1. Membrane Transporter/Ion Channel
    Neuronal Signaling
  2. iGluR

iGluR

iGluR (ionotropic glutamate receptor) is a ligand-gated ion channel that is activated by the neurotransmitter glutamate. iGluR are integral membrane proteins compose of four large subunits that form a central ion channel pore. Sequence similarity among all known glutamate receptor subunits, including the AMPA, kainate, NMDA, and δ receptors.

AMPA receptors are the main charge carriers during basal transmission, permitting influx of sodium ions to depolarise the postsynaptic membrane. NMDA receptors are blocked by magnesium ions and therefore only permit ion flux following prior depolarisation. This enables them to act as coincidence detectors for synaptic plasticity. Calcium influx through NMDA receptors leads to persistent modifications in the strength of synaptic transmission.

iGluR Related Products (434):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-15084
    Dizocilpine maleate Antagonist 99.99%
    Dizocilpine maleate (MK-801 maleate) is a potent, selective and non-competitive NMDA receptor antagonist with Kd of 37.2 nM in rat brain membranes.
  • HY-B1618
    Corticosterone Agonist
    Corticosterone (17-Deoxycortisol) is an orally active and adrenal cortex-produced glucocorticoid, which plays an important role in regulating neuronal functions of the limbic system (including hippocampus, prefrontal cortex, and amygdala). Corticosterone increases the Rab-mediated AMPAR membrane traffic via SGK-induced phosphorylation of GDI. Corticosterone also interferes with the maturation of dendritic cells and shows a good immunosuppressive effect[1][2][3][4].
  • HY-100714A
    D-AP5 Antagonist
    D-AP5 (D-APV) is a selective and competitive NMDA receptor antagonist with a Kd of 1.4 μM. D-AP5 (D-APV) inhibits the glutamate binding site of NMDA receptors[1][2].
  • HY-14608
    L-Glutamic acid Agonist
    L-Glutamic acid is an excitatory amino acid neurotransmitter that acts as an agonist for all subtypes of glutamate receptors (metabolic rhodophylline, NMDA, and AMPA). L-Glutamic acid has an agonist effect on the release of DA from dopaminergic nerve endings. L-Glutamic acid can be used in the study of neurological diseases[1][2][3][4][5].
  • HY-17551
    NMDA Agonist
    NMDA is a specific agonist for NMDA receptor mimicking the action of glutamate, the neurotransmitter which normally acts at that receptor.
  • HY-106397
    Delucemine Antagonist
    Delucemine is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) and NMDAR antagonist. Delucemine can be used as an antidepressant[1].
  • HY-107701A
    CGP-78608 Antagonist
    CGP 78608 is a highly potent and selective antagonist at the glycine-binding site of the NMDA receptor, with an IC50 of 6 nM. CGP 78608 acts as a potentiator of GluN1/GluN3A-mediated glycine currents, with an estimated EC50 in the low nM range (26.3 nM). CGP 78608 has anticonvulsant activities[1][2].
  • HY-P10401
    TAT-GluR6-9c Antagonist
    TAT-GluR6-9c is a GluR6-PSD95 interaction blocker. By regulating the GluR6 mediated signaling pathway, TAT-GluR6-9c inhibits the activation of JNK and phosphorylation of c-Jun, reduces the expression of Fas L and thus reduces the occurrence of apoptosis. TAT-GluR6-9c can be used to study cerebral ischemia and neuroprotective strategies [1].
  • HY-17555
    Meclofenoxate hydrochloride Activator 98.80%
    Meclofenoxate hydrochloride is an ester synthesized from DMAE and pCPA, which has the activity of stimulating memory and improving cognition.
  • HY-103235
    NPEC-caged-(S)-AMPA Activator
    NPEC- caged-(S)-AMPA, a caged neurotransmitter analog, is a NPEC photoprotecting group caged the (S)-AMPA (HY-100815A) to make caged ligands specific for glutamate receptor sub-types. NPEC- caged-(S)-AMPA selectively activates AMPA receptor[1].
  • HY-16713A
    (S)-(-)-5-Fluorowillardiine hydrochloride Agonist 98.06%
    (S)-(-)-5-Fluorowillardiine hydrochloride is a potent and specific AMPAR agonist.
  • HY-P0117
    Tat-NR2B9c Inhibitor 99.97%
    Tat-NR2B9c (Tat-NR2Bct; NA-1) is a postsynaptic density-95 (PSD-95) inhibitor, with EC50 values of 6.7 nM and 670 nM for PSD-95d2 (PSD-95 PDZ domain 2) and PSD-95d1, respectively. Tat-NR2B9c disrupts the PSD-95/NMDAR interaction, inhibiting NR2A and NR2B binding to PSD-95 with IC50 values of 0.5 μM and 8 μM, respectively. Tat-NR2B9c also inhibits neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS)/PSD-95 interaction, and possesses neuroprotective efficacy[1][2][5].
  • HY-107718
    Midafotel Antagonist
    Midafotel (SDZ-EAA 494) is a potent and comprtitive NMDA antagonist with an ED50 value of 39 nM. Midafotel causes intense stereotyped behaviors. Midafotel shows neuroprotective effects[1][2][3].
  • HY-N0215S11
    L-Phenylalanine-13C9,15N Antagonist 99.52%
    L-Phenylalanine-13C9,15N is the 13C- and 15N-labeled L-Phenylalanine. L-Phenylalanine ((S)-2-Amino-3-phenylpropionic acid) is an essential amino acid isolated from Escherichia coli. L-Phenylalanine is a α2δ subunit of voltage-dependent Ca+ channels antagonist with a Ki of 980 nM. L-phenylalanine is a competitive antagonist for the glycine- and glutamate-binding sites of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) (KB of 573 μM ) and non-NMDARs, respectively. L-Phenylalanine is widely used in the production of food flavors and pharmaceuticals[1][2][3][4].
  • HY-148250
    TP-050 Agonist
    TP-050 is a potent, orally active and selective NMDAR agonist with an EC50 value of 0.51 µM and 9.6 µM for GluN2A and GluN2D, respecticely. TP-050 can cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB). TP-050 induces hippocampal long-term (LPT) potentiation enhancemen and enhances neuronal signal transmission[1].
  • HY-N0204
    Pulchinenoside A Modulator
    Pulchinenoside A is a natural triterpenoid saponin that enhances synaptic plasticity in the adult mouse hippocampus and facilitates spatial memory in adult mice.
  • HY-135741
    NYX-2925 Modulator 98.77%
    NYX-2925 is an orally active NMDAR modulator. NYX-2925 restores levels of activated Src and Src phosphorylation sites on GluN2A and GluN2B in the mPFC. NYX-2925 shows no effect on CAMKII, and any addictive or sedative/ataxic side effects. NYX-2925 can be used for research of a variety of NMDA receptor-mediated central nervous system disorders[1][2].
  • HY-124160
    JNJ-56022486 Modulator
    JNJ-56022486 is an orally active and potent negative AMPA receptor modulator (Ki=19 nM) selective for?TARP-γ8. JNJ-56022486 is also a TARP-γ8 receptor antagonist, with blood?brain?barrier (BBB) permeability. JNJ-56022486 can be used for research of Epilepsy[1][2].
  • HY-N0368
    Linalool Inhibitor
    Linalool is a natural monoterpene which is a competitive NMDA receptor antagonist. Linalool is orally active and crosses the blood-brain barrier. Linalool has anticancer, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, anxiolytic, antidepressant, anti-stress, cardioprotective, hepatoprotective, nephroprotective and pulmonary protective activities[1][2][3][4][5].
  • HY-100807R
    Quinolinic acid (Standard) Agonist
    Quinolinic acid (Standard) is the analytical standard of Quinolinic acid. This product is intended for research and analytical applications. Quinolinic acid is an endogenous N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor agonist synthesized from L-tryptophan via the kynurenine pathway and thereby has the potential of mediating N-methyl-D-aspartate neuronal damage and dysfunction[1][2].