1. Immunology/Inflammation
  2. NO Synthase

NO Synthase

Nitric oxide synthases (NOSs) are a family of enzymes catalyzing the production of nitric oxide (NO) from L-arginine. NO synthases catalyze the oxidation of L-arginine to NO and L-citrulline. Mammals contain three NOS isoforms: neuronal NOS (nNOS), inducible NOS (iNOS), and endothelial NOS (eNOS). NO produced from these different NOS isoforms is involved in a wide range of physiologic functions in the nervous, immune, and cardiovascular systems. Unregulated NO production can lead to pathologic conditions such as stroke, inflammation, and hypertension. Therefore, the control of NOS activity by isoform selective NOS inhibitors has great potential for therapeutic treatments of NO-related diseases.

NO Synthase Related Products (76):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-13683
    Mifepristone Inhibitor 98.67%
    Mifepristone (RU486) is a progesterone receptor (PR) and glucocorticoid receptor (GR) antagonist with IC50s of 0.2 nM and 2.6 nM in in vitro assay[1].
  • HY-18729A
    L-NAME hydrochloride Inhibitor
    L-NAME hydrochloride inhibits NOS with an IC50 of 70 μM. L-NAME is a precursor to NOS inhibitor L-NOARG which has an IC50 value of 1.4 μM.
  • HY-18732A
    L-NMMA acetate Inhibitor 98.58%
    L-NMMA acetate is a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor of all NOS isoforms including NOS1, NOS2, and NOS3. The Ki values for nNOS (rat), eNOS (human), and iNOS (mouse) are approximately 0.18, 0.4, and 6 µM, respectively.
  • HY-18731
    1400W Dihydrochloride Inhibitor 99.65%
    1400W dihydrochloride is a potent and selective inhibitor of human inducible NO synthase with Ki values of 7 nM.
  • HY-121526
    S-Nitroso-N-acetyl-DL-penicillamine Agonist
    S-Nitroso-N-acetyl-DL-penicillamine (SNAP) is a nitric oxide donor and acts as a stable inhibitor of platelet aggregation[1][2][3][4].
  • HY-138564
    NOS-IN-1 Inhibitor
    NOS-IN-1 is a potent and orally active NO synthase (NOS) isoforms inhibitor with IC50s of 0.1 μM, 1.1 μM, and 0.2 μM for human iNOS (hiNOS), heNOS and hnNOS, respectively[1].
  • HY-130452
    NOS1-IN-1 Inhibitor
    NOS1-IN-1 is a selective and cell-permeable nNOS inhibitor with a Ki of 120 nM. NOS1-IN-1 exhibits 2617-fold and 325-fold selectivity over eNOS (Ki=39 μM) and iNOS (Ki=325μM) , respectively[1]. NOS1-IN-1 can be used for the research of neurological disease, including cerebral palsy (CP)[2].
  • HY-138454
    MEG hemisulfate Inhibitor
    MEG (Mercaptoethylguanidine) hemisulfate is a potent and selective inhibitor of the inducible NO synthase (iNOS), with EC50s of 11.5, 110, and 60 μM for iNOS, ecNOS, and bNOS respectively in tissue homogenates. MEG hemisulfate is also a potent scavenger of peroxynitrite and inhibits peroxynitrite-induced oxidative processes. MEG hemisulfate has a protective effect in many experimental models of inflammation, including ischemia/reperfusion injury, periodontitis, hemorrhagic shock, inflammatory bowel disease, and endotoxic and septic shock[1][2][3][4].
  • HY-14536
    Methylene Blue Inhibitor
    Methylene blue (Basic Blue 9) is a guanylyl cyclase (sGC), monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) and NO synthase (NOS) inhibitor. Methylene blue is a vasopressor and is often used as a dye in several medical procedures. Methylene blue has antinociception, antimalarial, antidepressant and anxiolytic activity effects. Methylene Blue has the potential for methemoglobinemias, neurodegenerative disorders and ifosfamide-induced encephalopathytreatment[1][2][3].
  • HY-113216
    Asymmetric dimethylarginine Inhibitor
    Asymmetric dimethylarginine is an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), and functions as a marker of endothelial dysfunction in a number of pathological states.
  • HY-N0455
    L-Arginine Activator
    L-Arginine ((S)-(+)-Arginine) is the substrate for the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) to generate NO. L-Arginine is transported into vascular smooth muscle cells by the cationic amino acid transporter family of proteins where it is metabolized to nitric oxide (NO), polyamines, or L-proline[1][2].
  • HY-N1445
    Isoquercetin Inhibitor 99.87%
    Isoquercetin (Quercetin 3-glucoside) is a naturally occurring polyphenol that has antioxidant, anti-proliferative, and anti-inflammatory properties. Isoquercetin alleviates ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity, oxidative stress, and inflammatory responses via the Nrf2/ARE antioxidant signaling pathway[1]. Isoquercetin regulates the expression of nitric oxide synthase 2 (NO2) via modulating the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) transcription regulation system. Isoquercetin has high bioavailability and low toxicity, is a promising candidate agent to prevent birth defects in diabetic pregnancies[2].
  • HY-107383
    Tetrahydrobiopterin 99.87%
    Tetrahydrobiopterin ((Rac)-Sapropterin) is a cofactor of the aromatic amino acid hydroxylases enzymes and also acts as an essential cofactor for all nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms.
  • HY-B2162
    Chondroitin sulfate
    Chondroitin sulfate, one of five classes of glycosaminoglycans, has been widely used in the treatment of osteoarthritis. Chondroitin sulfate reduces inflammation mediators and the apoptotic process and is able to reduce protein production of inflammatory cytokines, iNOS and MMPs.
  • HY-P0117A
    Tat-NR2B9c TFA Inhibitor 99.67%
    Tat-NR2B9c TFA (Tat-NR2Bct TFA) is a postsynaptic density-95 (PSD-95) inhibitor, with EC50 values of 6.7 nM and 670 nM for PSD-95d2 (PSD-95 PDZ domain 2) and PSD-95d1, respectively. Tat-NR2B9c TFA disrupts the PSD-95/NMDAR interaction, inhibiting NR2A and NR2B binding to PSD-95 with IC50 values of 0.5 μM and 8 μM, respectively. Tat-NR2B9c TFA also inhibits neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS)/PSD-95 interaction, and possesses neuroprotective efficacy[1].
  • HY-12116
    L-NIL Inhibitor
    L-NIL is an inducible NO synthase inhibitor, with an IC50 of 3.3 μM for miNOS[1][2][3].
  • HY-N0904
    Ginsenoside C-K Inhibitor
    Ginsenoside C-K, a bacterial metabolite of G-Rb1, exhibits anti-inflammatory effects by reducing iNOS and COX-2. Ginsenoside C-K exhibits an inhibition against the activity of CYP2C9 and CYP2A6 in human liver microsomes with IC50s of 32.0±3.6 μM and 63.6±4.2 μM, respectively.
  • HY-12119
    GW274150 Inhibitor
    GW274150 is a potent, selective, orally active and NADPH-dependent inhibitor of human inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) (IC50=2.19 μM; Kd=40 nM) and rat iNOS (ED50=1.15 μM). GW274150 also displays less potency for both humans or rats endothelial NOS (eNOS) and neuronal NOS (nNOS). GW274150 exerts a protective role in an acute model of lung injury inflammation[1][2].
  • HY-P0117
    Tat-NR2B9c Inhibitor
    Tat-NR2B9c (Tat-NR2Bct; NA-1) is a postsynaptic density-95 (PSD-95) inhibitor, with EC50 values of 6.7 nM and 670 nM for PSD-95d2 (PSD-95 PDZ domain 2) and PSD-95d1, respectively. Tat-NR2B9c disrupts the PSD-95/NMDAR interaction, inhibiting NR2A and NR2B binding to PSD-95 with IC50 values of 0.5 μM and 8 μM, respectively. Tat-NR2B9c also inhibits neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS)/PSD-95 interaction, and possesses neuroprotective efficacy[1][2][5].
  • HY-102015
    6-Biopterin
    6-Biopterin (L-Biopterin), a pterin derivative, is a NO synthase cofactor.