1. GPCR/G Protein
  2. Protease Activated Receptor (PAR)

Protease Activated Receptor (PAR)

Protease activated receptors (PARs) are a family of G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) that are irreversibly activated by proteolytic cleavage of the N terminus, which unmasks a tethered peptide ligand that binds and activates the transmembrane receptor domain, eliciting a cellular cascade in response to inflammatory signals and other stimuli. There are four members of the PAR family: PAR1, PAR2, PAR3 and PAR4. PARs have important functions in the vasculature, inflammation, and cancer and are important drug targets.

PARs are expressed on nearly all cell types in the blood vessel wall (ECs, fibroblasts, myocytes) and blood (platelets, neutrophils, macrophages, leukemic white cells) with exception of red blood cells. Thrombin-activated PAR-1, PAR-3, and PAR-4 are also expressed in epithelium, neurons, astrocytes, and immune cells. PAR-2, which is activated by trypsin-like serine proteases, is found in human vascular, intestinal, neuronal, and airway cells. Its expression increases in injured tissues or after stimulation by inflammatory mediators.

Protease Activated Receptor (PAR) Related Products (64):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-112558
    AZ3451 Antagonist 99.60%
    AZ3451 is a potent protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR2) antagonist with IC50 of 23 nM.
  • HY-P1309A
    PAR-4 Agonist Peptide, amide TFA Agonist 99.93%
    PAR-4 Agonist Peptide, amide TFA (PAR-4-AP TFA; AY-NH2 TFA) is a proteinase-activated receptor-4 (PAR-4) agonist, which has no effect on either PAR-1 or PAR-2 and whose effects are blocked by a PAR-4 antagonist[1].
  • HY-10119
    Vorapaxar Antagonist 99.85%
    Vorapaxar (SCH 530348), an antiplatelet agent, is a selective, orally active, and competitive thrombin receptor protease-activated receptor (PAR-1) antagonist (Ki=8.1 nM). Vorapaxar (SCH 530348) inhibits thrombin receptor-activating peptide (TRAP)-induced platelet aggregation in a dose-dependent manner[1].
  • HY-120261
    GB-88 Inhibitor 99.05%
    GB-88 is an oral, selective non-peptide antagonist of PAR2, inhibits PAR2 activated Ca2+ release with an IC50 of 2 µM[1].
  • HY-P0078
    TRAP-6 Agonist 99.84%
    TRAP-6 (PAR-1 agonist peptide), a peptide fragment, is a selective protease activating receptor 1 (PAR1) agonist. TRAP-6 activates human platelets via the thrombin receptor. TRAP-6 shows no activity at PAR4[1].
  • HY-P4803
    PAR-2 (1-6) (human) Agonist
    PAR-2 (1-6) (human) (SLIGKV), a peptide ligand, is a PAR-2 agonist[1].
  • HY-129047A
    Trypsin (MS grade) Activator
    Trypsin MS grade is a serine protease enzyme, and hydrolyzes proteins at the carboxyl side of the Lysine or Arginine. Trypsin MS grade activates PAR2 and PAR4. Trypsin MS grade induces cell-to-cell membrane fusion in PDCoV infection by the interaction of S glycoprotein of PDCoV and pAPN. Trypsin MS grade also promotes cell proliferation and differentiation. Trypsin MS grade can be used in the research of wound healing and neurogenic inflammation[1][2][3][4][6].
  • HY-P1314
    2-Furoyl-LIGRLO-amide Agonist 99.87%
    2-Furoyl-LIGRLO-amide is a potent and selective proteinase-activated receptor 2 (PAR2) agonist with a pD2 value of 7.0[1][2]..
  • HY-120528A
    GB-110 hydrochloride Agonist 99.83%
    GB-110 hydrochloride is a potent, orally active, and nonpeptidic protease activated receptor 2 (PAR2) agonist. GB-110 hydrochloride selectively induces PAR2-mediated intracellular Ca2+ release in HT29 cells with an EC50 of 0.28 μM[1].
  • HY-P1310
    VKGILS-NH2 Agonist 99.68%
    VKGILS-NH2 is a reversed amino acid sequence control peptide for SLIGKV-NH2 (protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR2) agonist). VKGILS-NH2 has no effect on DNA synthesis in cells[1][2].
  • HY-19837
    BMS-986120 Antagonist
    BMS-986120 is a first-in-class oral and reversible protease-activated receptor 4 (PAR4) antagonist, with IC50s of 9.5 nM and 2.1 nM in human and monkey blood, respectively. BMS-986120 has potent and selective antiplatelet effects[1][2].
  • HY-P1260
    FSLLRY-NH2 Inhibitor
    FSLLRY-NH2 is a protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR2) inhibitor[1].
  • HY-108555
    FR-171113 Antagonist
    FR171113 is a specific and non-peptide thrombin receptor antagonist. FR171113 exhibits the antithrombotic effects of a PAR1 antagonist. FR171113 inhibits thrombin-induced platelet aggregation with an IC50 of 0.29 μM.[1][2][3][4].
  • HY-P1263A
    tcY-NH2 TFA Antagonist 99.84%
    tcY-NH2 ((trans-Cinnamoyl)-YPGKF-NH2) TFA is a potent selective PAR4 antagonist peptide. tcY-NH2 TFA inhibits thrombin- and AY-NH2-induced platelet aggregation and endostatin release, and can be used in the research of inflammation, immunology[1][2][6].
  • HY-14993
    SCH79797 Antagonist 99.83%
    SCH79797 is a highly potent, selective nonpeptide protease activated receptor 1 (PAR1) antagonist. SCH79797 inhibits binding of a high-affinity thrombin receptor-activating peptide to PAR1 with an IC50 of 70 nM and a Ki of 35 nM. SCH79797 inhibits thrombin-induced platelet aggregation with an IC50 of 3 μM. SCH79797 has antiproliferative and pro-apoptotic effects, and limits myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury in rat hearts. SCH79797 also potently prevents PAR1 activation in vascular smooth muscle cells, endothelial cells, and astrocytes[1][2][3][4].
  • HY-143315
    Protease-Activated Receptor-1 antagonist 3 Antagonist
    Protease-Activated Receptor-1 antagonist 3 is a potent protease-activated receptor-1 antagonist with an IC50 value of 7 nM. Protease-Activated Receptor-1 antagonist 3 shows binding affinity for hERG K+ channel with an IC50 value of 9 µM[1].
  • HY-P0297
    Protease-Activated Receptor-4 Agonist 98.14%
    Protease-Activated Receptor-4 is the agonist of proteinase-activated receptor-4 (PAR4).
  • HY-138558
    PAR-2-IN-1 Inhibitor 99.16%
    PAR-2-IN-1 is a protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR2) signaling pathway inhibitor with anti-inflammatory and anticancer effects[1].
  • HY-P1536
    Thrombin Receptor Activator for Peptide 5 (TRAP-5)
    Thrombin Receptor Activator for Peptide 5 (TRAP-5) is also called Coagulation Factor II Receptor (1-5) or Proteinase Activated Receptor 1 (1-5), used in the research of coronary heart disease (CHD).
  • HY-107146
    PZ-128 Antagonist 99.47%
    PZ-128 (P1pal-7), a cell-penetrating lipopeptide pepducin, is a first-in-class, specific and reversible protease-activated receptor-1 (PAR1) antagonist. PZ-128 targets the cytoplasmic surface of PAR1 and interrupts signaling to internally-located G (PAR1-G) proteins. PZ-128 has antiplatelet, anti-metastatic, anti-angiogenic and anticancer effects[1][2][3][4].