
    F9170 is an amphipathic peptide with an activity of inactivate HIV-1 virions. F9170 targets the conserved cytoplasmic tail of HIV-1 env and disrupts the integrity of the viral membrane. F9170 is able to cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB)[1].
  • HY-B0545
    Probenecid Inhibitor 99.95%
    Probenecid is a potent and selective agonist of transient receptor potential vanilloid 2 (TRPV2) channels. Probenecid also inhibits pannexin 1 channels.
  • HY-113074
    Glycolithocholic acid 3-sulfate Inhibitor
    Glycolithocholic acid 3-sulfate (SLCG) is a cholic acid derivative and a metabolite of glycolithocholic acid. Glycolithocholic acid 3-sulfate inhibits replication of HIV-1 in vitro. Glycolithocholic acid 3-sulfate can be used for the research of HIV infection and gallbladder disease[1][2].
  • HY-19236
    PNU-103017 Inhibitor
    PNU-103017 is an HIV protease inhibitor.
  • HY-17363S1
    Dimethyl fumarate-d2
    Dimethyl fumarate-d2 is the deuterium labeled Dimethyl fumarate[1]. Dimethyl fumarate (DMF) is an orally active and brain-penetrant Nrf2 activator and induces upregulation of antioxidant gene expression. Dimethyl fumarate induces necroptosis in colon cancer cells through GSH depletion/ROS increase/MAPKs activation pathway, and also induces cell autophagy. Dimethyl fumarate can be used for multiple sclerosis research[2][3].
  • HY-15148S1
    Tipranavir-d7 Inhibitor
    Tipranavir-d7 is deuterated labeled Tipranavir (HY-15148). Tipranavir (PNU-140690) inhibits the enzymatic activity and dimerization of HIV-1 protease, exerts potent activity against multi-protease inhibitor (PI)-resistant HIV-1 isolates with IC50s of 66-410 nM[1][2]. Tipranavir inhibits SARS-CoV-2 3CLpro activity[3].
  • HY-10571A
    Delavirdine mesylate Inhibitor 99.82%
    Delavirdine (U 90152) mesylate is a potent, highly specific and orally active non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI). Delavirdine mesylate selectively inhibits HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) (IC50=0.26 μM) over DNA polymerase α (IC50=440 μM) and polymerase δ (IC50>550 μM). Delavirdine mesylate is an inhibitor of HIV-1 replication and can can be used for the study of AIDs[1].
  • HY-10341
    Fasudil Hydrochloride Inhibitor
    Fasudil (HA-1077; AT877) Hydrochloride is a nonspecific RhoA/ROCK inhibitor and also has inhibitory effect on protein kinases, with an Ki of 0.33 μM for ROCK1, IC50s of 0.158 μM and 4.58 μM, 12.30 μM, 1.650 μM for ROCK2 and PKA, PKC, PKG, respectively. Fasudil Hydrochloride is also a potent Ca2+ channel antagonist and vasodilator[1][2][3].
  • HY-145569A
    Fipravirimat dihydrochloride Inhibitor
    Fipravirimat dihydrochloride is a potent HIV-1 inhibitor. Fipravirimat dihydrochloride has the potential for HIV and AIDS research[1].
  • HY-152161
    HIV-1 inhibitor-51 Inhibitor
    HIV-1 inhibitor-51, a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI), exhibits outstanding antiviral activity against WT HIV-1 (IIIB) and a panel of mutant strains. HIV-1 inhibitor-51 has high binding affinity (KD=2.50 μM) and inhibitory activity (IC50=0.03 μM) to WT HIV-1 RT. HIV-1 inhibitor-51 has EC50s of 2.22-53.3 nM for mutant strains (L100I, K103N, Y181C, Y188L, E138K, F227L + V106A, RES056)[1].
  • HY-N3942
    Glabranine Inhibitor
    Glabranine, an flavonoid, is isolated from Tephrosia s.p, exerts a inhibitory effect in vitro on the dengue virus[1]. Glabranine forms interaction with the soluble ectodomain of DENV type 2 (DENV2) E protein[2].
  • HY-15287A
    Nelfinavir Mesylate Inhibitor 98.93%
    Nelfinavir Mesylate (AG 1343 Mesylate) is a potent and orally bioavailable HIV-1 protease inhibitor (Ki=2 nM) for HIV infection. Nelfinavir Mesylate (AG 1343 Mesylate) is a broad-spectrum, anticancer agent[1][2][3].
  • HY-162074
    Nipamovir Inhibitor
    Nipamovir is a nitroimidazole prodrug. Nipamovir shows comparable antiviral activity to SAMT-247 (HY-102077) and NS-1040 in both cellular assays and a human ex vivo model of HIV infection, along with low toxicity. Nipamovir has EC50 values of 3.64±3.28 and 3.23±2.81 μM for CEM-SS/HIV-1RF and hPBMC/HIV-192HT599, respectively[1].