1. Apoptosis
  2. MDM-2/p53

MDM-2/p53

The p53 tumor suppressor is a principal mediator of growth arrest, senescence, and apoptosis in response to a broad array of cellular damage. p53 is a short-lived protein that is maintained at low, often undetectable, levels in normal cells. Under stress conditions, the p53 protein accumulates in the cell, binds in its tetrameric form to p53-response elements and induces the transcription of various genes.

MDM-2 is transcriptionally activated by p53 and MDM-2, in turn, inhibits p53 activity in several ways. MDM-2 binds to the p53 transactivation domain and thereby inhibits p53-mediated transactivation. MDM-2 also contains a signal sequence that is similar to the nuclear export signal of various viral proteins and, after binding to p53, it induces its nuclear export. As p53 is a transcription factor, it needs to be in the nucleus to be able to access the DNA; its transport to the cytoplasm by MDM-2 prevents this. Finally, MDM-2 is a ubiquitin ligase, so is able to target p53 for degradation by the proteasome.

In many tumors p53 is inactivated by the overexpression of the negative regulators MDM2 and MDM4 or by the loss of activity of the MDM2 inhibitor ARF. The pathway can be reactivated in these tumors by small molecules that inhibit the interaction of MDM2 and/or MDM4 with p53. Such molecules are now in clinical trials.

MDM-2/p53 Related Products (89):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-10029
    Nutlin-3a MDM2 Inhibitor 98.07%
    Nutlin-3a (Rebemadlin), an active enantiomer of Nutlin-3, is a potent murine double minute (MDM2) inhibitor (IC50=90 nM). Nutlin-3a inhibits MDM2-p53 interactions and stabilizes the p53 protein, and induces cell autophagy and apoptosis. Nutlin-3a has the potential for the study of TP53 wild-type ovarian carcinomas[1][2].
  • HY-15676
    Idasanutlin MDM2 Inhibitor 99.90%
    Idasanutlin (RG7388) is a potent and selective MDM2 antagonist, inhibiting p53-MDM2 binding, with an IC50 of 6 nM.
  • HY-15484
    Pifithrin-α hydrobromide p53 Inhibitor
    Pifithrin-α hydrobromide is a p53 inhibitor which blocks its transcriptional activity and prevents cells from apoptosis. Pifithrin-α hydrobromide is also an aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) agonist.
  • HY-12296
    Navtemadlin MDM2 Inhibitor 99.43%
    Navtemadlin (AMG 232) is a potent, selective and orally available inhibitor of p53-MDM2 interaction, with an IC50 of 0.6 nM. Navtemadlin binds to MDM2 with a Kd of 0.045 nM[1][2].
  • HY-50696
    Nutlin-3 MDM2 Inhibitor 99.18%
    Nutlin-3 is a commercial available p53-MDM2 inhibitor, with Ki of 90 nM.
  • HY-N2602
    Sanggenol L Inhibitor
    Sanggenol L induces caspase-dependent and caspase-independent apoptosis in melanoma skin cancer cells[1]. Sanggenol L induces of apoptosis via suppression of PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling and cell cycle arrest via activation of p53 in p
  • HY-16138A
    Ivaltinostat formic Activator 99.36%
    Ivaltinostat (CG-200745) formic is an orally active, potent pan-HDAC inhibitor which has the hydroxamic acid moiety to bind zinc at the bottom of catalytic pocket. Ivaltinostat formic inhibits deacetylation of histone H3 and tubulin. Ivaltinostat formic induces the accumulation of p53, promotes p53-dependent transactivation, and enhances the expression of MDM2 and p21 (Waf1/Cip1) proteins. Ivaltinostat formic enhances the sensitivity of Gemcitabine-resistant cells to Gemcitabine (HY-16138) and 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU; HY-90006). Ivaltinostat formic induces apoptosis and has anti-tumour effects[1][2][3].
  • HY-132595
    Teprasiran p53 Inhibitor
    Teprasiran (QPI-1002) is a small interfering RNA that temporarily inhibits p53-mediated cell death that underlies acute kidney injury (AKI)[1].
  • HY-19980
    Eprenetapopt p53 Activator
    Eprenetapopt (APR-246) is a first-in-class, small molecule that restores wild-type p53 functions in TP53-mutant cells. Eprenetapopt triggers apoptosis in tumor cells. Eprenetapopt also targets the selenoprotein thioredoxin reductase 1 (TrxR1), a key regulator of cellular redox balance[1][2][3].
  • HY-10959
    RG7112 MDM2 Inhibitor 99.91%
    RG7112 is a potent, selective, first clinical, orally active and blood-brain barrier crossed MDM2-p53 inhibitor, with an IC50 of 18 nM and a KD of 11 nM for binding to MDM2[1].
  • HY-18658
    Siremadlin MDM2 Inhibitor 99.82%
    Siremadlin (NVP-HDM201) is a potent, orally bioavailable and highly specific p53-MDM2 interaction inhibitor.
  • HY-B0639
    Amifostine p53 Activator
    Amifostine (WR2721) is a broad-spectrum cytoprotective agent and a radioprotector. Amifostine selectively protects normal tissues from damage caused by radiation and chemotherapy. Amifostine is potent hypoxia-inducible factor-α1 (HIF-α1) and p53 inducer. Amifostine protects cells from damage by scavenging oxygen-derived free radicals. Amifostine reduces renal toxicity and has antiangiogenic action[1][2][3][4].
  • HY-123076
    Pifithrin-α, p-Nitro, Cyclic p53 Inhibitor
    Pifithrin-α, p-Nitro, Cyclic (PFN-α) is cell-permeable and active-form p53 inhibitor. Pifithrin-α, p-Nitro, Cyclic is one order magnitude more active than Pifithrin-α in protecting cortical neurons exposed to Etoposide (ED50=30 nM). Pifithrin-α, p-Nitro, Cyclic behaves as a p53 posttranscriptional activity inhibitor. Pifithrin-α, p-Nitro, Cyclic do not prevent p53 phosphorylation on the S15 residue[1][2].
  • HY-114312
    MD-224 MDM2 Inhibitor 99.74%
    MD-224 is a first-in-class and highly potent small-molecule human murine double minute 2 (MDM2) degrader based on the proteolysistargeting chimera (PROTAC) concept. MD-224 consists of ligands for Cereblon and MDM2. MD-224 induces rapid degradation of MDM2 at concentrations <1 nM in human leukemia cells, and achieves an IC50 value of 1.5 nM in inhibition of growth of RS4;11 cells. MD-224 has the potential to be a new class of anticancer agent[1].
  • HY-10940
    Pifithrin-μ p53 Inhibitor 98.31%
    Pifithrin-μ is an inhibitor of p53 and HSP70, with antitumor and neuroprotective activity.
  • HY-101266
    Milademetan MDM2 Inhibitor
    Milademetan (DS-3032) is a specific and orally active MDM2 inhibitor for the research of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or solid tumors. Milademetan (DS-3032) induces G1 cell cycle arrest, senescence and apoptosis[1][2].
  • HY-13424
    RITA p53 Activator 99.45%
    RITA is an inhibitor of p53-HDM-2 interaction, binds to p53dN, with a Kd of 1.5 nM, and also induces DNA-DNA cross-links.
  • HY-18935A
    CBL0137 hydrochloride p53 Activator 99.21%
    CBL0137 hydrochloride is an inhibitor of the histone chaperone, FACT. CBL0137 hydrochloride can also activate p53 and inhibits NF-κB with EC50s of 0.37 and 0.47 µM, respectively.
  • HY-17493
    MI-773 MDM2 Inhibitor 98.05%
    MI-773 is a potent MDM2-p53 protein‐protein interaction (PPI) inhibitor with high binding affinity against MDM2 (Kd=8.2 nM). MI-773 has antitumor activity[1][2].
  • HY-18986
    SAR405838 MDM2 Inhibitor
    SAR405838 (MI-77301), an analog of MI-773, is a highly potent and selective MDM2-p53 interaction inhibitor. SAR405838 binds to MDM2 with a Ki of 0.88 nM. SAR405838 induces apoptosis and has potent antitumor activity[1][2].