1. Stem Cell/Wnt
    TGF-beta/Smad
  2. TGF-beta/Smad

TGF-beta/Smad

Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is a multifunctional cytokine that regulates proliferation, migration, differentiation, and survival of many different cell types. Deletion or mutation of different members of the TGF-β family have been shown to cause vascular remodeling defect and absence of mural cell formation, leading to embryonic lethality or severe vascular disorders. TGF-β induces smooth muscle differentiation via Notch or SMAD2 and SMAD3 signaling in ES cells or in a neural crest stem cell line. TGF-β binds to TGF-βRI and to induce phosphorylation of SMAD2/3, thereby inhibiting proliferation, tube formation, and migration of endothelial cells (ECs).

TGF-β is a pluripotent cytokine with dual tumour-suppressive and tumour-promoting effects. TGF-β induces the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) leading to increased cell plasticity at the onset of cancer cell invasion and metastasis.

TGF-beta/Smad Related Products (17):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-B0673
    Pirfenidone Inhibitor 99.98%
    Pirfenidone (AMR69) is an antifibrotic agent that attenuates CCL2 and CCL12 production in fibrocyte cells. Pirfenidone has growth-inhibitory effect and reduces TGF-β2 protein levels in human glioma cell lines. Pirfenidone also has anti-inflammatory activities[1][2][3].
  • HY-13013
    (E)-SIS3 Inhibitor >98.0%
    (E)-SIS3 is a potent and selective inhibitor of Smad3 with an IC50 of 3 μM for Smad3 phosphorylation. (E)-SIS3 inhibits the myofibroblast differentiation of fibroblasts by TGF-β1[1].
  • HY-100347A
    SRI-011381 hydrochloride Agonist 99.78%
    SRI-011381 hydrochloride is an oral bioavailabile TGF-beta signaling agonist, exhibits neuroprotective effect[1].
  • HY-16268
    Kartogenin Activator 98.34%
    Kartogenin is an inducer of differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells into chondrocytes.
  • HY-P0118
    Disitertide Inhibitor
    Disitertide (P144) is an inhibitor of TGF-β1.
  • HY-N6679A
    10,11-Dehydrocurvularin Inhibitor
    10,11-Dehydrocurvularin is a prevalent fungal phytotoxin and an antibiotic. 10,11-Dehydrocurvularin is a strong activator of the heat shock response. 10,11-Dehydrocurvularin inhibits TGF-β signalling pathway. Anti-tumorous activity[1][2].
  • HY-116084
    Trimethylamine N-oxide Activator >98.0%
    Trimethylamine N-oxide is a gut microbe-dependent metabolite of dietary choline and other trimethylamine-containing nutrients. Trimethylamine N-oxide induces inflammation by activating the ROS/NLRP3 inflammasome. Trimethylamine N-oxide also accelerates fibroblast-myofibroblast differentiation and induces cardiac fibrosis by activating the TGF-β/smad2 signaling pathway[1][2][3].
  • HY-124674A
    CCT365623 hydrochloride Activator >98.0%
    CCT365623 hydrochloride is an orally active lysyl oxidase (LOX) inhibitor, with an IC50 of 0.89 μM. CCT365623 hydrochloride suppresses EGFR (pY1068) and AKT phosphorylation driven by EGF. CCT365623 hydrochloride is extremely well tolerated, and has good pharmacokinetic properties[1].
  • HY-N1584
    Halofuginone Inhibitor 98.32%
    Halofuginone (RU-19110) is a less-toxic form of Febrifugine, which is isolated from the plant Dichroa febrifuga[1]. Halofuginone inhibits prolyl-tRNA synthetase in an ATP-dependent manner with a Ki of 18.3 nM[2]. Halofuginone is a specific inhibitor of type-I collagen synthesis and attenuates osteoarthritis (OA) by inhibition of TGF-β activity[3][4].
  • HY-N0439
    Asiaticoside Modulator 99.84%
    Asiaticoside, a trisaccaride triterpene from Centella asiatica, suppresses TGF-β/Smad signaling through inducing Smad7 and inhibiting TGF-βRI and TGF-βRII in keloid fibroblasts; Asiaticoside shows antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-ulcer properties.
  • HY-N0158
    Oxymatrine Inhibitor >98.0%
    Oxymatrine, an alkaloid from the roots of Sophora species, with anti-inflammatory, antifibrosis, and antitumor effects, inhibits the iNOS expression and TGF-β/Smad pathway. Oxymatrine inhibits bocavirus minute virus of canines (MVC) replication, reduces viral gene expression and decreases apoptosis induced by viral infection.
  • HY-101275
    EMT inhibitor-1 Inhibitor 98.71%
    EMT inhibitor-1 is an inhibitor of of Hippo, TGF-β, and Wnt signaling pathways with antitumor activities.
  • HY-N0038
    Alantolactone Activator 99.94%
    Alantolactone is a selective STAT3 inhibitor, with potent anticancer activity. Alantolactone induces apoptosis in cancer[1][2][3].
  • HY-B0252
    Hydrochlorothiazide Inhibitor 99.49%
    Hydrochlorothiazide is a diuretic drug of the thiazide class.
  • HY-N1584A
    Halofuginone hydrobromide Inhibitor 99.94%
    Halofuginone hydrobromide (RU-19110 hydrobromide) is a less-toxic form of Febrifugine, which is isolated from the plant Dichroa febrifuga[1]. Halofuginone inhibits prolyl-tRNA synthetase in an ATP-dependent manner with a Ki of 18.3 nM[2]. Halofuginone is a specific inhibitor of type-I collagen synthesis and attenuates osteoarthritis (OA) by inhibition of TGF-β activity[3][4].
  • HY-N2033
    Chebulinic acid Inhibitor 98.42%
    Chebulinic acid is a potent natural inhibitor of M. tuberculosis DNA gyrase, also can inhibit SMAD-3 phosphorylation, inhibit H+ K+-ATPase activity.
  • HY-B0673S
    Pirfenidone D5 Inhibitor
    Pirfenidone D5 (AMR69 D5) is a deuterium labeled Pirfenidone. Pirfenidone is an antifibrotic agent that attenuates CCL2 and CCL12 production in fibrocyte cells. Pirfenidone has growth-inhibitory effect and reduces TGF-β2 protein levels in human glioma cell lines. Pirfenidone also has anti-inflammatory activities[1][2][3].