1. Stem Cell/Wnt
  2. TGF-beta/Smad


Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) is a member of a superfamily of pleiotropic proteins that regulate multiple cellular processes such as growth, development and differentiation. The intracellular effectors of TGF-beta signalling, the Smad proteins, are activated by receptors and translocate into the nucleus, where they regulate transcription. Although this pathway is inherently simple, combinatorial interactions in the heteromeric receptor and Smad complexes, receptor-interacting and Smad-interacting proteins, and cooperation with sequence-specific transcription factors allow substantial versatility and diversification of TGF-beta family responses. Other signalling pathways further regulate Smad activation and function.

In addition, TGF-beta receptors activate Smad-independent pathways that not only regulate Smad signalling, but also allow Smad-independent TGF-beta responses. Aberrant TGF-β signaling is associated with a variety of diseases, such as fibrosis, cardiovascular disease and cancer. Hence, the TGF-β signaling pathway is recognized as a potential drug target.

TGF-beta/Smad Related Products (56):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-16268
    Kartogenin Activator
    Kartogenin (KGN) is an inducer of differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells into chondrocytes, with an EC50 of 100 nM. Kartogenin binds filamin A, disrupts its interaction with the transcription factor core-binding factor β subunit (CBFβ), and induces chondrogenesis by regulating the CBFβ-RUNX1 transcriptional program. Kartogenin can be used for the research of osteoarthritis (OA)[1][2].
  • HY-13013
    SIS3 Inhibitor
    (E)-SIS3 is a potent and selective inhibitor of Smad3 with an IC50 of 3 μM for Smad3 phosphorylation. (E)-SIS3 inhibits the myofibroblast differentiation of fibroblasts by TGF-β1[1].
  • HY-B0673
    Pirfenidone Inhibitor 99.95%
    Pirfenidone (AMR69) is an antifibrotic agent that attenuates CCL2 and CCL12 production in fibrocyte cells. Pirfenidone has growth-inhibitory effect and reduces TGF-β2 protein levels in human glioma cell lines. Pirfenidone also has anti-inflammatory activities[1][2][3].
  • HY-100347A
    SRI-011381 hydrochloride Agonist 99.97%
    SRI-011381 hydrochloride is an orally active TGF-β signaling agonist, exhibits neuroprotective effects[1][2].
  • HY-N1584
    Halofuginone Inhibitor 99.78%
    Halofuginone (RU-19110), a Febrifugine derivative, is a competitive prolyl-tRNA synthetase inhibitor with a Ki of 18.3 nM[1][2]. Halofuginone is a specific inhibitor of type-I collagen synthesis and attenuates osteoarthritis (OA) by inhibition of TGF-β activity[3][4]. Halofuginone is also a potent pulmonary vasodilator by activating Kv channels and blocking voltage-gated, receptor-operated and store-operated Ca2+ channels. Halofuginone has anti-malaria, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-fibrosis effects[5].
  • HY-W108953
    Myristoyl tetrapeptide-12 Activator
    Myristoyl tetrapeptide-12 directly activates SMAD2 and induces the linking of SMAD3 with DNA. Myristoyl tetrapeptide-12 is capable of stimulating hair growth, especially at the level of eyelashes[1][2].
  • HY-155786
    3,7-DMF Inhibitor
    3,7-DMF is an orally active inhibitor of TGF-β1-induced activation of HSCs. 3,7-DMF induces antioxidant genes and quenches ROS away, which can be used to study liver fibrosis[1].
  • HY-P990009
    Nisevokitug Inhibitor
    Nisevokitug (NIS-793) is a human, IgG2λ antibody targeting TGF-β (TGFB1/TGFB2). Nisevokitug is expressed by CHO-K1 cells[1].
  • HY-N3674
    Dalbergioidin Inhibitor
    Dalbergioidin, a well-known anthocyanin, ameliorates doxorubicin-induced renal fibrosis by suppressing the TGF-β signal pathway. Dalbergioidin exhibits tyrosinase inhibitory activity with an IC50 of 20 mM[1][2].
  • HY-116084S
    Trimethylamine N-oxide-d9 Activator
    Trimethylamine N-oxide-d9 is the deuterium labeled Trimethylamine N-oxide. Trimethylamine N-oxide is a gut microbe-dependent metabolite of dietary choline and other trimethylamine-containing nutrients. Trimethylamine N-oxide induces inflammation by activating the ROS/NLRP3 inflammasome. Trimethylamine N-oxide also accelerates fibroblast-myofibroblast differentiation and induces cardiac fibrosis by activating the TGF-β/smad2 signaling pathway[1][2][3].
  • HY-N10577
    Chlorfortunone A Inhibitor
    Chlorfortunone A is a novel sesquiterpenoid dimers, can be isolated from the roots of Chloranthus fortunei. Chlorfortunone A inhibits transforming growth factor (TGF)-β activity[1].
  • HY-P99695
    Lerdelimumab Inhibitor
    Lerdelimumab (CAT-152) is an IgG4 human anti-TGF-β2 recombinant monoclonal antibody. Lerdelimumab can be used as an anti-scarring agent for glaucoma research[1][2].
  • HY-P0118B
    Disitertide diammonium Inhibitor 99.53%
    Disitertide (P144) diammonium is a peptidic transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-β1) inhibitor specifically designed to block the interaction with its receptor. Disitertide diammonium is also a PI3K inhibitor and an apoptosis inducer[1][2][3][4][5].
  • HY-P0118
    Disitertide Inhibitor
    Disitertide (P144) is a peptidic transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-β1) inhibitor specifically designed to block the interaction with its receptor. Disitertide (P144) is also a PI3K inhibitor and an apoptosis inducer[1][2][3][4][5].
  • HY-P99720
    Luspatercept Inhibitor 98.92%
    Luspatercept (ACE-536) is a recombinant modified ActRIIB fusion protein that binds with transforming growth factor β superfamily ligands. Luspatercept increases the erythrocyte numbers and promotes maturation of erythroid precursors. Luspatercept binds with GDF11 and inhibits Smad2/3 signaling. Luspatercept can be used for the research of anemia[1].
  • HY-100444
    SIS3 free base Inhibitor 98.11%
    SIS3 free base is a potent and selective inhibitor of Smad3 phosphorylation. SIS3 free base inhibits the myofibroblast differentiation of fibroblasts by TGF-β1. SIS3 free base does not affect the phosphorylation of Smad2[1].
  • HY-147025
    (S,R,S)-AHPC-C2-amide-benzofuranylmethyl-pyridine Inhibitor 99.06%
    (S,R,S)-AHPC-C2-amide-benzofuranylmethyl-pyridine is a dual target PROTAC that can not only target to the ubiquitination and degradation of Smad3 but also improve the HIF-α protein level. (S,R,S)-AHPC-C2-amide-benzofuranylmethyl-pyridine has a multi-path anti-fibrosis function and a renal protection function for research of renal anemia[1].
  • HY-B0252
    Hydrochlorothiazide Inhibitor 99.55%
    Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ), an orally active diuretic agent of the thiazide class, inhibits transforming TGF-β/Smad signaling pathway. Hydrochlorothiazide has direct vascular relaxant effects via opening of the calcium-activated potassium (KCA) channel. Hydrochlorothiazide improves cardiac function, reduces fibrosis and has antihypertensive effect[1][2][3].
  • HY-150795
    SY-LB-35 Inhibitor
    SY-LB-35 is a potent bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) receptor agonist. SY-LB-35 can stimulate significant increases in cell number and cell viability in the C2C12 myoblast cell line, and causes shifts towards the S and G2/M phases of the cell cycle. SY-LB-35 stimulates canonical Smad and non-canonical PI3K/Akt, ERK, p38 and JNK intracellular signaling pathways[1].
  • HY-147372
    SJ000063181 Agonist 99.77%
    SJ000063181 is a potent BMP signaling activator with an EC50 ≤1 µM. SJ000063181 can be used as chemical probes to interrogate BMP signaling due to it can penetrate zebrafish embryos[1].