1. Apoptosis
  2. TNF Receptor

TNF Receptor

Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is a major mediator of apoptosis as well as inflammation and immunity, and it has been implicated in the pathogenesis of a wide spectrum of human diseases, including sepsis, diabetes, cancer, osteoporosis, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and inflammatory bowel diseases.

TNF-α is a 17-kDa protein consisting of 157 amino acids that is a homotrimer in solution. In humans, the gene is mapped to chromosome 6. Its bioactivity is mainly regulated by soluble TNF-α–binding receptors. TNF-α is mainly produced by activated macrophages, T lymphocytes, and natural killer cells. Lower expression is known for a variety of other cells, including fibroblasts, smooth muscle cells, and tumor cells. In cells, TNF-α is synthesized as pro-TNF (26 kDa), which is membrane-bound and is released upon cleavage of its pro domain by TNF-converting enzyme (TACE).

Many of the TNF-induced cellular responses are mediated by either one of the two TNF receptors, TNF-R1 and TNF-R2, both of which belong to the TNF receptor super-family. In response to TNF treatment, the transcription factor NF-κB and MAP kinases, including ERK, p38 and JNK, are activated in most types of cells and, in some cases, apoptosis or necrosis could also be induced. However, induction of apoptosis or necrosis is mainly achieved through TNFR1, which is also known as a death receptor. Activation of the NF-κB and MAPKs plays an important role in the induction of many cytokines and immune-regulatory proteins and is pivotal for many inflammatory responses.

TNF Receptor Related Products (192):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-N0182
    Fisetin Inhibitor
    Fisetin is a natural flavonol found in many fruits and vegetables with various benefits, such as antioxidant, anticancer, neuroprotection effects.
  • HY-P9970
    Infliximab Inhibitor
    Infliximab (Avakine) is a chimeric monoclonal IgG1 antibody that specifically binds to TNF-α. Infliximab prevents the interaction of TNF-α with TNF-α receptor (TNFR1 and TNFR2). Infliximab has the potential for autoimmune, chronic inflammatory diseases and diabetic neuropathy research[1][2].
  • HY-11109
    Resatorvid Inhibitor 99.95%
    Resatorvid (TAK-242) is a selective Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) inhibitor. Resatorvid inhibits NO, TNF-α and IL-6 production with IC50s of 1.8 nM, 1.9 nM and 1.3 nM, respectively. Resatorvid downregulates expression of TLR4 downstream signaling molecules MyD88 and TRIF. Resatorvid inhibits autophagy and plays pivotal role in various inflammatory diseases[1][2].
  • HY-N0822
    Shikonin Inhibitor 99.80%
    Shikonin is a major component of a Chinese herbal medicine named zicao. Shikonin is a potent TMEM16A chloride channel inhibitor with an IC50 of 6.5 μM[1]. Shikonin is a specific pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) inhibitor[2] and can also inhibit TNF-α and NF-κB pathway[3]. Shikonin decreases exosome secretion through the inhibition of glycolysis[4]. Shikonin inhibits AIM2 inflammasome activation[7].
  • HY-15615A
    TIC10 Agonist 99.80%
    TIC10 (ONC-201) is a potent, orally active, and stable tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) inducer which acts by inhibiting Akt and ERK, consequently activating Foxo3a and significantly inducing cell surface TRAIL. TIC10 can cross the blood-brain barrier[1].
  • HY-N8593S
    Undecane-d24 is the deuterium labeled Undecane[1]. Undecane has anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory activities on sensitized rat basophilic leukemia (RBL-2H3) mast cells and HaCaT keratinocytes. In sensitized mast cells, Undecane inhibits degranulation and the secretion of histamine and TNF-α[2].
  • HY-145498
    HDMAPP triammonium Activator
    HDMAPP triammonium is a potent phosphoantigen in the ammonium form and the pyrophosphate form of (E)-HDMAPP. HDMAPP is also a potent activator of γδ T cells and can induce T cell stimulation in vitro (EC50=0.39 nM, TNF-α)[1].
  • HY-P99742
    Mitazalimab Inhibitor
    Mitazalimab (ADC-1013; JNJ-64457107) is FcγR-dependent CD40 agonist with tumor-directed activity. Mitazalimab activates antigen-presenting cells, e.g. dendritic cells (DC), to initiate tumor-reactive T cells. Therefore, Mitazalimab induces tumor-specific T cells to infiltrate and kill tumors. Mitazalimab remodels the tumor-infiltrating myeloid microenvironment[1][2].
  • HY-P99565
    Tengonermin Inhibitor
    Tengonermin (ARENEGYR) is a vascular-targeting agent consisting of the human Tumour Necrosis Factor-α (TNF-α) conjugated with the CNGRCG peptide. Tengonermin increases penetration of intratumoral chemotherapy and T-cell infiltration by modifying the tumour microenvironment[1][2].
  • HY-U00179
    CDC801 Inhibitor
    CDC801 is a potent and orally active phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) inhibitor with IC50 of 1.1 μM and 2.5 μM, respectively.
  • HY-107909
    Theophylline sodium glycinate Inhibitor
    Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) sodium glycinate is a potent phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitor, adenosine receptor antagonist, and histone deacetylase (HDAC) activator. Theophylline sodium glycinate inhibits PDE3 activity to relax airway smooth muscle. Theophylline sodium glycinate has anti-inflammatory activity by increase IL-10 and inhibit NF-κB into the nucleus. Theophylline sodium glycinate induces apoptosis. Theophylline sodium glycinate can be used for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) research[1][2][3][4][5].
  • HY-N5054
    (R)-5,7-Dimethoxyflavanone Inhibitor
    (R)-5,7-Dimethoxyflavanone shows potent antimutagenic activity against MeIQ mutagenesis in Ames test using the S. typhimurium TA100 and TA98 strains[1]. And (R)-5,7-Dimethoxyflavanone significantly and dose-dependently inhibits the inflammatory mediato[1].
  • HY-P9980
    Belantamab Inhibitor
    Belantamab (GSK2857914) is a humanised IgG1 anti-BCMA (TNFRSF17) monoclonal antibody. Belantamab can be used in the synthesis of antibody-drug conjugate (ADC), Belantamab mafodotin[1].
  • HY-112275
    TNF-α-IN-1 Inhibitor 99.42%
    TNF-α-IN-1 is a TNF-α inhibitor extracted from patent US20030096841A1, compound example I-7.
  • HY-P1860
    TNF-α (31-45), human Activator 99.77%
    TNF-α (31-45), human is a peptide of tumor necrosis factor-α.
  • HY-115620
    AQX-016A Inhibitor 98.00%
    AQX-016A is an orally active and potent SHIP1 agonist. AQX-016A can activate recombinant SHIP1 enzyme in vitro and stimulate SHIP1 activity. AQX-016A also can inhibit the PI3K pathway and TNFa production, can be useful for various inflammatory diseases research[1][2].
  • HY-120934
    C25-140 Inhibitor 99.84%
    C25-140, a first-in-class, orally active, and fairly selective TRAF6-Ubc13 inhibitor, directly binds to TRAF6, and blocks the interaction of TRAF6 with Ubc13. C25-140 lowers TRAF6 activity, reduces NF-κB activation, and combats autoimmunity[1].
  • HY-W082785A
    L6H21 Inhibitor
    L6H21, a Chalcone (HY-121054) derivative, is an orally active, potent and specific myeloid differentiation 2 (MD-2) inhibitor. L6H21 directly binds to MD-2 protein with a high affinity and low KD value of 33.3 μM, blocking the formation of the LPS-TLR4/MD-2 complex. L6H21 inhibits LPS-induced expression of TNF-α and IL-6 in RAW264.7 macrophages, with IC50 values of 6.58 and 8.59 μM, respectively. L6H21 can be used for alcoholic liver disease, metabolic disturbance and neuroinflammation research[1][2][3].
  • HY-N6607
    Tryptanthrin Modulator
    Tryptanthrin is an indole quinazoline that could be an alkaloid from indigo-bearing plants. Tryptanthrin is a potent and orally active cellular Leukotriene (LT) biosynthesis inhibitor. Tryptanthrin has anticancer activity. Tryptanthrin suppresses the expression levels of NOS1, COX-2, and NF-κB and regulates the expression levels of IL-2, IL-10, and TNF-α[1][2].
  • HY-119307
    Apratastat Inhibitor
    Apratastat (TMI-005) is an orally active, non-selective and reversible TACE/MMPs inhibitor, can inhibit inhibit the release of TNF-α. Apratastat has the potential to overcome radiotherapy-resistance in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)[1][2].