1. NF-κB
  2. Keap1-Nrf2


Keap1-Nrf2 is the major regulator of cytoprotective responses to electrophilic chemicals or reactive oxygen species (ROS). Keap1 is an E3 ligase, which induces the degradation of Nrf2 by ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS). Upregulation of Nrf2 inducing by inactivation of Keap1 is often observed in cancer cells. Aberrant activation of Nrf2 in cancer cells accelerates proliferation and metabolism. For this case, Nrf2 is an attractive molecule as a therapeutic target in cancer and a lot number of Nrf2 inhibitors are developed. What’s interesting, Nrf2 induction is also reported to be treatment strategies for accelerating the detoxification of carcinogens and protect the body from chemical carcinogenesis.

Keap1-Nrf2 Related Products (113):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-13755
    Sulforaphane Activator
    Sulforaphane is an isothiocyanate present naturally in widely consumed vegetables. Sulforaphane increases tumor suppressor protein transcription and inhibits histone deacetylase activity. Sulforaphane activates Nrf2 and inhibits high glucose-induced progression of pancreatic cancer via AMPK dependent signaling. Sulforaphane has shown anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory activities[1][2][3][4].
  • HY-100523
    ML385 Inhibitor
    ML385 is a specific nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2) inhibitor with an IC50 of 1.9 μM.
  • HY-112675
    4-Octyl Itaconate Activator 99.98%
    4-Octyl Itaconate is a cell-permeable Itaconate derivative. Itaconate is an anti-inflammatory metabolite that activates Nrf2 via alkylation of KEAP1[1].
  • HY-16561
    Resveratrol Activator
    Resveratrol (trans-Resveratrol; SRT501), a natural polyphenolic phytoalexin that possesses anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, cardioprotective, and anti-cancer properties. Resveratrol (SRT 501) has a wide spectrum of targets including mTOR, JAK, β-amyloid, Adenylyl cyclase, IKKβ, DNA polymerase. Resveratrol also is a specific SIRT1 activator[1][2][3][4]. Resveratrol is a potent pregnane X receptor (PXR) inhibitor[5]. Resveratrol is an Nrf2 activator, ameliorates aging-related progressive renal injury in mice model[6]. Resveratrol increases production of NO in endothelial cells[7].
  • HY-N0005
    Curcumin Activator
    Curcumin (Diferuloylmethane), a natural phenolic compound, is a p300/CREB-binding protein-specific inhibitor of acetyltransferase, represses the acetylation of histone/nonhistone proteins and histone acetyltransferase-dependent chromatin transcription. Curcumin shows inhibitory effects on NF-κB and MAPKs, and has diverse pharmacologic effects including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiproliferative and antiangiogenic activities. Curcumin induces stabilization of Nrf2 protein through Keap1 cysteine modification.
  • HY-17363S1
    Dimethyl fumarate-d2
    Dimethyl fumarate-d2 is the deuterium labeled Dimethyl fumarate[1]. Dimethyl fumarate (DMF) is an orally active and brain-penetrant Nrf2 activator and induces upregulation of antioxidant gene expression. Dimethyl fumarate induces necroptosis in colon cancer cells through GSH depletion/ROS increase/MAPKs activation pathway, and also induces cell autophagy. Dimethyl fumarate can be used for multiple sclerosis research[2][3].
  • HY-N1902S1
    4-Hydroxyphenylacetic acid-d4
    4-Hydroxyphenylacetic acid-d4 is the deuterium labeled 4-Hydroxyphenylacetic acid[1]. 4-hydroxyphenylacetic acid, a major microbiota-derived metabolite of polyphenols, is involved in the antioxidative action. 4-hydroxyphenylacetic acid induces expression of Nrf2[2].
  • HY-N0682S2
    Pyridoxine-d5 hydrochloride
    Pyridoxine-d5 (hydrochloride) is the deuterium labeled Pyridoxine hydrochloride[1]. Pyridoxine hydrochloride (Pyridoxol;Vitamin B6) is a pyridine derivative. Pyridoxine (Pyridoxol;Vitamin B6) exerts antioxidant effects in cell model of Alzheimer's disease via the Nrf-2/HO-1 pathway[2].
  • HY-101140
    KI696 Inhibitor
    KI696 is a high affinity probe that disrupts the Keap1/NRF2 interaction. KI696 is a potent and selective inhibitor of the KEAP1/NRF2 interaction[1].
  • HY-W009731
    Dibenzoylmethane Activator
    Dibenzoylmethane, a minor ingredient in licorice, activates Nrf2 and prevents various cancers and oxidative damage. Dibenzoylmethane, an analog of curcumin, results in dissociation from Keap1 and nuclear translocation of Nrf2[1].
  • HY-100489
    TBHQ Activator
    TBHQ (tert-Butylhydroquinone) is a widely used Nrf2 activator, protects against Doxorubicin (DOX)-induced cardiotoxicity through activation of Nrf2[1]. TBHQ (tert-Butylhydroquinone) is also an ERK activator; rescues Dehydrocorydaline (DHC)-induced cell proliferation inhibitionin melanoma[2].
  • HY-137315
    TML-6 Activator 98.34%
    TML-6, an orally active curcumin derivative, inhibits the synthesis of the β-amyloid precursor protein and β-amyloid (Aβ). TML-6 can upregulate Apo E, suppress NF-κB and mTOR, and increase the activity of the anti-oxidative Nrf2 gene. TML-6 has the potential for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) research[1].
  • HY-122550
    Artemisitene Activator 98.74%
    Artemisitene, a natural derivative of Artemisinin, is a Nrf2 activator with antioxidant and anticancer activities. Artemisitene activates Nrf2 by decreasing Nrf2 ubiquitination and increasing its stability[1][2].
  • HY-P1328
    TAT-14 Activator 98.43%
    TAT-14 is a 14-mer peptide that acts as Nrf2 activator with an anti-inflammatory effect. TAT-14 has no effect on Nrf2 mRNA expression, but increases Nrf2 protein level due to targeting the Nrf2 binding site on Keap1[1].
  • HY-126245A
    Keap1-Nrf2-IN-1 TFA Inhibitor
    Keap1-Nrf2-IN-1 TFA (compound35) is a Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1-nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Keap1-Nrf2) protein-protein interaction inhibitor, and with an IC50 of 43 nM for Keap1 protein. Keap1-Nrf2-IN-1 TFA activates Nrf2-regulated cytoprotective response and antagonizes acetaminophen-induced liver injury both in cellular and in vivo models[1].
  • HY-151430
    Nrf2/HO-1 activator 1 Activator
    Nrf2/HO-1 activator 1 (Compound 24) is a potent Nrf2/HO-1 activator, neuroprotective agent. Nrf2/HO-1 activator 1 shows neuroprotective and antioxidant activities. Nrf2/HO-1 activator 1 can be used in Parkinson's disease (PD) research[1].
  • HY-148480
    Nrf2 activator-6 Activator
    Nrf2 activator-6, a tetrahydroisoquinoline compound, is a Nrf2 activator. Nrf2 activator-6 has an IC50 of 5 nM for inhibiting the Kelch domain-Nrf2 interaction (WO2021214470A1; Example 4)[1].
  • HY-12519
    Oltipraz Activator 99.74%
    Oltipraz has an inhibitory effect on HIF-1α activation in a time-dependent manner, completely abrogating HIF-1α induction at ≥10 μM concentrations, the IC50 of Oltipraz for HIF-1α inhibition is 10 μM. Oltipraz is a potent Nrf2 activator.
  • HY-N4028
    Hydrangenol Inhibitor
    Hydrangenol is an orally active antiphotoaging compound. It can be isolated from Hydrangea serrata leaves. Hydrangenol prevents wrinkle formation by reducing MMP and inflammatory cytokine expression and increasing moisturizing factors and antioxidant genes level[1].
  • HY-144634
    DDO-7263 Activator 99.63%
    DDO-7263, a 1,2,4-Oxadiazole derivative, is a potent Nrf2-ARE activator. DDO-7263 upregulates Nrf2 through binding to Rpn6 to block the assembly of 26S proteasome and the subsequent degradation of ubiquitinated Nrf2. DDO-7263 induces Nrf2 translocation into the nucleus. DDO-7263 inhibits of NLRP3 inflammasome activation. DDO-7263 exerts anti-inflammatory activity and has the potential for neurodegenerative diseases research, such as Parkinson's disease (PD)[1][2].