1. Epigenetics
    TGF-beta/Smad
  2. PKC

PKC

PKC (Protein kinase C) is a family of protein kinase enzymes that are involved in controlling the function of otherproteins through the phosphorylation of hydroxyl groups of serine and threonine amino acid residues on these proteins. PKC enzymes in turn are activated by signals such as increases in the concentration of diacylglycerol (DAG) or calcium ions (Ca2+). Hence PKC enzymes play important roles in several signal transduction cascades. The PKC family consists of 15 isozymes in humans: PKC-α (PRKCA), PKC-β1 (PRKCB), PKC-β2 (PRKCB), PKC-γ (PRKCG), PKC-δ (PRKCD), PKC-δ1 (PRKD1), PKC-δ2 (PRKD2), PKC-δ3 (PRKD3), PKC-ε (PRKCE), PKC-η (PRKCH), PKC-θ (PRKCQ), PKC-ι (PRKCI), PKC-ζ (PRKCZ), PK-N1 (PKN1), PK-N2 (PKN2), PK-N3 (PKN3). PKC is involved in receptor desensitization, in modulating membrane structure events, in regulating transcription, in mediating immune responses, in regulating cell growth, and in learning and memory. These functions are achieved by PKC-mediated phosphorylation of other proteins.

PKC Related Products (121):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-18739
    Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate Activator
    Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), a phorbol ester, is a dual SphK and protein kinase C (PKC) activator[1][2]. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate is a NF-κB activator. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces differentiation in THP-1 cells[3][7].
  • HY-15141
    Staurosporine Inhibitor
    Staurosporine is a potent, ATP-competitive and non-selective inhibitor of protein kinases with IC50s of 6 nM, 15 nM, 2 nM, and 3 nM for PKC, PKA, c-Fgr, and Phosphorylase kinase respectively. Staurosporine also inhibits TAOK2 with an IC50 of 3 μM. Staurosporine is an apoptosis inducer[1][2][3][4][5].
  • HY-13434
    Ionomycin Activator
    Ionomycin (SQ23377) is a potent, selective calcium ionophore and an antibiotic produced by Streptomyces conglobatus. Ionomycin (SQ23377) is highly specific for divalent cations (Ca>Mg>Sr=Ba). Ionomycin (SQ23377) promotes apoptosis. Ionomycin also induces the activation of protein kinase C (PKC)[1][2][3].
  • HY-13689
    Go 6983 Inhibitor 98.01%
    Go 6983 is a pan-PKC inhibitor against for PKCα, PKCβ, PKCγ, PKCδ and PKCζ with IC50 of 7 nM, 7 nM, 6 nM, 10 nM and 60 nM, respectively.
  • HY-10230
    Midostaurin Inhibitor
    Midostaurin (PKC412; CGP 41251) is a multi-targeted protein kinase inhibitor which inhibits PKCα/β/γ, Syk, Flk-1, Akt, PKA, c-Kit, c-Fgr, c-Src, FLT3, PDFRβ and VEGFR1/2 with IC50s ranging from 22-500 nM[1][2].
  • HY-136490
    Psychosine Inhibitor
    Psychosine (Galactosylsphingosine), a substrate of the galactocerebrosidase (GALC) enzyme, is a potential biomarker for Krabbe disease[1]. Psychosine is a highly cytotoxic lipid, capable of inducing cell death in a wide variety of cell types including, most relevantly to globoid cell leukodystrophy (GLD), oligodendrocytes. Psychosine causes cell death at least in part via apoptosis. Psychosine also is an inhibitor of PKC[1].
  • HY-115767
    (±)-1,2-Diolein Activator
    (±)-1,2-Diolein (1,2-Dioleoyl-rac-glycerol) is a PKC activator. (±)-1,2-Diolein increases myotubes Ca2+ influx[1].
  • HY-100984A
    HA-100 hydrochloride Inhibitor
    HA-100 hydrochloride is a potent protein kinase inhibitor, with IC50s of 4 μM, 8 μM, 12 μM and 240 μM for cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG), cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA), protein kinase C (PKC) and MLC-kinase, respectively. HA-100 hydrochloride also used as a ROCK inhibitor[1][2].
  • HY-13502
    Mitoxantrone Inhibitor
    Mitoxantrone is a topoisomerase II inhibitor; also inhibits protein kinase C (PKC) activity with an IC50 of 8.5 μM.
  • HY-13867
    Bisindolylmaleimide I Inhibitor 99.03%
    Bisindolylmaleimide I (GF109203X) is a highly selective, cell-permeable, and reversible protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor with a Ki of 14 nM.
  • HY-10341
    Fasudil Hydrochloride Inhibitor
    Fasudil Hydrochloride (HA-1077 Hydrochloride; AT877 Hydrochloride), is a nonspecific RhoA/ROCK inhibitor and also has inhibitory effect on protein kinases, with an Ki of 0.33 μM for ROCK1, IC50s of 0.158 μM and 4.58 μM, 12.30 μM, 1.650 μM for ROCK2 and PKA, PKC, PKG, respectively[1]. Fasudil Hydrochloride is also a potent Ca2+ channel antagonist and vasodilator[2].
  • HY-10343
    Sotrastaurin Inhibitor 99.89%
    Sotrastaurin (AEB071) is a potent and orally-active pan-PKC inhibitor, with Kis of 0.22 nM, 0.64 nM, 0.95 nM, 1.8 nM, 2.1 nM and 3.2 nM for PKCθ, PKCβ, PKCα, PKCη, PKCδ and PKCε, respectively[1].
  • HY-18980
    Rottlerin Inhibitor
    Rottlerin, a natural product purified from Mallotus Philippinensis, is a specific PKC inhibitor, with IC50 values for PKCδ of 3-6 μM, PKCα,β,γ of 30-42 μM, PKCε,η,ζ of 80-100 μM. Rottlerin acts as a direct mitochondrial uncoupler, and stimulates autophagy by targeting a signaling cascade upstream of mTORC1. Rottlerin induces apoptosis via caspase 3 activation[1][2][3]. Rottlerin inhibits HIV-1 integration and Rabies virus (RABV) infection[4][5].
  • HY-10342
    Enzastaurin Inhibitor 99.92%
    Enzastaurin (LY317615) is a potent and selective PKCβ inhibitor with an IC50 of 6 nM, showing 6- to 20-fold selectivity over PKCα, PKCγ and PKCε[1].
  • HY-N6732
    K-252a Inhibitor
    K-252a, a staurosporine analog, inhibits protein kinase, with IC50 values of 470 nM, 140 nM, 270 nM, and 1.7 nM for PKC, PKA, Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent kinase type II, and phosphorylase kinase, respectively[1][2]. K-252a is a potent inhibitor (IC50 of 3 nM) of the tyrosine protein kinase (TRK) activity of the NGF receptor gp140trk, the product of the trk protooncogene[3].
  • HY-15727
    Afuresertib Inhibitor 99.86%
    Afuresertib (GSK2110183) is an orally bioavailable, selective, ATP-competitive and potent pan-Akt kinase inhibitor with Kis of 0.08/2/2.6 nM for Akt1/Akt2/Akt3, respectively[1][2].
  • HY-13502A
    Mitoxantrone dihydrochloride Inhibitor 98.01%
    Mitoxantrone dihydrochloride is a topoisomerase II inhibitor; also inhibits protein kinase C (PKC) activity with an IC50 of 8.5 μM.
  • HY-18985
    Phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate Activator 98.92%
    Phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate (Phorbol dibutyrate) is a PKC activator and a potent skin tumor promoter[1][2].
  • HY-13866
    Ro 31-8220 mesylate Inhibitor
    Ro 31-8220 mesylate is a potent PKC inhibitor, with IC50s of 5, 24, 14, 27, 24 and 23 nM for PKCα, PKCβI, PKCβII, PKCγ, PKCε and rat brain PKC, respectively. Ro 31-8220 also significantly inhibits MAPKAP-K1b, MSK1, S6K1 and GSK3β (IC50s, 3, 8, 15, and 38 nM, respectively), with no effect on MKK3, MKK4, MKK6 and MKK7.
  • HY-B0719
    Ingenol Mebutate Modulator 99.07%
    Ingenol Mebutate is an active ingredient in Euphorbia peplus, acts as a potent PKC modulator, with Kis of 0.3, 0.105, 0.162, 0.376, and 0.171 nM for PKC-α, PKC-β, PKC-γ, PKC-δ, and PKC-ε, respectively, and has antiinflammatory and antitumor activity.