1. Cell Cycle/DNA Damage
  2. Nucleoside Antimetabolite/Analog

Nucleoside Antimetabolite/Analog

Nucleoside analogues are molecules that act like nucleosides in DNA synthesis. They include a range of antiviral products used to prevent viral replication in infected cells. Nucleoside analogues can be used against hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, herpes simplex, and HIV. Once they are phosphorylated, they work as antimetabolites by being similar enough to nucleotidesto be incorporated into growing DNA strands. Less selective nucleoside analogues are used as chemotherapy agents to treat cancer, eg gemcitabine and 5-FU. Antimetabolite is a chemical that inhibits the use of a metabolite, which is another chemical that is part of normal metabolism. Such substances are often similar in structure to the metabolite that they interfere with, such as the antifolates that interfere with the use of folic acid. The presence of antimetabolites can have toxic effects on cells, such as halting cell growth and cell division, so these compounds are used as chemotherapy for cancer.

Nucleoside Antimetabolite/Analog Related Products (1534):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-90006
    5-Fluorouracil Inhibitor
    5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is an analogue of uracil and a potent antitumor agent. 5-Fluorouracil affects pyrimidine synthesis by inhibiting thymidylate synthetase thus depleting intracellular dTTP pools. 5-Fluorouracil induces apoptosis and can be used as a chemical sensitizer[1][2]. 5-Fluorouracil also inhibits HIV[3].
  • HY-13605
    Cytarabine
    Cytarabine, a nucleoside analog, causes S phase cell cycle arrest and inhibits DNA polymerase. Cytarabine inhibits DNA synthesis with an IC50 of 16 nM. Cytarabine has antiviral effects against HSV. Cytarabine shows anti-orthopoxvirus activity.
  • HY-10586
    5-Azacytidine
    5-Azacytidine (Azacitidine; 5-AzaC; Ladakamycin) is a nucleoside analogue of cytidine that specifically inhibits DNA methylation. 5-Azacytidine is incorporated into DNA to covalently trap DNA methyltransferases and contributes to reverse epigenetic changes[1][2]. 5-Azacytidine induces cell autophagy[4].
  • HY-17026
    Gemcitabine Inhibitor
    Gemcitabine (LY 188011) is a pyrimidine nucleoside analog antimetabolite and an antineoplastic agent. Gemcitabine inhibits DNA synthesis and repair, resulting in autophagyand apoptosis[1][2].
  • HY-A0004
    Decitabine
    Decitabine (NSC 127716) is an orally active deoxycytidine analogue antimetabolite and a DNA methyltransferase inhibitor. Decitabine incorporates into DNA in place of cytosine can covalently trap DNA methyltransferase to DNA causing irreversible inhibition of the enzyme. Decitabine induces cell G2/M arrest and cell apoptosis. Decitabine has potent anticancer activity[1][2].
  • HY-154842
    S-Gem
    S-Gem is a TrxR-dependent prodrug of Gemcitabine (HY-17026) and selectively activated by TrxR. S-Gem shows less cytotoxicity compared to Gemcitabine[1].
  • HY-106689A
    Dihydro-5-azacytidine acetate
    Dihydro-5-azacytidine acetate (DHAC), the nucleoside analog, is incorporated into DNA and inhibits DNA methylation. Dihydro-5-azacytidine acetate has an antitumor activity[1][2].
  • HY-154496A
    2’-Deoxy-N3-methylcytidine hydriodide
    2’-Deoxy-N3-methylcytidine hydriodide is a purine nucleoside analog. Purine nucleoside analogs have broad antitumor activity targeting indolent lymphoid malignancies. Anticancer mechanisms in this process rely on inhibition of DNA synthesis, induction of apoptosis, etc[1].
  • HY-154660
    N4-Benzoyl-2’-deoxy-5-iodocytidine
    N4-Benzoyl-2’-deoxy-5-iodocytidine is a purine nucleoside analog. Purine nucleoside analogs have broad antitumor activity targeting indolent lymphoid malignancies. Anticancer mechanisms in this process rely on inhibition of DNA synthesis, induction of apoptosis, etc[1].
  • HY-154437
    3’-β-Amino-2’,3’-dideoxy-5’-O-methoxy trityluridine
    3’-β-Amino-2’,3’-dideoxy-5’-O-methoxy trityluridine is a purine nucleoside analog. Purine nucleoside analogs have broad antitumor activity targeting indolent lymphoid malignancies. Anticancer mechanisms in this process rely on inhibition of DNA synthesis, induction of apoptosis, etc[1].
  • HY-154417
    2’,3’-Bis(O-t-butyldimethylsilyl)-2-thiouridine
    2’,3’-Bis(O-t-butyldimethylsilyl)-2-thiouridine is a purine nucleoside analog. Purine nucleoside analogs have broad antitumor activity targeting indolent lymphoid malignancies. Anticancer mechanisms in this process rely on inhibition of DNA synthesis, induction of apoptosis, etc[1].
  • HY-103185
    CCPA
    CCPA (2-Chloro-N6-cyclopentyladenosine) is a purine nucleoside analog. Purine nucleoside analogs have broad antitumor activity targeting indolent lymphoid malignancies. Anticancer mechanisms in this process rely on inhibition of DNA synthesis, induction of apoptosis, etc[1].
  • HY-152870
    2’-O-(2-Azidoethyl)adenosine
    2’-O-(2-Azidoethyl)adenosine is a purine nucleoside analogue. Purine nucleoside analogs have broad antitumor activity targeting indolent lymphoid malignancies. Anticancer mechanisms in this process rely on inhibition of DNA synthesis, induction of apoptosis, etc[1].
  • HY-W048479
    7-Iodo-2',3'-dideoxy-7-deaza-guanosine 98.77%
    7-Iodo-2',3'-dideoxy-7-deaza-guanosine is a dideoxynucleoside that can be used in DNA synthesis and sequencing reactions[1].
  • HY-154232
    4′,5′-Didehydro-5′-deoxyadenosine
    4′,5′-Didehydro-5′-deoxyadenosine is a purine nucleoside analog. Purine nucleoside analogs have broad antitumor activity targeting indolent lymphoid malignancies. Anticancer mechanisms in this process rely on inhibition of DNA synthesis, induction of apoptosis, etc[1].
  • HY-154170
    2',3',5'-Tri-O-acetyl-2-thiouridine
    2',3',5'-Tri-O-acetyl-2-thiouridine is a purine nucleoside analog. Purine nucleoside analogs have broad antitumor activity targeting indolent lymphoid malignancies. Anticancer mechanisms in this process rely on inhibition of DNA synthesis, induction of apoptosis, etc[1].
  • HY-152819
    4-Amino-5-iodo-7-(2-β-C-methyl-β-D-ribofuranosyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine
    4-Amino-5-iodo-7-(2-β-C-methyl-β-D-ribofuranosyl)-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine is a purine nucleoside analogue. Purine nucleoside analogs have broad antitumor activity targeting indolent lymphoid malignancies. Anticancer mechanisms in this process rely on inhibition of DNA synthesis, induction of apoptosis, etc[1].
  • HY-154779
    5′-Deoxy-5-fluoro-N-[(2-methylbutoxy)carbonyl]cytidine
    5′-Deoxy-5-fluoro-N-[(2-methylbutoxy)carbonyl]cytidine is a purine nucleoside analog. Purine nucleoside analogs have broad antitumor activity targeting indolent lymphoid malignancies. Anticancer mechanisms in this process rely on inhibition of DNA synthesis, induction of apoptosis, etc[1].
  • HY-W606687
    N-(2-Phenoxyacetyl)adenosine
    N-(2-Phenoxyacetyl)adenosine is an adenosine analog. Adenosine analogs mostly act as smooth muscle vasodilators and have also been shown to inhibit cancer progression. Its popular products are adenosine phosphate, Acadesine (HY-13417), Clofarabine (HY-A0005), Fludarabine phosphate (HY-B0028) and Vidarabine (HY-B0277)[1].
  • HY-152585
    3’-Azido-3’-deoxy-5-fluoro-beta-L-uridine
    3’-Azido-3’-deoxy-5-fluoro-beta-L-uridine is a purine nucleoside analogue. Purine nucleoside analogs have broad antitumor activity targeting indolent lymphoid malignancies. Anticancer mechanisms in this process rely on inhibition of DNA synthesis, induction of apoptosis, etc[1].