1. Autophagy
  2. Mitophagy

Mitophagy

Mitophagy is the selective degradation of mitochondria by autophagy.

Mitochondria are essential organelles that regulate cellular energy homeostasis and cell death. The removal of damaged mitochondria through autophagy, a process called mitophagy, is thus critical for maintaining proper cellular functions. Indeed, mitophagy has been recently proposed to play critical roles in terminal differentiation of red blood cells, paternal mitochondrial degradation, neurodegenerative diseases, and ischemia or drug-induced tissue injury.

Autophagy and mitophagy are important cellular processes that are responsible for breaking down cellular contents, preserving energy and safeguarding against accumulation of damaged and aggregated biomolecules.

Mitophagy Related Products (182):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-15142
    Doxorubicin hydrochloride Activator
    Doxorubicin (Hydroxydaunorubicin) hydrochloride, a cytotoxic anthracycline antibiotic, is an anti-cancer chemotherapy agent. Doxorubicin hydrochloride is a potent human DNA topoisomerase I and topoisomerase II inhibitor with IC50s of 0.8 μM and 2.67 μM, respectively. Doxorubicin hydrochloride reduces basal phosphorylation of AMPK and its downstream target acetyl-CoA carboxylase. Doxorubicin hydrochloride induces apoptosis and autophagy[1][2][3].
  • HY-14648
    Dexamethasone Activator 99.86%
    Dexamethasone (Hexadecadrol) is a glucocorticoid receptor agonist, apoptosis inducer, and common disease inducer in experimental animals, constructing models of muscle atrophy, hypertension, and depression. Dexamethasone can inhibit the production of inflammatory miRNA-155 exosomes in macrophages and significantly reduce the expression of inflammatory factors in neutrophils and monocytes. Dexamethasone also has potential for use in COVID-19 research[1][2][3][4].
  • HY-13629
    Etoposide Activator
    Etoposide (VP-16; VP-16-213) is an anti-cancer chemotherapy agent. Etoposide inhibits topoisomerase II, thus stopping DNA replication. Etoposide induces cell cycle arrest, apoptosis and autophagy[1].
  • HY-10162
    Olaparib Activator 99.94%
    Olaparib (AZD2281; KU0059436) is a potent and orally active PARP inhibitor with IC50s of 5 and 1 nM for PARP1 and PARP2, respectively. Olaparib is an autophagy and mitophagy activator[1][2][3][4].
  • HY-19312
    3-Methyladenine Inhibitor
    3-Methyladenine (3-MA) is a PI3K inhibitor. 3-Methyladenine is a widely used inhibitor of autophagy via its inhibitory effect on class III PI3K[1].
  • HY-138978
    MF-095 Inducer
    MF-095 is a USP30 inhibitor. MF-095 promotes mitochondrial autophagy. MF-095 can be used in neurological disease-related research[1].
  • HY-10585R
    Valproic acid (Standard) Activator
    Valproic acid (Dipropylacetic Acid) (Standard) is an analytical standard for valproic acid. This product is intended for research and analytical applications. Valproic acid is an orally active HDAC inhibitor (IC50=0.5-2 mM), inhibits the activity of HDAC1 (IC50=400 μM), and induces the degradation of HDAC2. Valproic acid activates Notch1 signaling and inhibits the proliferation of small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cells. Valproic acid is used in the study of epilepsy, bipolar disorder, metabolic diseases, HIV infection, and migraine[1][2][3][4][5][6][7].
  • HY-13735E
    Quinacrine methanesulfonate Inhibitor
    Quinacrine (Mepacrine) methanesulfonate is a potent, orally active antimalarial agent with antitumor effects in vitro and in vivo. Quinacrine dihydrochloride inhibits NF-κB and activates p53 signaling, inducing apoptosis in tumor cells[1][2].
  • HY-18085
    Quercetin Activator
    Quercetin, a natural flavonoid, is a stimulator of recombinant SIRT1 and also a PI3K inhibitor with IC50 of 2.4 μM, 3.0 μM and 5.4 μM for PI3K γ, PI3K δ and PI3K β, respectively[1].
  • HY-B1392S
    Esmolol-d7 hydrochloride Inhibitor
    Esmolol-d7 (hydrochloride) is the deuterium labeled Esmolol hydrochloride. Esmolol hydrochloride is a beta adrenergic receptor blocker[1][2].
  • HY-134640
    AUTAC4 Activator 99.31%
    AUTAC4 is a mitochondria-targeting autophagy-targeting chimera (AUTAC). AUTAC4 downregulates cytosolic proteins and promotes targeted mitochondrial turnover via mitophagy[1].
  • HY-115576
    P62-mediated mitophagy inducer Activator
    P62-mediated mitophagy inducer (PMI) is a P62-mediated mitophagy activator. P62-mediated mitophagy inducer activates mitochondrial autophagy without recruitment of Parkin or collapse of the mitochondrial membrane potential and remains active in cells lacking a fully functional PINK1/Parkin pathway. P62-mediated mitophagy inducer serves as a pharmacological tool to study the molecular mechanisms of mitosis, avoiding toxicity and some of the non-specific effects associated with the sudden dissipation of mitochondria lacking membrane potential[1].
  • HY-14541S1
    Olanzapine-d4 Activator
    Olanzapine-d4 (LY170053-d4) is deuterium-labeled Olanzapine (HY-14541)[1].
  • HY-14590
    Kaempferol Activator 99.92%
    Kaempferol (Kempferol), a flavonoid found in many edible plants, inhibits estrogen receptor α expression in breast cancer cells and induces apoptosis in glioblastoma cells and lung cancer cells by activation of MEK-MAPK. Kaempferol can be uesd for the research of breast cancer[1][2][3][4].
  • HY-14648S3
    Dexamethasone-4,6α,21,21-d4 Activator
    Dexamethasone-4,6α,21,21-d4 is the deuterium labeled Dexamethasone-4,6α,21,21. Dexamethasone (Hexadecadrol) is a glucocorticoid receptor agonist. Dexamethasone also significantly decreases CD11b, CD18, and CD62L expression on neutrophils, and CD11b and CD18 expression on monocytes. Dexamethasone is highly effective in the control of COVID-19 infection. Dexamethasone inhibits production of exosomes containing inflammatory microRNA-155 in lipopolysaccharide-induced macrophage inflammatory responses.
  • HY-13735AR
    Quinacrine dihydrochloride (Standard) Inhibitor
    Quinacrine (dihydrochloride) (Standard) is the analytical standard of Quinacrine (dihydrochloride). This product is intended for research and analytical applications. Quinacrine (Mepacrine) dihydrochloride is an orally bioavailable antimalarial agent, which possess anticancer effect both in vitro and vivo. Quinacrine dihydrochloride suppresses NF-κB and activate p53 signaling, which results in the induction of the apoptosis[1].
  • HY-10162R
    Olaparib (Standard) Activator
    Olaparib (Standard) is the analytical standard of Olaparib. This product is intended for research and analytical applications. Olaparib (AZD2281; KU0059436) is a potent and orally active PARP inhibitor with IC50s of 5 and 1 nM for PARP1 and PARP2, respectively. Olaparib is an autophagy and mitophagy activator[1][2][3][4].
  • HY-13735A
    Quinacrine dihydrochloride Inhibitor
    Quinacrine (Mepacrine) dihydrochloride is an orally bioavailable antimalarial agent, which possess anticancer effect both in vitro and vivo. Quinacrine dihydrochloride suppresses NF-κB and activate p53 signaling, which results in the induction of the apoptosis[1].
  • HY-10585S4
    Valproic acid-d4-1 Activator
    Valproic acid-d4-1 is the deuterium labeled Valproic acid. Valproic acid (VPA; 2-Propylpentanoic Acid) is an HDAC inhibitor, with IC50 in the range of 0.5 and 2 mM, also inhibits HDAC1 (IC50, 400 μM), and induces proteasomal degradation of HDAC2. Valproic acid activates Notch1 signaling and inhibits proliferation in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cells. Valproic acid sodium salt is used in the treatment of epilepsy, bipolar disorder and prevention of migraine headaches[1][2].
  • HY-B0329R
    Isoniazid (Standard) Activator
    Isoniazid (Standard) is the analytical standard of Isoniazid. This product is intended for research and analytical applications. Isoniazid (INH) is a proagent and must be activated by a bacterial catalase-peroxidase enzyme KatG. Isoniazid is bactericidal to rapidly dividing mycobacteria and has anti-tuberculostatic activity[1][2][3][4].