1. Apoptosis
  2. TNF Receptor

TNF Receptor

Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is a major mediator of apoptosis as well as inflammation and immunity, and it has been implicated in the pathogenesis of a wide spectrum of human diseases, including sepsis, diabetes, cancer, osteoporosis, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and inflammatory bowel diseases.

TNF-α is a 17-kDa protein consisting of 157 amino acids that is a homotrimer in solution. In humans, the gene is mapped to chromosome 6. Its bioactivity is mainly regulated by soluble TNF-α–binding receptors. TNF-α is mainly produced by activated macrophages, T lymphocytes, and natural killer cells. Lower expression is known for a variety of other cells, including fibroblasts, smooth muscle cells, and tumor cells. In cells, TNF-α is synthesized as pro-TNF (26 kDa), which is membrane-bound and is released upon cleavage of its pro domain by TNF-converting enzyme (TACE).

Many of the TNF-induced cellular responses are mediated by either one of the two TNF receptors, TNF-R1 and TNF-R2, both of which belong to the TNF receptor super-family. In response to TNF treatment, the transcription factor NF-κB and MAP kinases, including ERK, p38 and JNK, are activated in most types of cells and, in some cases, apoptosis or necrosis could also be induced. However, induction of apoptosis or necrosis is mainly achieved through TNFR1, which is also known as a death receptor. Activation of the NF-κB and MAPKs plays an important role in the induction of many cytokines and immune-regulatory proteins and is pivotal for many inflammatory responses.

TNF Receptor Related Products (269):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-N0182
    Fisetin Inhibitor
    Fisetin is a natural flavonol found in many fruits and vegetables with various benefits, such as antioxidant, anticancer, neuroprotection effects.
  • HY-P9970
    Infliximab Inhibitor
    Infliximab (Avakine) is a chimeric monoclonal IgG1 antibody that specifically binds to TNF-α. Infliximab prevents the interaction of TNF-α with TNF-α receptor (TNFR1 and TNFR2). Infliximab has the potential for autoimmune, chronic inflammatory diseases and diabetic neuropathy research[1][2].
  • HY-11109
    Resatorvid Inhibitor 99.95%
    Resatorvid (TAK-242) is a selective Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) inhibitor. Resatorvid inhibits NO, TNF-α and IL-6 production with IC50s of 1.8 nM, 1.9 nM and 1.3 nM, respectively. Resatorvid downregulates expression of TLR4 downstream signaling molecules MyD88 and TRIF. Resatorvid inhibits autophagy and plays pivotal role in various inflammatory diseases[1][2].
  • HY-P9908
    Adalimumab Inhibitor
    Adalimumab is a human monoclonal IgG1 antibody targeting tumour necrosis factor α (TNF-α).
  • HY-N0822
    Shikonin Inhibitor 99.80%
    Shikonin is a major component of a Chinese herbal medicine named zicao. Shikonin is a potent TMEM16A chloride channel inhibitor with an IC50 of 6.5 μM[1]. Shikonin is a specific pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) inhibitor[2] and can also inhibit TNF-α and NF-κB pathway[3]. Shikonin decreases exosome secretion through the inhibition of glycolysis[4]. Shikonin inhibits AIM2 inflammasome activation[7].
  • HY-161381
    PDE4-IN-15 Inhibitor
    PDE4-IN-15 (compound 7b-1) is an inhibitor of PDE4 (IC50 = 0.17 μM) and has anti-TNF-α activity (EC50 = 0.19 μM). PDE4-IN-15 has a good skin permeability[1].
  • HY-P2612A
    WP9QY TFA Antagonist
    WP9QY, TNF-a Antagonist, TNF-a Antagonist is a biological active peptide. (This cyclic peptide is designed to mimic the most critical tumor necrosis factor (TNF) recognition loop on TNF receptor I. It prevents interactions of TNF with its receptor. This TNF antagonist is a useful template for the development of small molecular inhibitors to prevent both inflammatory bone destruction and systemic bone loss in rheumatoid arthritis.)
  • HY-B0809S1
    Theophylline-d3 Inhibitor
    Theophylline-d3 is deuterated labeled Theophylline (HY-B0809). Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) is a potent phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitor, adenosine receptor antagonist, and histone deacetylase (HDAC) activator. Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) inhibits PDE3 activity to relax airway smooth muscle. Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) has anti-inflammatory activity by increase IL-10 and inhibit NF-κB into the nucleus. Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) induces apoptosis. Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) can be used for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) research[1][2][3][4][5].
  • HY-P99565
    Tengonermin Inhibitor
    Tengonermin (ARENEGYR) is a vascular-targeting agent consisting of the human Tumour Necrosis Factor-α (TNF-α) conjugated with the CNGRCG peptide. Tengonermin increases penetration of intratumoral chemotherapy and T-cell infiltration by modifying the tumour microenvironment[1][2].
  • HY-160437
    TNF-α-IN-16 Inhibitor
    TNF-α-IN-16 is a potent TNFα inhibitor with an IC50 of <0.6 μM. TNF-α-IN-16 has antiinflammatory properties (WO2001072735A2; example 18)[1].
  • HY-U00179
    CDC801 Inhibitor 98.94%
    CDC801 is a potent and orally active phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) inhibitor with IC50 of 1.1 μM and 2.5 μM, respectively.
  • HY-107909
    Theophylline sodium glycinate Inhibitor
    Theophylline (1,3-Dimethylxanthine) sodium glycinate is a potent phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitor, adenosine receptor antagonist, and histone deacetylase (HDAC) activator. Theophylline sodium glycinate inhibits PDE3 activity to relax airway smooth muscle. Theophylline sodium glycinate has anti-inflammatory activity by increase IL-10 and inhibit NF-κB into the nucleus. Theophylline sodium glycinate induces apoptosis. Theophylline sodium glycinate can be used for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) research[1][2][3][4][5].
  • HY-P990095
    Vonsetamig Inhibitor
    Vonsetamig is a humanised immunoglobulin G4-kappa, anti-TNFRSF17 and CD3E monoclonal antibody. Vonsetamig is an antineoplastic[1].
  • HY-N5054
    (R)-5,7-Dimethoxyflavanone Inhibitor
    (R)-5,7-Dimethoxyflavanone shows potent antimutagenic activity against MeIQ mutagenesis in Ames test using the S. typhimurium TA100 and TA98 strains[1]. And (R)-5,7-Dimethoxyflavanone significantly and dose-dependently inhibits the inflammatory mediato[1].
  • HY-P9980
    Belantamab Inhibitor
    Belantamab (GSK2857914) is a humanised IgG1 anti-BCMA (TNFRSF17) monoclonal antibody. Belantamab can be used in the synthesis of antibody-drug conjugate (ADC), Belantamab mafodotin[1].
  • HY-112275
    TNF-α-IN-1 Inhibitor 99.42%
    TNF-α-IN-1 is a TNF-α inhibitor extracted from patent US20030096841A1, compound example I-7.
  • HY-P1860
    TNF-α (31-45), human Activator 99.77%
    TNF-α (31-45), human is a potent NF-kB pathway activator. TNF-αis a proinflammatory cytokine that induces necrosis or apoptosis. TNF alpha stimulates NF-κB pathway via TNFR2 promotes cancer growth, invasion, and metastasis[1][2][3].
  • HY-N0405
    Orientin Inhibitor 99.02%
    Orientin is a neuroprotective agentinhibits which has anti-inflammation, anti-oxidative, anti-tumor, and cardio protection properties. Orientin inhibits the levels of IL-6, IL-1β and TNF-α. Orientin increases IL-10 level. Orientin exhibits neuroprotective effect by inhibits TLR4 and NF-kappa B signaling pathway. Orientin can used in study neuropathic pain[1][2].
  • HY-115620
    AQX-016A Inhibitor 98.00%
    AQX-016A is an orally active and potent SHIP1 agonist. AQX-016A can activate recombinant SHIP1 enzyme in vitro and stimulate SHIP1 activity. AQX-016A also can inhibit the PI3K pathway and TNFa production, can be useful for various inflammatory diseases research[1][2].
  • HY-120934
    C25-140 Inhibitor 99.86%
    C25-140, a first-in-class, orally active, and fairly selective TRAF6-Ubc13 inhibitor, directly binds to TRAF6, and blocks the interaction of TRAF6 with Ubc13. C25-140 lowers TRAF6 activity, reduces NF-κB activation, and combats autoimmunity[1].