1. Immunology/Inflammation
    Metabolic Enzyme/Protease
    NF-κB
  2. Reactive Oxygen Species

Reactive Oxygen Species

Reactive oxygen species (ROS), such as superoxide anion (O2-), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), and hydroxyl radical (HO•), consist of radical and non-radical oxygen species formed by the partial reduction of oxygen. Cellular ROS are generated endogenously during mitochondrial oxidative metabolism as well as in cellular response to xenobiotics, cytokines, and bacterial invasion.

ROS also activates MAPK pathways by the direct inhibition of MAPK phosphatases. Through PTEN, the PI3K pathway is subject to reversible redox regulation by ROS generated by growth factor stimulation. The activation of autophagy may be a cellular defense mechanism in response to ROS.

Reactive Oxygen Species Related Products (702):

Cat. No. Product Name Effect Purity
  • HY-12040
    Elesclomol Activator 99.80%
    Elesclomol (STA-4783) is a potent copper ionophore and promotes copper-dependent cell death (cuproptosis). Elesclomol specifically binds ferredoxin 1 (FDX1) α2/α3 helices and β5 strand. Elesclomol inhibits FDX1-mediated Fe-S cluster biosynthesis. Elesclomol is an oxidative stress inducer that induces cancer cell apoptosis. Elesclomol is a reactive oxygen species (ROS) inducer. Elesclomol can be used for Menkes and associated disorders of hereditary copper deficiency research[1][2][3][4].
  • HY-B0215
    Acetylcysteine Inhibitor
    Acetylcysteine (N-Acetylcysteine) is a mucolytic agent which reduces the thickness of the mucus. Acetylcysteine is a ROS inhibitor[1]. Acetylcysteine is a cysteine precursor, prevents hemin-induced ferroptosis by neutralizing toxic lipids generated by arachidonate-dependent activity of 5-lipoxygenases[5]. Acetylcysteine induces cell apoptosis[2][3]. Acetylcysteine also has anti-influenza virus activities[7].
  • HY-D1055
    MitoSOX Red
    MitoSOX Red is a live cell fluorescent probe that specifically targets mitochondria and is cell membrane permeable. MitoSOX Red enters mitochondria and is oxidized by superoxide but not by other ROS or RNS generating systems. The oxidized MitoSOX Red then binds to nucleic acids in mitochondria/nucleus, producing strong red fluorescence. MitoSOX Red can be used as a fluorescent indicator to specifically detect superoxide. In addition, superoxide dismutase (SOD) can prevent the oxidation of MitoSOX Red.
    Excitation/emission wavelength: 510/580 nm.
  • HY-B0988
    Deferoxamine mesylate Inhibitor
    Deferoxamine mesylate (Deferoxamine B mesylate) is an iron chelator (binds to Fe(III) and many other metal cations), is widely used to reduce iron accumulation and deposition in tissues. Deferoxamine mesylate upregulates HIF-1α levels with good antioxidant activity. Deferoxamine mesylate also shows anti-proliferative activity, can induce apoptosis and autophagy in cancer cells. Deferoxamine mesylate can be used in studies of diabetes, neurodegenerative diseases as well as anti-cancer and anti-COVID-19[1][2][3][4][5].
  • HY-D0940
    H2DCFDA
    H2DCFDA (DCFH-DA) is a cell-permeable probe used to detect intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) (Ex/Em=488/525 nm)[1].
  • HY-N0716A
    Berberine hemisulfate Modulator
    Berberine hemisulfate is the hemisulfate form of Berberine (HY-N0716). Berberine hemisulfate is an alkaloid isolated from the Chinese herbal medicine Huanglian. Berberine hemisulfate exhibits anti-inflammatory, antibiobic, antitumor, cardiovascular protective and neuroprotective activity[1][2][3][4][5][6].
  • HY-127149
    Mofarotene Inducer
    Mofarotene (Ro 40-8757), an arotinoid, is anticancer compound. Mofarotene induces apoptosis, associated with mitochondrial membrane depolarization, activation of caspase-3 and -9, and enhanced production of reactive oxygen species. Mofarotene inhibits hematopoiesis in vitro by inhibiting maturation from primitive progenitor cells[1][2][3].
  • HY-W106456
    3-Methoxy-9H-Carbazole Inducer
    3-Methoxy-9H-Carbazole induces caspase-3 activities and the cellular generation of eactive oxygen species. 3-Methoxy-9H-Carbazole inhibits cancer cell proliferation and induces apoptosis[1].
  • HY-147767
    PI3Kα-IN-6 Inducer
    PI3Kα-IN-6 (Compound 5b) is a PI3Kα inhibitor. PI3Kα-IN-6 exhibits anticancer potential and no toxicity in normal cells. PI3Kα-IN-6 increases generation of ROS, reduces mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and induces apoptosis[1].
  • HY-149586
    ROS-IN-2 Inhibitor
    ROS-IN-2 (compound 85) is a seco-lupane triterpenoid derivative. ROS-IN-2 blocks ROS production and protects mitochondria from damage by inhibiting excessive production of oxidative stressors. ROS-IN-2 can be used for myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury research[1].
  • HY-142099
    Hispaglabridin A Inhibitor
    Hispaglabridin A is an antioxidant that is effective at inhibiting lipid peroxidation[1].
  • HY-18085
    Quercetin Inhibitor
    Quercetin, a natural flavonoid, is a stimulator of recombinant SIRT1 and also a PI3K inhibitor with IC50 of 2.4 μM, 3.0 μM and 5.4 μM for PI3K γ, PI3K δ and PI3K β, respectively[1].
  • HY-A0169
    Methyl aminolevulinate
    Methyl aminolevulinate is an agent used as a sensitizer in photodynamic therapy (PDT). Methyl aminolevulinate is a proagent that can be metabolized to Protoporphyrin IX[1].
  • HY-N0111S2
    Coenzyme Q10-d9
    Coenzyme Q10-d9 is the deuterium labeled Coenzyme Q10. Coenzyme Q10 is an essential cofactor of the electron transport chain and a potent antioxidant agent.
  • HY-B1066R
    Butylhydroxyanisole (Standard)
    Butylhydroxyanisole (Standard) is the analytical standard of Butylhydroxyanisole. This product is intended for research and analytical applications. Butylhydroxyanisole (Butylated hydroxyanisole) is an antioxidant used as a food additive preservative. Butylhydroxyanisole mediates liver toxicity, retardation in reproductive organ development and learning, and sleep deficit. Butylhydroxyanisole exerts neurotoxic effects and leads to disruption of the brain and nerve development[1][2][3]. Butylhydroxyanisole is a ferroptosis inducer[4].
  • HY-D0844
    Glutathione oxidized 98.89%
    Glutathione oxidized (L-Glutathione oxidized) is produced by the oxidation of glutathione. Detoxification of reactive oxygen species is accompanied by production of glutathione oxidized. Glutathione oxidized can be used for the research of sickle cells and erythrocytes[1][2].
  • HY-119695B
    Simvastatin acid calcium hydrate Inhibitor
    Simvastatin acid (Tenivastatin) calcium hydrate is a potent HMG-CoA reductase (HMGCR) inhibitor. Simvastatin acid calcium hydrate reduces Indoxyl sulfate-mediated reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in human cardiomyocytes. Simvastatin acid calcium hydrate can also modulates OATP3A1 expression in cardiomyocytes and HEK293 cells transfected with the OATP3A1 gene[1][2].
  • HY-17363S1
    Dimethyl fumarate-d2
    Dimethyl fumarate-d2 is the deuterium labeled Dimethyl fumarate[1]. Dimethyl fumarate (DMF) is an orally active and brain-penetrant Nrf2 activator and induces upregulation of antioxidant gene expression. Dimethyl fumarate induces necroptosis in colon cancer cells through GSH depletion/ROS increase/MAPKs activation pathway, and also induces cell autophagy. Dimethyl fumarate can be used for multiple sclerosis research[2][3].
  • HY-N0520
    Calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucoside 98.81%
    Calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucoside is an isoflavone isolated from Astragali Radix. Calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucoside has variety of biological activities, such as neuroprotective, cardioprotection, anti-inflammation, and antioxidative stress effects[1][2].
  • HY-N0487
    Glucosamine sulfate
    Glucosamine sulfate (D-Glucosamine sulfate) is an amino sugar and a prominent precursor in the biochemical synthesis of glycosylated proteins and lipids, is used as a dietary supplement. Glucosamine sulfate also is a natural constituent of glycosaminoglycans in the cartilage matrix and synovial fluid, which when administered exogenously, exerts pharmacological effects on osteoarthritic cartilage and chondrocytes[1].