1. Membrane Transporter/Ion Channel
  2. Monoamine Transporter

Monoamine Transporter

Monoamine transporters (MATs) belong to the solute carrier 6 (SLC6) family of human transporters, which, in turn, is a subfamily of the broader neurotransmitter:sodium symporters (NSSs) that comprise transporters from prokaryotic to human. MATs comprise three main members-the dopamine (DA) transporter (DAT), serotonin transporter (SERT) and norepinephrine transporter (NET). MATs regulate neurotransmission via the reuptake of dopamine, serotonin and norepinephrine from extra-neuronal regions and thus maintain neurotransmitter homeostasis.

MATs are transmembrane proteins located in plasma membranes of monoaminergic neurons. These proteins use ion (Na+, Cl) gradients as energy sources to move monoamines into or out of neurons. In the membrane of intracellular synaptic vesicles is the vesicular monoamine transporters 1 and 2 (VMAT1 and VMAT2), which use a proton gradient as the energy source to sequester cytosolic monoamines into the vesicles and then release the monoamines into synaptic cleft by exocytosis. Dysregulation of MATs has been linked to depression, anxiety disorder, attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, substance-use disorders, epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease and autism-spectrum disorder. Thus, MATs serve as pharmacological targets for several neuropsychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders.

Monoamine Transporter Related Products (26):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-B0590
    Tetrabenazine Inhibitor
    Tetrabenazine (Ro 1-9569) is a reversible inhibitor of the vesicular monoamine transporter VMAT2 with the Kd value of 1.34 nM. Tetrabenazine can be used for research on diseases related to hyperactive movement disorders such as Huntington's disease[1][2][3].
  • HY-N0480A
    Reserpine hydrochloride Inhibitor 99.90%
    Reserpine hydrochloride is an inhibitor of the vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2).
  • HY-16771
    Valbenazine Inhibitor
    Valbenazine (NBI-98854) is a vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2) inhibitor with the Ki of 110-190 nM[1].
  • HY-N0480
    Reserpine Inhibitor
    Reserpine is an inhibitor of the vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2).
  • HY-17590
    Radafaxine hydrochloride Inhibitor 99.01%
    Radafaxine hydrochloride (GW-353162A) is a DAT (dopamine transporter) and NET(norepinephrine transporter) transporters inhibitor, and nAChR family modulator.
  • HY-B1704
    Nisoxetine Inhibitor 98.28%
    Nisoxetine is a potent and selective inhibitor of noradrenaline transporter (NET), with a Kd of 0.76 nM. Nisoxetine is an antidepressant and local anesthetic, it can block voltage-gated sodium channels[1][2][3].
  • HY-148863
    Cavα2δ1&NET-IN-2 Inhibitor
    Cavα2δ1&NET-IN-2 (Compound 45CS) is a dual inhibitor of the α2δ‑1 subunit of voltage-gated calcium channels (Cavα2δ-1) and the norepinephrine transporter (NET). Cavα2δ1&NET-IN-2 inhibits Cavα2δ-1 with a Ki of 454 nM. Cavα2δ1&NET-IN-2 inhibits NET with a Ki of 59 nM and IC50 of 7 nM. Cavα2δ1&NET-IN-2 can be used for research of pain[1].
  • HY-148862
    Cavα2δ1&NET-IN-1 Inhibitor
    Cavα2δ1&NET-IN-1 (Compound 59S) is a dual inhibitor of the α2δ‑1 subunit of voltage-gated calcium channels (Cavα2δ-1) and the norepinephrine transporter (NET). Cavα2δ1&NET-IN-1 inhibits Cavα2δ-1 with a Ki of 112 nM. Cavα2δ1&NET-IN-1 inhibits NET with a Ki of 383 nM and IC50 of 67 nM. Cavα2δ1&NET-IN-1 can be used for research of pain[1].
  • HY-B0590B
    (+)-Tetrabenazine Inhibitor 99.95%
    (+)-Tetrabenazine ((+)-TBZ; (3R,11bR)-TBZ; (3R,11bR)-Tetrabenazine) is a reversible inhibitor of vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT-2), inhibits transport by VMAT2 with 10-fold greater potency than transport by VMAT1.
  • HY-101416
    Vanilpyruvic acid
    Vanilpyruvic acid is a catecholamine metabolite and precursor to vanillactic acid.
  • HY-B0590S1
    (+)-Tetrabenazine D6
    (+)-Tetrabenazine-d6 is the deuterium labeled (+)-Tetrabenazine. (+)-Tetrabenazine is a reversible inhibitor of vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT-2).
  • HY-15793
    NBI-98782 Inhibitor 98.73%
    NBI-98782(alpha-dihydrotetrabenazine) is a vesicular monoamine transporter (VMAT2) inhibtior with an Ki value of 0.97 nM.
  • HY-B0590E
    Tetrabenazine mesylate Inhibitor
    Tetrabenazine (Ro 1-9569) mesylate is a reversible inhibitor of the vesicular monoamine transporter VMAT2 with the Kd value of 1.34 nM. Tetrabenazine mesylate can be used for research on diseases related to hyperactive movement disorders such as Huntington's disease[1][2][3].
  • HY-131006
    FFN200 dihydrochloride
    FFN200 dihydrochloride, a fluorescent substrate of VMAT2, selectively trace monoamine exocytosis in both neuronal cell culture and brain tissue. The fluorescence excitation and emission maxima of FFN200 are determined to be 352 and 451 nm, respectively[1].
  • HY-B0590S
    Tetrabenazine-d6 Inhibitor
    Tetrabenazine-d6 is the deuterium labeled Tetrabenazine, which is a VMAT-inhibitor used for treatment of hyperkinetic movement disorder.
  • HY-16771A
    Valbenazine tosylate Inhibitor
    Valbenazine tosylate (NBI-98854 tosylate) is a vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2) inhibitor with the Ki of 110-190 nM[1].
  • HY-B1704A
    Nisoxetine hydrochloride Inhibitor
    Nisoxetine hydrochloride is a potent and selective inhibitor of noradrenaline transporter (NET), with a Kd of 0.76 nM. Nisoxetine hydrochloride is an antidepressant and local anesthetic, it can block voltage-gated sodium channels[1][2][3].
  • HY-103465
    FFN511 Inhibitor
    FFN511 is a potent fluorescent false neurotransmitters (FFNs) that targets neuronal vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMA T2). FFN511 inhibits serotonin binding to VMA T2-containing membranes with an IC50 of 1 µM. FFN511 directly images the dynamics of release during exocytosis, can be used to label dopamine terminals in live cortical-striatalacute slices[1][2].
  • HY-N0480S
    Reserpine-d9 Inhibitor
    Reserpine-d9 is the deuterium labeled Reserpine. Reserpine is an inhibitor of the vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2).
  • HY-G0025
    Tetrabenazine Metabolite Inhibitor
    Tetrabenazine Metabolite is an active metabolite of Tetrabenazine. Tetrabenazine Metabolite is a vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2) inhibitor with a high affinity (Ki=13.4 nM)[1]. Tetrabenazine Metabolite is be developed for the treatment of chorea associated with Huntington’s disease and other hyperkinetic disorders[1].